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Jan Sluyters

(b 's-Hertogenbosch, 17 Dec. 1881; d Amsterdam, 8 May 1957). Dutch painter, active mainly in Amsterdam. He was one of the best-known artists in the Netherlands in the interwar ...

Sluyters, Jan

Sluyters, Jan (1881–1957)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
202 words

..., Jan ( Johannes Carolus Bernardus ) ( 1881–1957 ). Dutch painter. Sluyters was born in 's-Hertogenbosch and trained in Amsterdam at the Teachers' Training College ( 1897–1900 ) and the Academy of Art ( 1901–4 ). He won the Prix de Rome at the Academy and spent 1904 travelling in Italy, Spain, Portugal, and France. His early works owe a debt to van Gogh and Breitner , the Dutch Impressionist . However, in about 1906 , inspired by his exposure to contemporary French painting, he adopted a Fauvist palette and technique. This too changed,...

Sluyters, Jan

Sluyters, Jan (17 Dec. 1881)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
93 words

..., Jan (or Jan Sluijters ) ( b ’s Hertogenbosch, 17 Dec. 1881 ; d Amsterdam, 8 May 1957 ). Dutch painter, active mainly in Amsterdam. He was one of the best-known artists in the Netherlands in the inter-war period and the one in whom French modernism is most variously reflected. His early works show the influence of his countrymen van Gogh and Breitner , and of Fauvism . He also experimented with Cubism before finally developing a lively personal style of colourful Expressionism that is best seen in his nudes—he had a predilection for...

Sluyters, Jan

Sluyters, Jan   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
90 words

..., Jan ( b 's-Hertogenbosch , 17 Dec. 1881 ; d Amsterdam , 8 May 1957 ). Dutch painter , active mainly in Amsterdam. He was one of the best-known artists in the Netherlands in the interwar period and the one in whom French modernism is most variously reflected. His early works show the influence of his countrymen van Gogh and Breitner , and of Fauvism . He also experimented with Cubism before finally developing a lively personal style of colourful Expressionism that is best seen in his nudes—he had a predilection for painting nude children...

Sluyters, Jan

Sluyters, Jan (1881–1957)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
130 words

..., Jan ( Jan Sluijters ) ( 1881–1957 ) Dutch painter , born in 's-Hertogenbosch and active mainly in Amsterdam, where he trained at the Academy. He was one of the best-known artists in the Netherlands in the inter-war period and the one in whom French modernism is most variously reflected. His early works show the influence of his countrymen van Gogh and George Hendrik Breitner ( 1857–1923 ), the leading Dutch Impressionist , and also of Fauvism . He also experimented with Cubism before finally developing a lively personal style of colourful...

Jan Sluyters

Jan Sluyters  

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Overview Page
(b 's-Hertogenbosch, 17 Dec. 1881; d Amsterdam, 8 May 1957).Dutch painter, active mainly in Amsterdam. He was one of the best-known artists in the Netherlands in the interwar period and the one in ...
Gustave de Smet

Gustave de Smet  

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(b Ghent, 21 Jan. 1877; d Deurle, nr. Ghent, 8 Oct. 1943).One of the leading Belgian Expressionist painters. His early work was Impressionist in style, but he was influenced towards Expressionism by ...
Gestel, Leo

Gestel, Leo (22 Nov. 1881)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
79 words

...was a painter of modest talent, he was significant as one of the first Dutch artists to experiment with Expressionism and Cubism , and he helped to introduce these trends to his country. His knowledge of avant-garde art came partly from two visits to Paris—in 1904 (with Jan Sluyters ) and 1910–11 . His work included landscapes, nudes, and still-lifes. He also made...

Smet, Gustave de

Smet, Gustave de (21 Jan. 1877)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
112 words

...Gustave de ( b Ghent, 21 Jan. 1877 ; d Deurle, nr. Ghent, 8 Oct. 1943 ). One of the leading Belgian Expressionist painters. His early work was Impressionist in style, but he was influenced towards Expressionism by Jan Sluyters and Henri Le Fauconnier , whom he met in Holland when he took refuge there during the First World War. Typically de Smet painted scenes of rural and village life in which forms are treated in a schematic way owing something to Cubism ; there is often an air of unreality reminiscent of that in Chagall ’s work ( Village...

Smet, Gustave de

Smet, Gustave de   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
118 words

...Gustave de ( b Ghent , 21 Jan. 1877 ; d Deurle, nr. Ghent , 8 Oct. 1943 ). One of the foremost Belgian Expressionist painters. His early work was Impressionist in style, but he was influenced towards Expressionism by Jan Sluyters and Henri Le Fauconnier , whom he met in Holland when he took refuge there during the First World War. Typically de Smet painted scenes of rural and village life in which forms are treated in a schematic way owing something to Cubism ; there is often an air of unreality reminiscent of that in Chagall 's work (...

Smet, Gustave de

Smet, Gustave de (1877–1943)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
244 words

.... He was born in Ghent, where he studied at the Academy, 1888–95 . In the first decade of the 20th century he spent much of his time at the artists' colony of Laetham-Saint-Martin . His early work was Impressionist in style, but he was influenced towards Expressionism by Jan Sluyters and Henri Le Fauconnier , whom he met in Holland when he took refuge there during the First World War. He returned to Belgium in 1922 and lived successively in Kalmthout, Ostend, Bachte-Maria-Leerne, Afsnee, and Deurle, where he died. Typically de Smet painted scenes of...

Dutch art

Dutch art   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
3,744 words

...to the Hague School, combined with powerful expressive qualities, which are the hallmark of his later paintings. Other Dutch painters, such as Johan Thorn Prikker and Jan Toorop , were influenced by the late 19th-century French symbolist movement. During the 20th century Dutch artists introduced various styles of European art, such as Fauvist characteristics in the work of Jan Sluyters , who joined artists of the ‘Bergen Group’ experimenting with Abstract Expressionism . Piet Mondrian was the foremost Dutch artist of the 20th century. The calm and...

History and Historiography of Science

History and Historiography of Science   Reference library

Helen Tilley

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Historiography: Methods and Sources

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Archaeology
Length:
21,611 words

...Origins of Rice Cultivation in the Americas (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002); Londa Schiebinger, The Secret Cures of Slaves: People, Plants, and Medicine in the Eighteenth Century Atlantic World (Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2017); and Andrew Sluyter, Black Ranching Frontiers: African Cattle Herders in the Atlantic World, 1500–1900 (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2012). For an Indian Ocean example, see Megan Vaughan, Creating the Creole Island: Slavery in Eighteenth Century Mauritius (Durham, NC: Duke University...

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