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James of Kokkinobaphos

(an unidentified monastery), the author, probably of the 12th C., of six homilies on the Virgin. Nothing is known of his life. A. Kirpičnikov (Letopis' 2 [1892] 255–80) identified him ... ...

James of Kokkinobaphos

James of Kokkinobaphos   Reference library

Robert S. Nelson and Alexander Kazhdan

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
170 words

... of Kokkinobaphos (an unidentified monastery), the author, probably of the 12th C., of six homilies on the Virgin. Nothing is known of his life. A. Kirpičnikov ( Letopis ' 2 [ 1892 ] 255–80) identified him with another James , the author of letters addressed to the sebastokratorissa Irene Komnene ; this identification remains debatable. The homilies are devoted to the life of the Virgin from her conception to her visitation with Elizabeth . They are preserved in two deluxe MSS, Paris, B.N. gr. 1208 and Vat. gr. 1162 , probably from the second...

James of Kokkinobaphos

James of Kokkinobaphos  

(an unidentified monastery), the author, probably of the 12th C., of six homilies on the Virgin. Nothing is known of his life. A. Kirpičnikov (Letopis' 2 [1892] 255–80) identified him ...
Joseph

Joseph   Reference library

Johannes Irmscher and Anthony Cutler

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
241 words

...but thereafter abiding, place as spectator in images of the Nativity on 5th-C. ivories ( Volbach , Elfenbeinarbeiten , no.119); the cathedra of Maximian enlarges this role to include his first dream and the Flight into Egypt. Based presumably on the Protoevangelion, scenes such as Joseph's flowering rod and trial by water appear in 10th-C. Cappadocia. Joseph is represented, unusually, with his sons and the tools of his trade in the illustrations of the homilies of James of Kokkinobaphos , which dwelt on Joseph's reproaches to the Virgin....

Paradise, Rivers of

Paradise, Rivers of   Reference library

Annemarie Weyl Carr

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
197 words

...more rarely after the passing of Early Christian eschatological compositions, the rivers recur occasionally in later Byz. miniatures of Paradise: illustrations for Genesis in the Octateuchs , maps of the cosmos in MSS of Kosmas Indikopleustes , and images of Paradise adorning the homilies of James of Kokkinobaphos . Though a widespread scribal colophon refers to the Evangelists as the four rivers of the Word, this literary image was not given visual form. P.A. Underwood , The Fountain of Life in Manuscripts of the Gospel , DOP 5 (1950) 47, 71–74,...

Codex Ebnerianus

Codex Ebnerianus   Reference library

Robert S. Nelson

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
184 words

...ornate canon tables and headpieces , a double portrait of Eusebios of Caesarea and Karpianos, and ten portraits of New Testament authors. Accompanying most portraits are liturgically inspired narrative scenes. The MS was copied by the same scribe as Escorial X IV 17, but illuminated in the different style of the MSS of James of Kokkinobaphos . It is the product of the preeminent school of Constantinopolitan illuminators during the second quarter of the 12th C. In 1391 the scribe Ioasaph of the Hodegon monastery added liturgical notations to the MS,...

Cain and Abel

Cain and Abel   Reference library

John H. Lowden and Catherine Brown Tkacz

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
215 words

...offering with Abel's, with clear eucharistic significance ( DACL 1.1:62). More extensive pre-Iconoclastic representations are implied by the mosaics of S. Marco in Venice, based on the Cotton Genesis , and by the Octateuchs . Cain and Abel also appear with Adam and Eve on a group of ivory caskets and occasionally in such contexts as the illustrated homilies of James of Kokkinobaphos . Abel often appears in the Anastasis . lit . K. Wessel , RBK 3:717–22. G. Henderson , LCI 1:5–10. A. Ulrich , Kain und Abel in der Kunst: Untersuchungen zur...

Initials, Ornamental

Initials, Ornamental   Reference library

Robert S. Nelson

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
216 words

...of the decorated letter was in the 11th and 12th C. The 11th C. saw inventive combinations of animals, but it was the influential painters of the 12th-C. MSS of James of Kokkinobaphos who established long-lasting conventions for zoomorphic initials. Figural initials began to depict narrative scenes as well as single figures of the text's author or narrator. Particularly in lectionaries, the person represented may belong to a larger group displayed about the page, thus pictorially uniting the entire surface. Figural initials are less common in the MSS of the...

Presentation of the Virgin

Presentation of the Virgin   Reference library

Robert F. Taft and Annemarie Weyl Carr

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
377 words

...ciborium to receive her, and behind him the Virgin appears again, now seated in the sanctuary receiving bread from an angel ( Protoevangelion of James , ch.8:1). Varying little in iconography, the scene appears in liturgical MSS, the MSS of James of Kokkinobaphos , and monumental painting, where it is found either in the narthex as at Daphni or in the naos ( Lagoudera ). I.E. Anastasios , Eisodia tes Theotokou , ThEE 5 (1964) 451–54. J. Lafontaine-Dosogne , Iconographie de l'enfance de la Vierge dans l'empire byzantin et en occident , vol. 1 (Brussels...

Birth of the Virgin

Birth of the Virgin   Reference library

Robert F. Taft and Annemarie Weyl Carr

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
374 words

...a peacock fan (Daphni), richly carved cradle (MSS of James of Kokkinobaphos ), palatial setting (King's Church, Studenica ), and numerous attendants ( Chora ). Ioakeim joins the scene in the 14th C. (Chora). G. Babić , Sur l'iconographie de la composition ‘Nativité de la Vierge’ dans la peinture byzantine , ZRVI 7 (1961) 169–75. J. Lafontaine-Dosogne , Iconographie de l'enfance de la Vierge dans l'Empire byzantin et en Occident , vol. 1 (Brussels 1964) 89–121. Robert F. Taft , Annemarie Weyl...

Rolls, Liturgical

Rolls, Liturgical   Reference library

Robert S. Nelson, Ernst Gamillscheg, and Alice-Mary Talbot

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
319 words

...the illustration resembles the frontispieces of the MSS of James of Kokkinobaphos , while the text's border is decorated in the manner of 12th-C. imperial scrolls. The numerous liturgical rolls of the Palaiologan period are seldom elaborately embellished, although one has an ornate border with monograms of the imperial family. Rolls figure prominently among the products of the Hodegon monastery and constitute about one third of the signed works of its best known scribe, Ioasaph . lit . G. Cavallo , La genesi dei rotoli liturgici Beneventani, in ...

Visitation

Visitation   Reference library

Annemarie Weyl Carr and Robert F. Taft

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
252 words

...Theodore Psalter (fol.113v) where the blessing Christ Child and kneeling John the Baptist appear behind their mothers, the MSS of James of Kokkinobaphos that illustrate the event with nine scenes, and the late 14th-C. mural at Pelendri on Cyprus, where the gesturing infants are visible in their mothers' bodies. Though the Byz. church calendar knows no such feast, the passage from Luke was read at the feast of the Deposition of the Virgin's Robe ( esthes ) in the Blachernai church on 2 July ( Mateos , Typicon 1:328–33). lit . K. Wessel , RBK ...

Prefiguration

Prefiguration   Reference library

Alexander Kazhdan and Annemarie Weyl Carr

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
475 words

... MS formerly in Smyrna (tabernacle of Moses), illustrated homilies of James of Kokkinobaphos (Eve, Jacob's ladder, Moses' staff and the bush, Aaron's rod, Gideon's fleece, Solomon's bed). These images enter monumental painting in the Palaiologan period, usually in the narthex programs ( Ohrid , Sv. Kliment ; Hagia Sophia , Trebizond ), but in the naos at Polško (G. Babić, CahArch 27 [ 1978 ] 163–78) and in the funerary parekklesion at the Chora . Underwood , Kariye Djami 4:305–46. Alexander Kazhdan , Annemarie Weyl...

Protoevangelion of James

Protoevangelion of James   Reference library

Annemarie Weyl Carr and Alexander Kazhdan

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
512 words

...human and emotional themes for art from the 12th to the 14th C. The two superbly illustrated 12th-C. editions of the homilies on the Virgin by James of Kokkinobaphos , which are based on the Protoevangelion, contain the most comprehensive Byz. Marian cycle. The Protoevangelion is also basic to the cycle of Mary's life at the Chora . ed. Papyrus Bodmer V: Nativité de Marie , ed. M. Testuz (Cologny-Genève 1958). E. Hennecke , W. Schneemelcher , New Testament Apocrypha , vol. 1 (Philadelphia 1963) 370–88, with Eng. tr. E. de Strycker , Le Protévangile de...

Gregory of Nazianzos

Gregory of Nazianzos   Reference library

Barry Baldwin, Alexander Kazhdan, Robert S. Nelson, and Nancy Patterson Ševčenko

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
936 words

...of the Pantokrator monastery in Constantinople; its ornament is related to MSS of James of Kokkinobaphos ( J.C. Anderson , ArtB 61 [ 1979 ] 167–85). Representation in Art Gregory, as one of the three most important church fathers, was invariably included in the procession of bishops adorning church apses, near the figures of John Chrysostom and Basil the Great; he is distinguished by his balding head, healthy face, and squarish beard. The inclusion of Gregory the Priest's biography of the saint into the Paris Gregory MS inspired a whole page of...

Descent into Hell

Descent into Hell   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
915 words
Illustration(s):
1

...gates of hell ; later, strewn locks, keys and bolts are added to the doors signed with a cross. In the West, they emphasized Christ's struggle against the devil and the infernal character of the place, in the form of a monster's throat or an architecture in flames. In the 10th and 11th cc., more of the liberated just were depicted: David and Solomon crowned, John the Baptist ; later other prophets and patriarchs were added ( Isaiah , Jeremiah , Abel; Enoch and Elijah ) as well as the good thief. The illustration of Jacob Kokkinobaphos's ...

Virgin Mary

Virgin Mary   Reference library

Gerhard Podskalsky, Annemarie Weyl Carr, and Nancy Patterson Ševčenko

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,784 words

...standard compositions—the conception, the Birth of the Virgin , and her Presentation in the Temple (all found already in the Menologion of Basil II ), and the Dormition. A codified narrative cycle based on the Protoevangelion appears in sidechapels of churches (e.g., Hagia Sophia in Kiev ). The late 11th–12th C. saw the expansion of this cycle (e.g., in the exceptional, 63-scene illumination of the homilies of James of Kokkinobaphos ) and its transfer into the naos of churches dedicated to the Virgin, traceable from Daphni (five scenes in the...

Women

Women   Reference library

Judith Herrin, Alexander Kazhdan, and Anthony Cutler

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,908 words

...are parodies of human form (e.g., martyrs in the Menologion of Basil II , p.390). Thereafter all attempts to depict women as such disappear: in the illustrated homilies of James of Kokkinobaphos (Hutter, infra , fig.11) one of the Virgin's midwives displays a breast on her back. Like males, female nudes are utterly distorted. Hutter perceives a return to characteristically feminine figures and faces in and after those at Nerezi but, if achieved, this was never as part of a holistic attitude toward the human body. The reedlike proportions of women in much...

Manuscript

Manuscript   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
17,240 words
Illustration(s):
1

...picture cycles survive of the Homilies of Gregory Nazianzus; as his sermons have many allusions to the Bible and occasionally also to Classical literature, they provided varied scope for illustration. Another collection of homilies, that of James of Kokkinobaphos, is found in luxury illuminated copies. (c) ‘Scientific’. Scientific or pseudo-scientific texts had a long tradition of illustration beginning in antiquity. Medical illustrated books, such as herbals, guides to phlebotomy and the practice of surgery, and the Tacuinum sanitatis...

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