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James Mill

Subject: Philosophy

(1773–1836) Scottish philosopher, economist, and man of letters. Born in Forfar, Mill was educated at Edinburgh university. Working in London first as a free-lance journalist, ...

Mill, James

Mill, James (1773–1836)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
55 words

..., James ( 1773–1836 ) Scottish philosopher , father of John Stuart Mill . Mill became a friend of Jeremy Bentham , and together they evolved the doctrine of utilitarianism . He wrote an Analysis of the Phenomena of the Human Mind ( 1829 ) and, among other works, a multi-volume history of the East India Company, for which he...

Mill, James

Mill, James (1773–1836)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., James ( 1773–1836 ) British Utilitarian philosopher and historian Commerce Defended ( 1807 ) Non-Fiction The History of British India ( 1817 ) Non-Fiction Elements of Political Economy ( 1821 ) ...

Mill, James

Mill, James (1773–1836)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
183 words

..., James ( 1773–1836 ) Scottish philosopher , economist , and man of letters. Born in Forfar, Mill was educated at Edinburgh university. Working in London first as a freelance journalist, and subsequently for the East India Company, Mill became friendly with Bentham and grew to be a leading member of the ‘philosophical radicals’, the liberal and predominantly utilitarian group that included John Austin and the economist David Ricardo ( 1772–1823 ). Although most of his writing is an application of utilitarian principles to practical subjects such...

Mill, James

Mill, James   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
75 words

..., James ( 1773–1836 ). Utilitarian philosopher. Son of a Scottish shoemaker, educated at Edinburgh University, Mill became an itinerant preacher but lost faith and came to London in 1802 to work as a journalist. He fell under the influence of Jeremy Bentham and developed his ideas into a coherent philosophy, substituting strict puritanical morality for Bentham's hedonism. Mill rather than Bentham formulated the distinctive ‘ philosophical radicalism’ of the 19th‐cent. British...

Mill, James

Mill, James (1773–1836)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of British Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
3,821 words

...A.L. , ‘James Mill: The Formation of a Scottish Emigre Writer’, unpublished D Phil thesis, University of Sussex (1972). Mazlish, B. , James and John Stuart Mill: Father and Son in the Nineteenth Century (New York, 1975). Mill, J.S. , Autobiography of John Stuart Mill , 2nd edn (1873). Ricardo, D. , The Works and Correspondence of David Ricardo , ed. P. Sraffa and M. Dobbs , 11 vols (Cambridge, 1951–1973). Ruffin, R.J. , ‘ David Ricardo ’, History of Political Economy (2002), vol. 34, no. 4, Winter, pp. 727–48. Thweatt, W.O. , ‘ James Mill and the...

Mill, James

Mill, James (1773–1836)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
186 words

..., James ( 1773–1836 ) Scottish historian , economist , and philosopher , born near Forfar, the son of a shoemaker. Educated for the ministry, he came to London in 1802 and took up journalism. His History of British India ( 1817 ) secured a well-paid post with the East India Company. Associated with Jeremy Bentham and David Ricardo ( 1772–1823 ), whose views in philosophy and political economy he adopted, Mill published Elements of Political Economy in 1821 , Analysis of the Phenomena of the Human Mind in 1829 , and Fragment on...

Mill, James

Mill, James (1773–1836)   Quick reference

John Halliday

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
361 words

..., James ( 1773–1836 ) Born in the north‐east of Scotland, the son of a mild‐mannered shoemaker and smallholder, James Mill was subjected to a rigorous and detailed education at home, driven by the strong ambitions of his mother Isabel Milne . He showed considerable talent for composition, arithmetic, and Latin and Greek before the age of 7, and was given special treatment at the local parish school. His mother kept him away from other children as far as possible, and he was usually excused household chores. He was licensed to preach in 1798 and also...

Mill, James

Mill, James (1773–1836)   Reference library

E. A. Smith

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
138 words

..., James ( 1773–1836 ) . Utilitarian philosopher. Son of a Scottish shoemaker, educated at Edinburgh University, Mill became an itinerant preacher but lost his faith and came to London in 1802 to work as a hack journalist. He fell under the influence of Jeremy Bentham and developed his ideas into a coherent philosophy, substituting strict puritanical morality for Bentham’s hedonism. Mill rather than Bentham formulated the distinctive ‘philosophical radicalism’ of the 19th-cent. British utilitarians. He contributed ideas on education, political...

Mill, James

Mill, James   Reference library

Richard L. Gregory

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
125 words

..., James ( 1773–1836 ). British writer and political economist , born near Forfar, Scotland, and educated for the ministry at Edinburgh. In 1802 he moved to London to start a literary career, editing and writing for various periodicals. He also worked for the East India Company after writing a History of British India ( 1818 ). Having written Elements of Political Economy ( 1821–2 ) he produced Analysis of the Phenomena of the Human Mind in 1829 and A Fragment on Mackintosh ( 1835 ). He was closely associated with Jeremy Bentham and was one...

Mill, James

Mill, James (1773–1836)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., James ( 1773–1836 ), philosopher , economist , and radical controversialist . One of the leading exponents of *utilitarianism , Mill played an important role in popularizing Jeremy *Bentham 's ideas and acted as a teacher and guide to a younger generation of philosophical radicals, which included his own son, John Stuart *Mill , as well as such figures as David *Ricardo and Francis *Place . Mill was trained at Edinburgh as a Presbyterian minister, but agnosticism led him to give up the clergy. He became a freelance writer in London, facing financial...

Mill, James

Mill, James (1773–1836)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,074 words

..., James ( 1773–1836 ) James Mill was born in Northwater Bridge, Forfarshire (Angus) on 6 April 1773 and died in London on 23 June 1836 of ‘pulmonary phthisis’ (tuberculosis). His father, James Mill , was a shoemaker employing two or three men in a country business, and had worked previously in Edinburgh. He was said to be financially comfortable, industrious, good-natured and devout. His wife, Isabel Fenton , a farmer's daughter from Kirriemuir in Forfarshire, was born there in 1755 , one of three children. She married James Mill in 1772 , having...

Mill, James

Mill, James   Reference library

Ross Harrison

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
151 words

..., James ( 1773–1836 ). Scottish thinker who, after being educated at Edinburgh University, came to London and worked for a considerable time as assistant and publicist for Bentham. Most famous for the strenuously intellectual education to which he subjected his more famous son, John Stuart Mill , he wrote influential pamphlets on education and government from a utilitarian point of view, as well as a thoroughgoing associationist psychology, The Analysis of the Phenomena of the Human Mind of 1829 (which was later republished with extensive notes by his...

James Mill

James Mill  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1773–1836)Scottish philosopher, economist, and man of letters. Born in Forfar, Mill was educated at Edinburgh university. Working in London first as a free-lance journalist, and subsequently for the ...
Mills, John James

Mills, John James (1888–1966)   Reference library

Veront Milton Satchell

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,108 words

...Mills, John James ( 1888–1966 ), educator , trade unionist , public servant , and distinguished freemason , was born on 9 January 1888 , in Penshurst, a small rural peasant village in the hilly interior of St. Ann Parish, Jamaica. He was the third child of John W. Mills, a farmer, and Laura Ada Mills (née Maxwell), a housewife. Mills obtained his early education at the neighboring Sturge Town elementary school. He was identified as a brilliant student, and after graduating from school, at the normal age of 14, the principal invited Mills to return to...

History

History   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,067 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...new Catholic perspective on the subject was opened up by John Lingard 's ( 1771–1851 ) History of England ( 1819–30 ). Henry Hallam 's ( 1777–1859 ) View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages ( 1818 ) became an important touchstone for Victorian medievalism, as James *Mill 's History of British India ( 1817 ) was to be for later writings on the colonization of South Asia. Histories were also produced by writers better known for work in other fields: William *Cobbett 's History of the Protestant Reformation in England and Ireland ( 1824–7 ),...

Political Economy

Political Economy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,138 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...with the general aim of embourgeoisement . On the other main solution to the population–subsistence equation—repeal of the *corn laws —the analytical and political running was made by Ricardo and his followers, John Ramsay McCulloch ( 1789–1864 ), James *Mill , and his precocious son John Stuart *Mill ; though outside this tight circle others had reached similar conclusions on the basis of Smith's more straightforward case for free trade. Ricardo 's Principles of Political Economy , first published in 1817 , was an elaboration of a deductive model of...

Painting

Painting   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,778 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...outside the clogged, mixed, and ever-expanding metropolis. Paintings such as John *Constable 's Flatford Mill of 1817 , exhibited at the Royal Academy and the British Institution, or the views of the Thames exhibited by J. M. W. *Turner in his London gallery during the first decade of the nineteenth century, exemplify this dualized representation of the landscape. Constable's canvas invites our eye to travel along the pathways of a working mill and water-way on our left, and to potter around the picturesque foreground on our right. Contemporary writings...

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,949 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...expansion of the Bank of England ( 1788–1833 ), which added new offices for the administration of the *national debt and paper money supply. For commercial and industrial architecture the war posed no impediment: new docks, warehouses, exchanges, markets, customs houses, mills, foundries, warehouses, and *factories were built throughout the country. Socially, the war years had two distinct consequences for architecture. On the one hand, the disruptions of war, *industrialization [14] , and urbanization prompted government and charities to erect...

Education

Education   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,267 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Thomas *Day , Richard *Edgeworth , and Maria *Edgeworth , rationalist radicals such as William *Godwin or Robert *Owen , the utilitarian philosopher James *Mill , and the Romantic poets * Coleridge and * Wordsworth . Their need to articulate these wider senses of education testifies, however, to the extent that the term or concept was now ‘commonly confined’ to schooling, as Mill complained in 1815 when composing an entry on ‘Education’ for the Encyclopaedia Britannica . His own educational concerns were often with matters of formal...

Scottish Local and Family History

Scottish Local and Family History   Quick reference

David moody

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,622 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and they have an equally practical interest in the organization of work, typified in Adam Smith's lucid analysis of the efficient production of pins by division of labour. Thus, these volumes are full of studies of such things as the layout of steadings, the workings of mill machinery, and the design of cradles. The European Ethnological Research Centre, based in the Department of Celtic and Scottish Studies, is halfway through the publication of a fourteen‐volume ‘compendium of Scottish ethnology’, e.g. Scotland's buildings ( 2003 ). The Scottish...

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