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James McNeill Whistler

(1834–1903) American painter and etcher, active mainly in England, where he was one of the key artistic figures of his period. He was celebrated as a wit and a dandy as well as ...

Whistler, James McNeill

Whistler, James McNeill (1834–1903)   Reference library

Wendy J. Katz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., James McNeill ( 1834–1903 ), artist . Although James Whistler lived abroad his entire adult life, he became well known in the United States as a publicist for the Aesthetic movement. Born in Lowell, Massachusetts, Whistler entered West Point Military Academy in 1851 . At age twenty-one, he left to study art in Paris. Moving to London in 1859 , he settled in Chelsea, an artists’ enclave, in 1863 . The White Girl ( 1862 ), rejected by the French Salon and shown instead in the scandalous Salon des Refusés, established Whistler's avant-garde...

Whistler, James McNeill

Whistler, James McNeill   Reference library

Wendy J. Katz

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
372 words

...Whistler, James McNeill ( 1834–1903 ), artist. Although James Whistler lived abroad his entire adult life, he became well-known in the United States as a publicist for the Aesthetic movement. Born in Lowell, Massachusetts, Whistler entered West Point Military Academy in 1851 . At age twenty-one, he left to study art in Paris. Moving to London in 1859 , he settled in Chelsea, an artists’ enclave, in 1863 . The White Girl ( 1862 ), rejected by the French Salon and shown instead in the scandalous Salon des Refusés, established Whistler's avant-garde...

Whistler, James McNeill

Whistler, James McNeill (11 July 1834)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
3,715 words
Illustration(s):
3

...of James McNeill Whistler (Chicago, 1909) E. G. Kennedy : The Etched Work of Whistler (New York, 1910) [ k ] A. McLaren Young , M. F. MacDonald , R. Spencer and H. Miles : The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler , 2 vols. (London and New Haven, 1980) [ ymsm ] M. F. MacDonald : James McNeill Whistler: Drawings, Pastels and Watercolours (London and New Haven, 1995) K. A. Lochnan , H. K. Statis and M. Tedeschi , eds.: The Lithographs of James McNeill Whistler , 2 vols. (Chicago, 1998) M. F. MacDonald, ed.: James McNeill Whistler: The...

Whistler, James McNeill

Whistler, James McNeill (1834–1903)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
472 words

..., James McNeill ( 1834–1903 ). American-born, French-educated, and (mainly) English-domiciled painter and etcher. In 1855 , after learning etching as a US navy cartographer, he went to Paris, where he studied under Charles Gleyre ( 1808–74 ), and acquired a lasting admiration for Velázquez , and for oriental art. He met Courbet , whose realism inspired much of his early work, but after settling in London in 1859 freed himself from this dependence. His Symphony in White No. 1: The White Girl ( 1862 ; Washington, NG) shows a relationship to ...

Whistler, James McNeill

Whistler, James McNeill   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
850 words

..., James McNeill ( b Lowell, Mass., 11 July 1834 ; d London, 17 July 1903 ). American painter, printmaker, and designer, active mainly in England. Originally he was called James Abbott Whistler , but after his mother’s death in 1881 he added her maiden name to become James Abbott McNeill Whistler for a time, and eventually he dropped the ‘Abbott’. He spent part of his childhood in Russia (where his father had gone to work as a civil engineer) and was an inveterate traveller. His training as an artist began indirectly when, after his discharge...

Whistler, James McNeill

Whistler, James McNeill (1834–1903)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
369 words

..., James McNeill ( 1834–1903 ) American painter and etcher , active mainly in England, where he was one of the key artistic figures of his period. He was celebrated as a wit and a dandy as well as an artist and he loved controversy. His art is in many respects the opposite of his often aggressive personality, being discreet and subtle, but the creed that lay behind it was radical. He believed that painting should exist for its own sake, not to convey literary or moral ideas, and he often gave his pictures musical titles to suggest an analogy with...

Whistler, James McNeill

Whistler, James McNeill   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
840 words

..., James McNeill ( b Lowell, Mass. , 11 July 1834 ; d London , 17 July 1903 ). American painter , printmaker , and designer , active mainly in England. Initially he was called James Abbott Whistler , but after his mother's death in 1881 he added her maiden name to become James Abbott McNeill Whistler for a time, and eventually he dropped the ‘Abbott’. He spent part of his childhood in Russia (where his father had gone to work as a civil engineer) and was an inveterate traveller. His training as an artist began indirectly when, after his...

James McNeill Whistler

James McNeill Whistler (1834–1903)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
215 words

...0James0McNeill James McNeill Whistler 1834 – 1903 American -born painter . On Whistler: see ruskin I am not arguing with you—I am telling you. The Gentle Art of Making Enemies (1890) not arguing with you I am telling you Nature is usually wrong. Mr Whistler's ‘Ten O'Clock’ (1885) nature is usually wrong Nature is usually wrong I maintain that two and two would continue to make four, in spite of the whine of the amateur for three, or the cry of the critic for five. Whistler v. Ruskin. Art and Art Critics (1878) two and two would continue...

James McNeill Whistler

James McNeill Whistler (1834–1903)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
197 words

...0JamesMcNeill James McNeill Whistler 1834 – 1903 American -born painter I am not arguing with you—I am telling you. The Gentle Art of Making Enemies (1890) not arguing with you I am telling you I maintain that two and two would continue to make four, in spite of the whine of the amateur for three, or the cry of the critic for five. Whistler v. Ruskin. Art and Art Critics (1878) two and two would continue to make whine of the amateur for three cry of the critic for five No, I ask it for the knowledge of a lifetime. in his case against ...

James McNeill Whistler

James McNeill Whistler (18341903)   Reference library

Brewer's Famous Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
284 words

...James McNeill Whistler 1834 1903 American painter Oscar Wilde I wish I had said that. Whistler You will, Oscar, you will. Quoted in L.C. Ingleby, Oscar Wilde (1907), and Douglas Sladen, Twenty Years of My Life (1915). Sladen says that the exchange was in response to a remark by a woman that Wilde had rather taken a fancy to, but Hesketh Pearson, The Life of Oscar Wilde (1946), states, more convincingly, that it was something said by Whistler himself that Wilde was obviously going to make his own. In Frank Harris, Oscar Wilde, His Life and...

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill (1834–1903)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
85 words

..., James Abbott McNeill ( 1834–1903 ) US painter and etcher who lived and worked in England from 1859 . He was a precursor of abstract art . For Whistler, the artist's duty was to select elements from nature to create a harmonious composition that, like music, existed for its own sake. His most famous painting is the portrait of his mother, entitled Arrangement in Gray and Black ( 1872 ). Other works include Chelsea: Nocturne in Blue and Green ( c .1870 ). He also produced some 400 plates of...

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill (1834–1903)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
179 words

..., James Abbott McNeill ( 1834–1903 ) American painter . His most famous works are the Nocturnes , paintings of the Thames at dusk. George du Maurier 's Trilby describes his bohemian life as a student in Paris ( 1855–9 ). Whistler moved to London in 1859 ; as a neighbour of Dante Gabriel Rossetti , he mixed in Pre-Raphaelite circles, and discussed his ideas on art with A. C. Swinburne ; he was at the centre of the Aesthetic movement . In 1877 John Ruskin attacked him for ‘flinging a pot of paint into the public's face’; Whistler sued...

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
108 words

..., James Abbott McNeill ( 1834–1903 ). Painter and etcher , born in Massachusetts. Dismissed from West Point, Whistler joined the US navy, where as a cartographer he learned etching and decided on a career in art. He went to Paris in 1855 before settling in London in 1859 , where he enjoyed an early success, not only for his art but also for his flamboyant life‐style. In 1877 he sued Ruskin for libel and although he won his case and was awarded one farthing in damages, the expenses bankrupted him. His later life saw both artistic and financial...

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill (1834–1903)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,370 words

...dimension. However, Whistler raised important questions about the conditions within which the sense of visual harmony can be articulated, both in practice and in theory. Bibliography Wilde versus Whistler, being an acrimonious correspondence on art between Oscar Wilde and James McNeill Whistler (1906). The Gentle Art of Making Enemies (1967). The Correspondence of Charles Lang Freer and James McNeill Whistler 1890–1903 , ed. L. Merrill (Washington, 1994). Further Reading Merrill, L. , A Pot of Paint: Aesthetics on Trial in Whistler versus Ruskin ...

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill (10 July 1834)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of British Graphic Artists and Illustrators

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,277 words
Illustration(s):
1

...: James McNeill Whistler: Beyond the Myth , Carroll & Graf, New York, 1995. Dorment, Richard / MacDonald, Margaret F. , et al.: James McNeill Whistler , H.N. Abrams, New York, 1995. Merrill, Linda (ed.): With Kindest Regards: the Correspondence of Charles Lang Freer and James McNeill Whistler 1890-1903 , Freer Gall. of Art, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington DC, 1995. Lenaud Lechien, Isabelle : Whistler, le peintre et le polémiste , Éd. de l’Amateur, Paris, 1995. Stratis, Harriet K. / Tedeschi, Martha (ed.): ‘Lithographs of James McNeill Whistler’...

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill (1834–1903)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
322 words

..., James Abbott McNeill ( 1834–1903 ) An American painter , who moved between Paris and London. He was first influenced by the realism of Gustave Courbet ( 1819–77 ), but later emphasized that a painting is ‘an arrangement of line, form and colour first’. His most famous works are the Nocturnes , paintings of the Thames at dusk. George du Maurier 's Trilby describes his bohemian life as a student in Paris ( 1855–9 ). Whistler moved to London in 1859 ; as a neighbour of Dante Gabriel Rossetti , he mixed in Pre-Raphaelite circles, and...

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill (1834–1903)   Reference library

June Cochrane

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
157 words

..., James Abbott McNeill ( 1834–1903 ) . Painter and etcher, born in Massachusetts. Dismissed from West Point, Whistler joined the US navy, where as a cartographer he learned etching and decided on a career in art. He went to Paris in 1855 before settling in London in 1859 , where he enjoyed an early success, not only for his art but also for his flamboyant life-style. Often controversial, he conducted a number of campaigns against both critics and public. In 1877 he sued Ruskin for libel and although he won his case and was awarded one farthing in...

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill (1834–1903)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,992 words

... http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection?who=Whistler%2c+James+McNeill%24James+McNeill+Whistler&pg=1#!?q=%22james%20mcneill%20whistler%22&perPage=20&sortBy=Relevance&sortOrder=asc&offset=0&pageSize=0 Images ...

James McNeill Whistler 1834–1903

James McNeill Whistler 1834–1903   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
76 words

...0JamesMcNeill999 James McNeill Whistler 1834–1903 I have seen, and heard, much of Cockney impudence before now; but never expected to hear a coxcomb ask two hundred guineas for flinging a pot of paint in the public's face. on Whistler 's Nocturne in Black and Gold John Ruskin 1819 – 1900 English art and social critic Fors Clavigera (1871–84) Letter 79, 18 June 1877; see Whistler Cockney impudence flinging a pot of paint in the public's ...

Whistler, James McNeill

Whistler, James McNeill   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
41 words

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