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James Madison

(1751–1836) US Democratic Republican statesman, 4th President of the USA (1809–17). Before taking office, he played a leading part in drawing up the US Constitution (1787) and ...

Madison, James

Madison, James   Reference library

J. C. A. Stagg

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
985 words

...Lance. The Sacred Fire of Liberty: James Madison and the Founding of the Federal Republic . Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1995. Ketcham, Ralph. James Madison: A Biography . New York: Macmillan, 1971. Matthews, Richard. If Men Were Angels: James Madison and the Heartless Empire of Reason . Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1995. McCoy, Drew. The Last of the Fathers: James Madison and the Republican Legacy . Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989. Rakove, Jack N. James Madison and the Creation of the American Republic ....

Madison, James

Madison, James (1751–1836)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
102 words

..., James ( 1751–1836 ) Fourth US president ( 1809–17 ). Madison was a close adviser to George Washington until, dismayed by the growing power of the executive, he broke with the Federalist Party . He became associated with Thomas Jefferson and the Democratic Republican Party . Jefferson made Madison secretary of state in 1801 , and he succeeded him as president, winning the election easily in spite of his association with the Embargo Act ( 1807 ). As president, he was unable to avoid the War of 1812 with Britain, which provoked threats of...

Madison, James

Madison, James   Reference library

J.C.A. Stagg

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
925 words

...and Constitution, Era of. Ralph Ketcham , James Madison: A Biography , 1971. J.C.A. Stagg , Mr. Madison's War: Politics, Diplomacy and Warfare in the Early American Republic, 1783–1830 , 1983. Drew McCoy , The Last of the Fathers: James Madison and the Republican Legacy , 1989. Jack N. Rakove , James Madison and the Creation of the American Republic , 1990. Lance Banning , The Sacred Fire of Liberty: James Madison and the Founding of the Federal Republic , 1995. Richard Matthews , If Men Were Angels: James Madison and the Heartless Empire of Reason ,...

MADISON, James

MADISON, James (1751–1836)   Reference library

Shane J. Ralston

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Papers of James Madison , vols. 1–10, ed. William T. Hutchinson et al. (Chicago, 1962–77); vols. 11– , ed. Robert A. Rutland et al. (Charlottesville, Virginia, 1977– ). James Madison: A Biography in His Own Words , ed. Merrill D. Peterson (New York, 1974). James Madison on Religious Liberty , ed. Robert S. Alley (Buffalo, N.Y., 1985). Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 Reported by James Madison (New York, 1987). The Republic of Letters: The Correspondence between Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, 1776–1826 , ed. James M. Smith ...

Madison, James

Madison, James (1751–1836)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...nor the threat of war to endanger republicanism or personal rights. [See also Canada, U.S. Military Involvement in ; Civil Liberties and War ; Commander in Chief, President as ; War of 1812. ] Ralph Ketcham , James Madison, A Biography , 1971. John Stagg , Mr. Madison's War , 1983. Lance Banning , The Sacred Fire of Liberty: James Madison and the Founding of the Federal Republic , 1995. Stuart...

Madison, James

Madison, James (1751–1836)   Reference library

Quentin Taylor

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Thomas ; Political Culture ; Political Science ; Political Thought ; Republicanism ; and Washington, George . ] Bibliography Gutzman, Kevin . James Madison and the Making of America . New York: St. Martin's Press, 2012. Matthews, Richard K. If Men Were Angels: James Madison and the Heartless Empire of Reason . Lawrence: Kansas University Press, 1995. McCoy, Drew . The Last of the Fathers: James Madison and the Republican Legacy . New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989. Quentin...

Madison, James

Madison, James (1751–1836)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
57 words

..., James ( 1751–1836 ) US Democratic Republican statesman , 4th President of the USA ( 1809–17 ). Before taking office, he played a leading part in drawing up the US Constitution ( 1787 ) and proposed the Bill of Rights ( 1791 ). His presidency saw the US emerge successfully from the War of 1812 against Britain....

Madison, James

Madison, James (1751–1836)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., James ( 1751–1836 ) 4th president of the United States ( 1809–17 ), and a major framer of the Constitution born in King George County, Virginia . An outspoken proponent of civil and religious liberties, Madison was involved in the Revolution from its earliest days. As a Confederation congressman ( 1780–83 ; 1878–89 ) and member of the Virginia state legislature, he acquired a reputation for mastery of legislative business and defender of individual liberties against the tyranny of the majority. Madison believed firmly in the need for a strong...

Madison, James

Madison, James (1751–1836)   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
332 words

..., James ( 1751–1836 ) US politician and political theorist . Madison entered Virginia politics in 1776 and national politics in 1780 . He was instrumental in setting up the Constitutional Convention of 1787 and played a large role both in writing the Constitution and in its defence in The Federalist Papers , written jointly with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay . In his successful campaign to persuade Virginia to ratify the Constitution, he promised to promote amendments to it protecting individual rights against the state: these became part...

MADISON, James

MADISON, James (1749–1812)   Reference library

Kenneth Howell

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., James ( 1749–1812 ) James Madison was an older cousin of U.S. President James MADISON , a president of the College of William and Mary, and the first Bishop of the Episcopal Church in Virginia. Madison was born on 27 August 1749 in Port Republic near Staunton, Virginia, the son of John Madison and Agatha (Strother) Madison. He spent his formative years at “Madison Hall,” a plantation located in Augusta County (present-day Rockingham County) that his father purchased in 1751 . Completing the traditional education afforded the children of the...

Madison, James

Madison, James (1751–1836)   Reference library

J. C. A. Stagg

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Virginia's American Revolution: from Dominion to Republic, 1776–1840 . Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2007. Kernell, Samuel . James Madison: The Theory and Practice of Republican Government . Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2003. Vile, John R. , William D. Pederson , and Frank J. Williams . James Madison: Philosopher, Founder, and Statesman . Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2008. Wills, Garry . James Madison . New York: Macmillan, 2002. J. C. A....

Madison, James

Madison, James (16 Mar. 1751)   Reference library

Robert A. Rutland and Steven R. Boyd

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,044 words

...state and throughout the South in insisting that neither nullification nor secession were constitutional under the system of law he helped establish nearly fifty years earlier. William T. Hutchinson et. al., eds. The Papers of James Madison (1962–). Ralph Ketcham , James Madison: A Biography (1971). Jack N. Rakove , James Madison and the Creation of the American Republic (1990). Charles Warren , The Supreme Court in United States History , 2 vols. (1922). Robert A. Rutland ; revised by Steven R....

Madison, James

Madison, James   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,667 words

...Irving Brant , James Madison (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1961). Ralph Ketcham , James Madison: A Biography (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1990). Jack N. Rakove , James Madison and the Creation of the American Republic (Glenview, Ill.: Scott, Foresman, 1990). Robert A. Rutland , James Madison: The Founding Father (New York: Macmillan,...

Madison, James

Madison, James (1751–1836)   Reference library

Ralph Ketcham

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of the American Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...2006). Further Reading Banning, Lance . The Sacred Fire of Liberty: James Madison and the Founding (Ithaca and London, 1995). Brant, Irving . James Madison , 6 vols (Indianapolis and New York, 1941–61). Ketcham, Ralph . James Madison, A Biography (New York, 1971, 1991). McCoy, Drew . The Last of the Founders: James Madison and the Republican Legacy (Cambridge, MA, 1989). Rakove, Jack . James Madison and the Creation of the American Republic (Glenview, IL, 1990). Ralph Ketcham The Maxwell School, Syracuse University See also:...

Madison, James

Madison, James (1751–1836)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
2,473 words

...his constitutional thinking. Hobson, Charles . The Negative on State Laws: James Madison, the Constitution, and the Crisis of Republican Government. William and Mary Quarterly 36 (1979), 215–235. Calls attention to the critical role that the negative on state laws played in Madison's original thinking about the problem of federalism. Ketcham, Ralph . James Madison: A Biography . Charlottesville, Va., 1971. Best one-volume biography. Mccoy, Drew . The Last of the Fathers: James Madison and the Republic Legacy . New York and Cambridge, 1989. Moving portrait of...

Madison, James

Madison, James (1751–1836)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
380 words

...plunged the country, “Mr. Madison's War,” and blamed him for its inefficient prosecution. Not a single American aim was achieved, and, had it not been for the late victories at Baltimore, Plattsburg, Lake Erie, and New Orleans, he would have been extremely unpopular. Before his retirement, he inaugurated policies of internal improvement and a protective tariff. The most complete account of his administration is contained in Henry Adams 's History of the United States During the Administrations of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison (9 vols., 1889–91 ). A...

Madison, James

Madison, James (1749–1812)   Reference library

Robert E. Brown

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of the American Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

..., James ( 1749–1812 ) James Madison, cousin to the fourth president of the United States, was a prominent Anglican cleric in Virginia. He matriculated to the College of William and Mary in 1768 , graduating in 1771 with high honors and winning the Botetourt Medal. He studied for (reading with George Wythe) and was admitted to the bar, but did not enter into practice. He subsequently taught at the College ( 1773–5 ) as professor of natural philosophy and mathematics. In 1775 he traveled to England and received orders in the church, before returning...

James Madison

James Madison (1751–1836)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
354 words

...(ed.) Selected Writings of James Madison (2006) their own food most truly independent independent and happy No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare. Political Observations 20 April 1795, in R. Ketcham (ed.) Selected Writings of James Madison (2006) No nation could preserve preserve its freedom midst of continual warfare The advancement and diffusion of knowledge…is the only guardian of true liberty. letter to George Thomson, 30 June 1825, Letters and other Writings of James Madison (1865) vol. 3 diffusion of...

James Madison

James Madison (1751–1836)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
361 words

...Writings of James Madison (2006) their own food most truly independent independent and happy No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare. Political Observations [pamphlet published in Philadelphia] 20 April 1795, in R. Ketcham (ed.) Selected Writings of James Madison (2006) No nation could preserve preserve its freedom midst of continual warfare The advancement and diffusion of knowledge…is the only guardian of true liberty. letter to George Thomson, 30 June 1825, Letters and other Writings of James Madison (1865) vol....

James Madison

James Madison (1751–1836)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
362 words

...0James James Madison 1751 – 1836 American Democratic Republican statesman ; 4th President of the US, 1809–17 Liberty is to faction what air is to fire, an aliment without which it instantly expires. But it could not be less folly to abolish liberty, which is essential to political life, because it nourishes faction than it would be to wish the annihilation of air, which is essential to animal life, because it imparts to fire its destructive agency. The Federalist (1787) liberty is to faction Liberty is to faction The diversity in the faculties of...

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