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James Joyce

Subject: Literature

(1882–1941), novelist, born at Rathgar, Dublin, educated at University College, Dublin, where Gogarty was a fellow student. Early influences included Gerhard Hauptmann, Dante, G. ...

Joyce, James

Joyce, James (1882–1941)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
89 words

..., James ( 1882–1941 ) Irish novelist . In 1904 Joyce renounced Catholicism and left Ireland to live and work in Europe. Joyce's experiments with narrative form place him at the centre of literary modernism . His debut was the short-story collection Dubliners ( 1914 ). A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man ( 1916 ) was a fictionalized autobiography of Stephen Daedalus . His masterpiece, the novel Ulysses ( 1922 ), presents a day (June 16, 1904 ) in the life of Leopold Bloom . Finnegan's Wake ( 1939 ) is an allusive mix of Irish history...

Joyce, James

Joyce, James (1882–1941)   Reference library

Tom Matheson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

..., James ( 1882–1941 ), Irish writer . In the novel Ulysses (published by Shakespeare and Company, 1922 ), chapter IX (Scylla and Charybdis) is set in the director’s office of the National Library in Dublin. The hero, Stephen Dedalus , discusses Shakespeare with the poet George Russell (AE), John Eglinton , and the librarian Lyster. Following the Danish critic Georg Brandes , Joyce (through Stephen) ironically ‘proves by algebra that Hamlet’s grandson is Shakespeare’s grandfather and that he himself is the ghost of his own father’. In fact,...

Joyce, James

Joyce, James (1882–1941)   Reference library

Bernard O'Donoghue

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...of his grandson ( 1932 ), Poems Penyeach ( 1927 ) collects the rest of Joyce's poetic output. These thirteen poems illustrate Joyce's enduring taste for the nostalgic ( * Pound told him they were not worth publishing), and ‘Tilly’ is the only one which is much anthologized. The best guide to Joyce's poems is Richard Ellmann , James Joyce (revd. edn., Oxford University Press, 1982 ). They are included in R. Ellmann , A. Walton Litz , and John Whittier-Ferguson (eds.), James Joyce: Poems and Shorter Writings (Faber, 1991 ). Bernard O'Donoghue...

Joyce, James

Joyce, James (1882–1941)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
213 words

..., James ( 1882–1941 ), novelist. Joyce 's father was a middle‐class Parnellite activist whose gentlemanly pretensions contrasted with the squalor he inflicted on his family. Joyce was expected to restore the family fortunes. In Jesuit schools and University College he mixed with aspiring Catholic professionals who shaped the ethos of the new Irish state. Though fascinated by scholasticism and the Catholic liturgy, Joyce rejected faith as conformism, asserting artistic individuality at all costs. In 1904 he left Ireland for the Continent, returning seldom...

Joyce, James

Joyce, James (1882–1941)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
428 words

..., James ( 1882–1941 ) Writer , born in Dublin, and educated at Jesuit schools. A good linguist, in 1901 he wrote a letter of profound admiration in Dano‐Norwegian to Henrik Ibsen . Other early influences included Gerhart Hauptmann , Dante , George Moore , and W. B. Yeats . Dissatisfied with the narrowness and bigotry of Ireland, as he saw it, Joyce went to Paris for a year in 1902 , where he discovered the novel Les Lauriers sont coupés ( 1888 ) by Édouard Dujardin ( 1861–1949 ), which he was later to credit as the source of his own use of ...

Joyce, James

Joyce, James (2 Feb. 1882)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
93 words

..., James [ Augustine ] (b. Dublin , 2 Feb. 1882 ; d. Zurich , 13 Jan. 1941 ) Poet , novelist and playwright . Exiles , an Ibsenite drama set in suburban Dublin, was published in 1918 and has been performed internationally. Many stage adaptations of his prose works have been produced, including Ulysses in Nighttown by Marjorie Barkentin ( 1958 ), The Voice of Shem by Marv Manning ( 1961 ), Bloomsday by Alan McClelland ( 1966 ), Stephen D by Hugh Leonard ( 1962 ) and Joycity by Ulick O'Connor ( 1989 ). He appears as a character...

Joyce, James

Joyce, James   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
104 words

..., James ( 1882–1941 ). High priest of modernism and most uncompromising of novelists. The short stories of Dubliners ( 1914 ) chapter the moral history of his country ‘in a style of scrupulous meanness’. In A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man ( 1916 ) he set an ironical distance between himself and the catholicism and aestheticism of his youth. The major work Ulysses ( 1922 ) chronicles a single day in June 1904 but was eight years in the writing and passed the censors only in 1933 . In the still more experimental Finnegans Wake he goes where...

Joyce, James

Joyce, James   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
7,940 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Joyce . Cambridge, U.K., 2000. Essays on Joyce in the context of Ireland's relationship to the British Empire. Beja, Morris . James Joyce: A Literary Life . Columbus, OH, 1992. A short account of Joyce's life and major works. Ellmann, Richard . James Joyce . Rev. ed. New York, 1982. The standard biography, full of illuminating and entertaining detail. Kenner, Hugh . Dublin's Joyce (1955). Repr. New York, 1987. A scintillating commentary by one of Joyce's most influential critics. Leonard, Garry . Advertising and Commodity Culture in Joyce ....

Joyce, James

Joyce, James (1882–1941)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
697 words

..., James ( 1882–1941 ) Writer , born at West Rathgar, Dublin, and educated ( 1888–91 ) at the Jesuit boarding school Clongowes Wood College, near Clane, Co. Kildare, and, from 1893 , at the Jesuit day‐school Belvedere College, Dublin, and subsequently at the Royal University of Ireland ( 1898–99 ) and at University College, Dublin ( 1899–1902 ). A good linguist, from an early age, he read and studied widely, and in 1901 wrote a letter of profound admiration in Dano‐Norwegian to Henrik Ibsen . Other early influences included Gerhart Hauptmann , Dante...

Joyce, James

Joyce, James   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., James [ James Augustine Aloysius Joyce ] ( 1882–1941 ) married ( 1931 ) Nora Joseph Barnacle ( 1884–1951 ). Born in Dublin, he was educated at the Jesuit schools, Clongowes Wood and Belvedere College, and University College Dublin. His first published work was an essay on Henrik Ibsen ( 1828–1906 ) in the Fortnightly Review ( Apr. 1900 ). He lived in Paris after graduating; in 1904 , after a return to Ireland, he left permanently for the Continent with Nora Barnacle, moving from Zurich to Pola and finally Trieste, where he taught English. There...

Joyce, James

Joyce, James   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., James ( James Augustine Aloysius Joyce ) ( 1882–1941 ), Irish novelist, short-story writer , and poet , born in Dublin, educated, despite his father's declining fortunes, at Jesuit schools: Clongowes Wood College, Co. Kildare, and Belvedere College, Dublin where he, in turn, considered the priesthood and rejected the Roman Catholic faith. Attending University College, Dublin, to read modern languages, he wandered from the curriculum, developed an aesthetic based upon his interpretation of Aquinas, and chose to have no part with either Irish...

Joyce, James

Joyce, James (1882–1941)   Reference library

John Saunders

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
145 words

..., James ( 1882–1941 ) . High priest of modernism and most uncompromising of novelists. The short stories of Dubliners ( 1914 ) chapter the moral history of his country ‘in a style of scrupulous meanness’. In A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man ( 1916 ) he set an ironical distance between himself and the catholicism and aestheticism of his youth before escaping to a life of cunning and exile on the continent. The major work, Ulysses ( 1922 ), chronicles a single day in June 1904 but was eight years in the writing and passed the censors only in ...

James Joyce

James Joyce (1882–1941)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
35 words

...0James James Joyce 1882 – 1941 Irish novelist Poor Parnell! he cried loudly. My dead king! A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916) ch. 1 Poor Parnell My dead king My dead ...

James Joyce

James Joyce (1882–1941)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
677 words

...0James James Joyce 1882 – 1941 Irish novelist His soul swooned slowly as he heard the snow falling faintly through the universe and faintly falling, like the descent of their last end, upon all the living and the dead. Dubliners (1914) ‘The Dead’ soul swooned slowly snow falling faintly Dear, dirty Dublin. Dubliners (1914) ‘A Little Cloud’ dear , dirty Dublin Dear, dirty Dublin Dear, dirty Dublin riverrun, past Eve and Adam's, from swerve of shore to bend of bay, brings us by a commodious vicus of recirculation back to Howth Castle and...

James Joyce

James Joyce (1882–1941)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
908 words

...0James James Joyce 1882 – 1941 Irish novelist , whose novel Ulysses (1922) revolutionized the structure of the modern novel and developed the stream-of-consciousness technique . On Joyce: see lawrence , woolf His soul swooned slowly as he heard the snow falling faintly through the universe and faintly falling, like the descent of their last end, upon all the living and the dead. Dubliners (1914) ‘The Dead’ soul swooned slowly snow falling faintly riverrun, past Eve and Adam's, from swerve of shore to bend of bay, brings us by a commodious...

James Joyce

James Joyce (1882–1941)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
1,000 words

...0James James Joyce 1882 – 1941 Irish novelist and modernist writer . On Joyce: see beckett , forster , lawrence , woolf His soul swooned slowly as he heard the snow falling faintly through the universe and faintly falling, like the descent of their last end, upon all the living and the dead. Dubliners (1914) ‘The Dead’ soul swooned slowly snow falling faintly Dear, dirty Dublin. Dubliners (1914) ‘A Little Cloud’ dear , dirty Dublin Dear, dirty Dublin Dear, dirty Dublin riverrun, past Eve and Adam's, from swerve of shore to bend of...

Joyce, James Augustine

Joyce, James Augustine (1882–1941)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
325 words

..., James Augustine ( 1882–1941 ) Irish novelist and poet. His major novel, Ulysses, developed the much discussed, and subsequently much used, unexpurgated ‘stream-of-consciousness’ style in twentieth-century novel writing. Joyce was born at Rathgar, Dublin, and received his early education from the Jesuits. He then studied modern languages at Dublin's Catholic University, graduating in 1902 . In 1904 Joyce began working on a long autobiographical novel, Stephen Hero . The material of this was eventually reworked and published as A Portrait of the...

Joyce, James Augustine Aloysius

Joyce, James Augustine Aloysius (1882–1941)   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
52 words

..., James Augustine Aloysius ( 1882–1941 ), novelist : b. Dublin ; educ. Clongowes Wood College and Dublin ; lives in Bray 1888–91 ; stays in Sandycove 1904 . Chamber Music 1907 , Dubliners 1914 , A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man 1914–15 , Ulysses 1922 , Finnegans Wake 1939 . • see also feature entry (311–12)...

Joyce, James [Augustine Aloysius]

Joyce, James [Augustine Aloysius] (1882–1941)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., James [Augustine Aloysius] ( 1882–1941 ) Irish novelist and poet Chamber Music ( 1907 ) Poetry Dubliners ( 1914 ) Fiction Short Stories Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man ( 1916 ) Fiction Exiles ( 1918 ) Drama Ulysses [printed in France] ( 1922 ) Fiction Pomes Penyeach ( 1927 ) Poetry Anna Livia Plurabelle ( 1928 ) Fiction Finnegans Wake ( 1939 ) Fiction Stephen Hero ( 1944 ) Fiction Ulysses [definitive text] ( 1986 ) ...

James Joyce and Dublin

James Joyce and Dublin   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
964 words

... Joyce and Dublin A lthough James Joyce spent most of his life and almost his entire literary career outside his native city, his works are set in Dublin and describe the city with almost obsessive meticulousness. Of his masterpiece Ulysses ( 1922 ), which he wrote over a period of seven years in Paris, Trieste, and Zurich, he is recorded as saying ‘I want…to write a novel about Dublin so complete that if the city one day suddenly disappeared from the earth, it could be reconstructed out of my book.’ Dublin is not simply a backdrop to the stories, but a...

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