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James Gillespie Birney

(b. 4 February 1792; d. 25 November 1857), abolitionist and two-time presidential candidate for the Liberty Party. James Gillespie Birney was born in Danville, Kentucky, to a ...

Birney, James Gillespie

Birney, James Gillespie   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
46 words

..., James Gillespie ( 1792–1857 ), early Southern antislavery leader, set forth his beliefs in a Letter on the Political Obligations of Abolitionists ( 1839 ), and was later nominated for the presidency by the Liberty party.⧫ His Letters have been published (2 vols., 1938...

Birney, James Gillespie

Birney, James Gillespie (b. 4 February 1792)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
966 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., James Gillespie ( b. 4 February 1792 ; d. 25 November 1857 ), abolitionist and two-time presidential candidate for the Liberty Party. James Gillespie Birney was born in Danville, Kentucky , to a slaveholding family. He attended Transylvania University in nearby Lexington, Kentucky, and eventually graduated from Princeton University in 1810 . After admittance to the bar, Birney returned to Danville to practice law and soon married into an influential Kentucky family. By the time he moved to Madison County, Alabama, in 1818 , he already owned several...

James Gillespie Birney

James Gillespie Birney  

(b. 4 February 1792; d. 25 November 1857), abolitionist and two-time presidential candidate for the Liberty Party.James Gillespie Birney was born in Danville, Kentucky, to a slaveholding family. He ...
Western Anti-slavery Society

Western Anti-slavery Society  

The Ohio State Anti-Slavery Society originated in 1835 in Zanesville, Ohio, as a result of the abolition campaign of Theodore D. Weld and other members of Cincinnati's Lane Theological Seminary. ...
Gamaliel Bailey

Gamaliel Bailey  

(b. 3 December 1807; d. 5 June 1859), white antislavery journalist and political organizer.Gamaliel Bailey was born in Mount Holly, New Jersey. His father, Gamaliel Bailey Sr., was a ...
Liberty Party

Liberty Party  

The Liberty party was organized in Warsaw, New York, in 1839 by abolitionists convinced that they must take their decade-long antislavery propaganda campaign into the polling booth to accomplish ...
Parker Pillsbury

Parker Pillsbury  

(1809–98),Massachusetts Abolitionist and woman suffrage leader, for a time edited the National Anti-Slavery Standard. His Acts of the Anti-Slavery Apostles (1883) is a history of the New England ...
Black Abolitionists

Black Abolitionists  

Historians acknowledge the existence of “two abolitionisms” in the antebellum United States—one black, one white. Although black and white abolitionists shared similar views about the moral evil of ...
American Anti-Slavery Society

American Anti-Slavery Society  

The American Anti-Slavery Society (AASS) was founded in 1833 by a small group of radicals calling for the immediate abolition of slavery. The leading spirit was William Lloyd Garrison, whose ...
Antislavery Movement

Antislavery Movement  

Frederick Douglass was perhaps the perfect embodiment of the American antislavery movement. As a young slave on a large Maryland plantation, he rebelled both physically and psychologically against ...
Western Anti-slavery Society

Western Anti-slavery Society   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
670 words

...was out of money, but it limped along through the donations of Abby Kelley Foster until 4 May 1861 , when the Anti-Slavery Bugle published its last issue. See also American Anti-Slavery Society ; Antislavery Movement ; Antislavery Press ; Bailey, Gamaliel ; Birney, James Gillespie ; Foster, Abby Kelley ; Garrison, William Lloyd ; Garrisonian Abolitionists ; Lane Theological Seminary ; and Weld, Theodore Dwight . Bibliography Gamble, Douglas Andrew . “The Western Anti-Slavery Society: Garrisonian Abolitionism in Ohio.” MA thesis, Ohio State...

Liberty Party

Liberty Party   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,012 words

...this position and lent his support to the Liberty Party. James Gillespie Birney , who had owned slaves in Kentucky before freeing them and becoming an abolitionist, became the Liberty Party's presidential candidate in 1840 . Birney left the United States soon after his nomination to attend the World Anti-Slavery Association meeting in London and conducted much of his campaign from there. In spite of his low-profile campaign, Birney garnered seven thousand votes, mostly in New York and New England. Birney ran for president again in 1844 . In this election the...

Bailey, Gamaliel

Bailey, Gamaliel (b. 3 December 1807)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
910 words

...that he make Douglass coeditor of the National Era . Yet in 1870 , long after Bailey's death, Douglass implicitly acknowledged his respect for Bailey's efforts by becoming coeditor of the New National Era . See also Antislavery Movement ; Antislavery Press ; Birney, James Gillespie ; Chase, Salmon Portland ; Douglass, Frederick ; Free-Soil Party ; Kansas-Nebraska Act ; Liberty Party ; New National Era ; Pearl Incident ; Republican Party ; Stowe, Harriet Beecher ; Uncle Tom's Cabin ; and Weld, Theodore Dwight . Bibliography Gienapp,...

Pillsbury, Parker

Pillsbury, Parker (b. 22 September 1809)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,188 words

...also American Anti-Slavery Society ; Anthony, Susan B. ; Antislavery Movement ; Birney, James Gillespie ; Crofts, Julia Griffiths ; Douglass, Frederick ; Feminist Movement ; Foster, Stephen S. ; Garrison, William Lloyd ; Garrisonian Abolitionists ; Gender ; Lowell, James Russell ; Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society ; Nantucket ; Oratory and Verbal Arts ; Perfectionism ; Stanton, Elizabeth Cady ; Suffrage, Women 's; and Temperance . Bibliography Lowell, James Russell . Collected Works . Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1896. See “Letter from Boston”...

GREEN, Beriah

GREEN, Beriah (1795–1874)   Reference library

Alexandra Perry

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Works Many of Green’s letters are with the Gerrit Smith Papers in the George Arents Research Library of Syracuse University . The Martyr: A Discourse, in commemoration of the martyrdom of the Rev. Elijah P. Lovejoy (New York, 1838). Sketches of the Life and Writings of James Gillespie Birney (Utica, N.Y., 1844). Further Reading Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV Cutler, Carroll . A History of Western Reserve College: during its first half century, 1826–1876 (Cleveland, Ohio, 1876). Friedman, Lawrence J. “ The...

Adams, John Quincy, On African Americans

Adams, John Quincy, On African Americans   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,771 words

...of the right of petition. However, he disappointed the growing abolitionist movement in the North by refusing to enlist in their ranks and appearing to accept slavery where it already existed. To hard-liners like William Lloyd Garrison and James Gillespie Birney , Adams was a weak-kneed compromiser. Birney declared, “There is no man who is doing so much … to deaden the awakening sensibilities of our countrymen against the private iniquity and public disgrace of slavery, as Mr. Adams.” Adams not only failed to join the abolitionist movement but also...

American Anti-Slavery Society

American Anti-Slavery Society   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,121 words

...of a cash bequest from a deceased abolitionist. The American Anti-Slavery Society continued to exist, trying to take on human rights issues, but finally dissolved in 1870 . See also Abolitionism ; American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society ; Antislavery Movement ; Birney, James Gillespie ; Brown, John ; Constitution, U.S. ; Douglass, Frederick ; Faneuil Hall (Boston) ; Feminist Movement ; Foster, Abby Kelley ; Free-Soil Party ; Garrison, William Lloyd ; Garrisonian Abolitionists ; Grimké, Angelina ; Grimké, Sarah ; Harpers Ferry Raid ; ...

Slavery and the U.S. Constitution

Slavery and the U.S. Constitution   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,254 words

...in political debate. In 1860 and 1864 he would support Lincoln for president. He understood that the Constitution could be used to fight slavery, even if it was still interpreted by the Supreme Court as being proslavery. See also American Anti-Slavery Society ; Birney, James Gillespie ; Chase, Salmon Portland ; Constitution, U.S. ; Dred Scott Case ; Emancipation Proclamation ; Free-Soil Party ; Fugitive Slave Law of 1793 ; Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 ; Garrison, William Lloyd ; Garrisonian Abolitionists ; Giddings, Joshua R. ; Laws and...

Black Abolitionists

Black Abolitionists   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
6,248 words

...Anti-Slavery Society ; American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society ; American Colonization Society ; American Missionary Association ; American Revolution ; Amistad ; Antislavery Movement ; Antislavery Press ; Baltimore, Maryland, Slavery in ; Bibb, Henry W. ; Birney, James Gillespie ; Black Church ; Black Nationalism ; Black Press ; Black Uplift ; Canada ; Civil Rights ; Civil War ; Civil War, Participation and Recruitment of Black Troops in ; Class ; Colonization ; Constitution, U.S. ; Cornish, Samuel ; Delany, Martin Robison ; ...

Antislavery Movement

Antislavery Movement   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
7,117 words
Illustration(s):
1

...slavery's expansion in western territories. The former-master-turned-abolitionist James Gillespie Birney received only seven thousand votes as the Liberty Party's first presidential candidate in 1840 . In 1844 the Liberty Party still garnered only sixty thousand votes but may have helped determine the outcome of the election by winning roughly fifteen thousand votes in New York, where the slaveholding Whig and presidential hopeful Henry Clay lost to the Democrat James Polk by fewer than seven thousand votes. While it is impossible to know how many...

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