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Jacquerie

A communal uprising or revolt, especially the revolt of the peasants of northern France against the nobles in 1357–8; the term is recorded from the early 16th century, and comes from Old ...

Jacquerie

Jacquerie   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
6 words

... , a peasant rising, see Peasants...

Jacquerie

Jacquerie   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
75 words

... An uprising in the *Paris basin in the summer of 1358 , named after the *peasants or ‘Jacques’ who directed their fury at the *nobles . The rebels made brief alliances with the Parisians and other towns. *Charles II ‘the Bad’ of *Navarre led the Counter- Jacquerie against the rebels. See also peasant resistance and revolts ; urban revolts . Craig Taylor D. M. Besson , ‘ The Jacquerie: Class War or Co-opted Rebellion? ’, JMH 11 (1985),...

Jacquerie

Jacquerie   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
89 words

... A rebellion of French peasants in northern France (May–June 1358), named after “Jacques Bonhomme”, the aristocrats’ nickname for a French peasant. A leader, Guillaume Karle (or Cale) emerged, and a bourgeois revolt in Paris helped the movement. The Black Death , the French defeat at Poitiers , the ravages of brigands, feudal burdens, and governmental demands for extra fortification work were all contributary causes. Castles were demolished and looted; but the rebellion was short-lived, collapsing after the execution of Karle and the massacre of a mob...

jacquerie

jacquerie noun   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
46 words

... noun E16 Old and Modern French (from male forename Jacques ). A popular rising of the peasantry. The original jacquerie was the revolt of the peasants of northern France against the nobles in 1357–58 . Jacques was the former French name for a villein or...

jacquerie

jacquerie   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... a communal uprising or revolt, especially the revolt of the peasants of northern France against the nobles in 1357–8 ; the term is recorded from the early 16th century, and comes from Old French, literally ‘villeins’, from Jacques , a given name formerly used to mean ‘peasant’ in...

jacquerie

jacquerie   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
1,323 words

... • beery , bleary, cheery, dearie, dreary, Dun Laoghaire, eerie, eyrie ( US aerie), Kashmiri, leery, peri, praemunire, query, smeary, teary, theory, weary • Deirdre • incendiary • intermediary • subsidiary • auxiliary , ciliary, domiciliary • apiary • topiary • farriery • furriery • justiciary • bestiary , vestiary • breviary • aviary • hosiery • diary , enquiry, expiry, fiery, friary, inquiry, miry, priory, spiry, wiry • podiatry , psychiatry • dowry , floury, flowery, loury, showery, towery • brewery • jewellery ( US jewelry) • ...

jacquerie

jacquerie noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
26 words
jacquerie

jacquerie noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
49 words
jacquerie

jacquerie noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
49 words
Jacquerie

Jacquerie  

A communal uprising or revolt, especially the revolt of the peasants of northern France against the nobles in 1357–8; the term is recorded from the early 16th century, and comes from Old French, ...
Buch, Jean III de Grailly, captal de

Buch, Jean III de Grailly, captal de  

(d. 1377)Gascon lord and founding member of the Order of the Garter (1348). He fought alongside Edward of Woodstock, the ‘Black Prince’, at Poitiers (1356) and Nájera (1367), and took part in the ...
Étienne Marcel

Étienne Marcel  

(1310–58)Provost of the merchants of Paris. Following the capture of King Jean II at Poitiers (1356), Marcel supported the reform proposals of Robert Le Coq, a partisan of Charles ...
peasant resistance and revolts

peasant resistance and revolts  

The best-known revolts of the MA are peasant uprisings or ones that united peasants with commoners from the towns: the revolts of Flanders (1297–1305 and 1323–8), the Jacquerie of 1358 ...
Battle of Poitiers

Battle of Poitiers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(19 September 1356)A battle between the English and French during the Hundred Years War. An English and Gascon force under Edward the Black Prince was trapped by a superior French army while raiding. ...
Charles II

Charles II  

(b. 1332) Count of Évreux (1343–87) and king of Navarre (1349–87).In 1350, Charles executed the constable of France, Raoul de Brienne, and was implicated in the assassination of his ...
Revolts

Revolts  

The Middle Ages were punctuated by episodes of collective violence against the established powers, as numerous as they were brief and doomed to failure. But the insufficiency of the evidence ...
Charles V

Charles V  

(1337–80)King of France (1364–80). He earned his nickname from his intellectual pursuits which included book-collecting and artistic patronage, his religious piety, and his cautious adoption of ...
Édouard-Victor-Antoine Lalo

Édouard-Victor-Antoine Lalo  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Lille, 1823; d Paris, 1892).Fr. composer of Sp. descent. Pubd. songs 1848–9. Played in Armingaud Qt. from 1855. Vn. conc. played by Sarasate 1874, who a year later gave f.p. of Symphonie ...
Jacques

Jacques   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...(French, ‘James’) A generic name for the French peasant, the equivalent of hodge . Jacques Bonhomme is similarly used. See also jacket . Jacquerie An insurrection of the French peasantry in 1358 , provoked by the hardships caused by the hundred years ’ war , the oppressions of the privileged classes and Charles II , the Bad, of Navarre ( r.1349–87 ). The Jacquerie committed many atrocities and savage reprisals followed. The name derives from jacques . Melancholy Jacques See under melancholy...

Buch, Jean III de Grailly, captal de

Buch, Jean III de Grailly, captal de (1377)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
63 words

...Jean III de Grailly, captal de (d. 1377 ) Gascon lord and founding member of the Order of the *Garter ( 1348 ). He fought alongside *Edward of Woodstock , the ‘Black Prince’, at *Poitiers ( 1356 ) and *Nájera ( 1367 ), and took part in the suppression of the *Jacquerie . Craig Taylor M. G. A. Vale , ‘ Grailly, Jean (III) de (d. 1377) ’, ODNB , vol. 23,...

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