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Jacobin

Subject: Literature

Originally a name of the French friars of the order of St Dominic, so called because the church of St Jacques in Paris was given to them and they built their first convent nearby. From ...

Jacobin

Jacobin   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
50 words

... Name given to the members of a political club established in 1789 , in Paris, in the old convent of the Jacobins (French Dominican friars), to maintain extreme democratic and egalitarian principles. Applied also to sympathizers with their principles, and about 1800 became a nickname for any radical political...

Jacobin

Jacobin   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
90 words

... Originally a name of the French friars of the order of St Dominic, so called because the church of Saint‐Jacques in Paris was given to them and they built their first convent near it. From them the name was transferred to the members of a political club established in 1789 , in Paris, in the old convent of the Jacobins, to maintain extreme democratic and egalitarian principles. It was applied in a transferred sense to sympathizers with their principles, and about 1800 became a nickname for any radical political...

Jacobin, The

Jacobin, The   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
23 words

...Jacobin, The ( Jakobín ) . Opera in three acts by Dvořák to a libretto by Marie Červinková-Riegrová (Prague, 1889 ; revised Prague, 1898...

Jacobin, The

Jacobin, The   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
47 words

..., The ( Jakobin [ Cz. ] ) Opera in 3 acts by Dvořák to lib. by M. Červinková‐Riegrová . Comp. 1887–8 , rev. 1897 . Prod. Prague 1889 (rev. vers. Prague 1898 ); London 1947 , Manchester and Cardiff 1980 (f. prof. Brit. ps., jointly RNCM and WNO); Washington 1979...

Jacobin Club

Jacobin Club   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
171 words

... Club The most famous of the political clubs of the French Revolution . It had its origins in the Club Breton which was established after the opening of the States-General in 1789 , and acquired its new name from its headquarters in an old Jacobin (Dominican) monastery in Paris. Its membership grew steadily and its carefully prepared policies had great influence in the National Assembly . By August 1791 it had numerous affiliated clubs and branches throughout the country. Its high subscription confined its membership to professional men who, at...

Jacobin novel

Jacobin novel   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... novel , the term often used to describe the fiction written in the service of social and political reform during the 1790s and early 1800s by novelists such as Robert *Bage , William *Godwin , Mary *Hays , Thomas *Holcroft , and Elizabeth *Inchbald . Although several of the novelists had produced fiction before the *French Revolution , anti-Jacobin writers habitually represented them as subverting church and state in the interests of French republicanism and atheism; but, if a single issue could be said to unite this diverse collection of novels, it...

Anti‐Jacobin

Anti‐Jacobin   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
83 words

...Jacobin A weekly journal which ran from November 1797 until July 1798 . Its prospectus declared its prejudices in favour of the established institutions of church and state, and its satire was directed against British radicals— Paine , Godwin , Holcroft, Thelwall—and their Whig allies, with side‐swipes at the Noble Savage, sensibility, and Gothick. Among its more memorable items is the denunciation of the Whig as ‘the friend of every country but his own’, and Canning's celebrated ‘The Friend of Humanity and the...

Anti-Jacobin

Anti-Jacobin   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
150 words

...Jacobin . A weekly journal which ran from November 1797 until July 1798 under the editorship of William Gifford . Its prospectus declared its prejudices in favour of the established institutions of church and state, and its satire was directed against British radicals— Paine , Godwin , Holcroft , Thelwall—and their Whig allies, with side-swipes at the Noble Savage, sensibility, and Gothick. The contributors included Canning , George Ellis , John Hookham Frere , and the cartoonist James Gillray . On its demise it was succeeded by a monthly periodical...

Jacobin and Anti-Jacobin Fiction

Jacobin and Anti-Jacobin Fiction   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
3,015 words

... and Anti-Jacobin Fiction The rubric “Jacobin” was applied to fiction, primarily of the 1790s, that engaged the political discourse of the period and advocated widespread reform in Britain. This fiction, dominated by the novel, was labeled “Jacobin” by the self-proclaimed “Anti-Jacobin” movement, in a provocative gesture to associate British radicals with the notoriously violent Jacobin Party during the French Revolution. The title “Jacobin” is therefore misleading. Although radical authors in Britain supported the French Revolution in its earliest days,...

Anti‐Jacobin, The

Anti‐Jacobin, The   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
51 words

...Jacobin , The ,  or Weekly Examiner ( 1797–8 ) A short‐lived but remarkable journal founded by George Canning and a group of his friends, including George Ellis and John Frere , to combat the radical views supported by the Monthly Magazine , Coleridge's Watchman , and other Jacobin ...

Anti‐Jacobin, The

Anti‐Jacobin, The (1797–8)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
186 words

...Jacobin, The or Weekly Examiner ( 1797–8 ) A short‐lived but remarkable journal founded by George Canning and a group of brilliant, high‐spirited friends, including George Ellis and John Frere , to combat the radical views supported by the Monthly Magazine , Coleridge 's Watchman , and other Jacobin influences, and to deride their supporters. Edited by William Gifford , it was a political miscellany of strongly Tory outlook, which included much brilliant parody and satire: ‘The Needy Knife‐Grinder’, a parody of Robert Southey ; ‘The Loves...

Anti-Jacobin review and newspaper

Anti-Jacobin review and newspaper   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...Jacobin review and newspaper . The Anti-Jacobin Review was founded in 1798 to take the place of the short-lived Anti-Jacobin weekly *newspaper . The latter was the brainchild of George *Canning , though the chosen editor was William *Gifford . The newspaper was the focus for the talents of a group of *Tory wits which comprised John Hookham Frere ( 1769–1846 ), George Ellis ( 1753–1815 ), and Robert Jenkinson (later Lord *Liverpool ), as well as Canning himself. The group also managed to procure the services of James *Gillray who provided...

Jacobin

Jacobin 2   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
27 words

... 2 breed of domestic pigeon with reversed feathers on the back of the neck suggesting a monk's cowl. XVII. — F. jacobine , fem. of Jacobin (see...

Jacobin

Jacobin 1   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
39 words

... 1 A Dominican (friar), orig. from the convent near the church of Saint-Jacques (L. Jacōbus ) in Paris XIV; B member of a political club established at Paris 1789 near the old Jacobin convent XVIII. — (O)F. Jacobin — medL. Jacōbīnus...

Jacobin

Jacobin   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... a member of a democratic club established in Paris in 1789 . The Jacobins were the most radical and ruthless of the political groups formed in the wake of the French Revolution, and in association with Robespierre they instituted the Terror of 1793–4 . The term was applied to the Dominicans in Old French from their church in Paris, St Jacques (Latin, Jacobus ), near which they built their first convent; the latter eventually became the headquarters of the French revolutionary...

Jacobin

Jacobin   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
124 words

... • agin , akin, begin, Berlin, bin, Boleyn, Bryn, chin, chin-chin, Corinne, din, fin, Finn, Flynn, gaijin, gin, Glyn, grin, Gwyn, herein, Ho Chi Minh, in, inn, Jin, jinn, kin, Kweilin, linn, Lynn, mandolin, mandoline, Min, no-win, pin, Pinyin, quin, shin, sin, skin, spin, therein, thin, Tientsin, tin, Tonkin, Turin, twin, underpin, Vietminh, violin, wherein, whin, whipper-in, win, within, Wynne, yin • weigh-in • lutein • lie-in • Samhain • Bowen , Cohen, Owen, throw-in • heroin , heroine • benzoin • bruin , ruin, shoo-in • Bedouin • Islwyn • ...

Jacobin

Jacobin noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
218 words
Jacobin

Jacobin noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
220 words
Jacobin

Jacobin noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
146 words
Jacobin

Jacobin noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
152 words

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