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J. R. R. Tolkien

Subject: Literature

(1892–1973) British scholar and author, whose novels The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings trilogy became international best-sellers. Tolkien was educated at King Edward ...

Tolkien, J. R.R.

Tolkien, J. R.R. (1892–1973)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
72 words

..., J. R.R. ( John Ronald Reuel Tolkien ) ( 1892–1973 ) British novelist and academic , b. South Africa. He was professor of Anglo-Saxon ( 1925–45 ) and English language and literature ( 1945–59 ) at Oxford University. Tolkien is chiefly celebrated for his novel The Hobbit ( 1937 ), the epic trilogy The Lord of the Rings ( 1954–55 ), and The Silmarillion ( 1977 ). These popular adventure stories are set in the fantasy world of Middle...

Tolkien, J. R. R.

Tolkien, J. R. R. (1892)   Reference library

eric j. morgan

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,209 words

...one of the first stories of the legendarium that Tolkien originally wrote in 1917 . bibliography Carpenter, Humphrey . J. R. R. Tolkien: A Biography . Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977. Carpenter, Humphrey , ed. The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien . Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1981. Flieger, Verlyn , and Carl F. Hostetter , eds. Tolkien’s Legendarium: Essays on The History of Middle-earth . Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2000. Jones, Leslie Ellen . Myth & Middle-earth: Exploring the Legends Behind J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit & The Lord of the Rings . Cold Spring...

Tolkien, J. R. R.

Tolkien, J. R. R. (1892–1973)([Lit.])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
98 words

..., J. R. R. [Lit.] ( 1892–1973 ) The author of fantasy novels such as The *Hobbit ( 1937 ) and the Lord of the Rings trilogy ( 1954–5 ). The climax of the latter takes place in the hostile, mountainous land of Mordor. > Mentioned in the context of fantasy literature or forbidding mountain landscapes (adjective Tolkienesque ) Next day I leave the interminable flatness of the Patagonian plain behind, for the mountains of Tierra del Fuego, which, as the plane drops out from thick cloud, looks like something out of a Tolkien novel. Sunday Herald ...

Tolkien, J. R. R.

Tolkien, J. R. R.   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
2,664 words
Illustration(s):
1

...1988) Editions Carpenter, Humphrey, ed. Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien . London, 1981. Dront, Michael D. C. Beowulf and the Critics . Tempe, AZ, 2002. Further Reading Bloom, Harold , ed. Modern Critical Interpretations: J. R. R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings . Philadelphia, 2000. Reprinting of significant and influential essays on Tolkien's epic fantasy. Carpenter, Humphrey . J. R. R. Tolkien: A Biography . London, 1977. An authoritative biography of Tolkien. Chance, Jane (Nitzsche) . Tolkien's Art: A Mythology for England . London, 1979; rev. ed.,...

Tolkien, J. R. R.

Tolkien, J. R. R. (1892–1973)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
166 words

..., J. R. R. ( John Ronald Reuel ) ( 1892–1973 ) Scholar and novelist. A member of the ‘Inklings’ group, he was Merton professor of English language and literature at Oxford University, 1945–59 , and published a number of philological and critical studies, including ‘Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics’ (in Proceedings of the British Academy , 1936 ). Alongside his scholarly career, he became internationally known for two books based on a complex mythology of his own devising: The Hobbit ( 1937 ) and its sequel The Lord of the Rings (3 vols, ...

Tolkien, J. R. R.

Tolkien, J. R. R.   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...Tales of Numenor and Middle-Earth ( 1980 ), and The Book of Lost Tales (2 volumes, 1983–5 ); the languages of human and elf and Orc quoted in the text were samples of tongues Tolkien had created. After several years of moderate sales, Tolkien's works became vastly popular and influential. Among the many studies are Humphrey Carpenter's biography J. R. R. Tolkien ( 1977 ) and T. A. Shippey's The Road to Middle-earth ( 1982...

Tolkien, J. R. R.

Tolkien, J. R. R. (1892–1973)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
265 words

..., J. R. R. ( John Ronald Reuel ) ( 1892–1973 ) Scholar and novelist . A member of the ‘Inklings’ group, he was Merton professor of English language and literature at Oxford University, 1945–59 , and published a number of philological and critical studies, including ‘Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics’ (in Proceedings of the British Academy , 1936 ). Alongside his scholarly career, he became internationally known for two books based on a complex mythology of his own devising: The Hobbit ( 1937 ) and its sequel The Lord of the Rings (3 vols...

TOLKIEN, J. R. R.

TOLKIEN, J. R. R. (1892–1973)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
1,421 words

...TOLKIEN, J. R. R. ( John Ronald Reuel ) ( 1892–1973 ) Author of the Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings . He was descended from two English midland families (the Tolkiens had a German surname, but arrived in England many generations before his birth), though he was born in Bloemfontein, South Africa, where his father was working as a bank manager. At the age of three he was brought back to England by his mother for the sake of his own and his younger brother’s health, and while they were away from Bloemfontein the father, who had remained there, died...

Tolkien, J.R.R.

Tolkien, J.R.R.   Reference library

Ralph C. Wood

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
3,343 words

...Modern Critical Interpretations: J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 2000. Boyd, Ian , and Stratford Caldecott , eds. A Hidden Presence: The Catholic Imagination of J.R.R. Tolkien . South Orange, N.J.: The Chesterton, 2003. Carpenter, Humphrey . J.R.R. Tolkien: A Biography . Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977. Flieger, Verlyn . A Question of Time: J.R.R. Tolkien’s Road to Faërie . Ashland, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1997. Flieger, Verlyn , and Carl F. Hostetter , eds. Tolkien’s Legendarium: Essays on the...

Tolkien, J. R. R.

Tolkien, J. R. R. (1892–1973)   Reference library

Suzanne Rahn

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,112 words

...Recovery, and Consolation. For Tolkien, the ‘eucatastrophe’, in which the story turns suddenly from sorrow to joy, is the defining moment of the fairy tale. Suzanne Rahn Attebery, Brian , Strategies of Fantasy (1992). Carpenter, Humphrey , Tolkien: A Biography (1977). Drout, Michael (ed.), J. R. R. Tolkien Encyclopedia: Scholarship and Critical Assessment (2006). Lobdell, Jared (ed.), A Tolkien Compass (1975). Shippey, T. A. , The Road to Middle-Earth (1983). Shippey, T. A. , J. R. R. Tolkien: Author of the Century ...

Tolkien, J. R. R.

Tolkien, J. R. R.   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
2,120 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Tolkien: A Biography . London: Unwin, 1978. Kuznets, Lois R . “Tolkien and the Rhetoric of Childhood.” In Tolkien: New Critical Perspectives , edited by Neil D. Isaacs and Rose A. Zimbardo , 150–162. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1981. Shippey, T. A . J. R. R. Tolkien: Author of the Century . London: HarperCollins, 2000. Shippey, T. A . The Road to Middle-earth . London: Allen and Unwin, 1982. Tolkien, J. R. R . The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien . Selected and edited by Humphrey Carpenter with the assistance of Christopher Tolkien . Boston:...

Tolkien, J. R. R.

Tolkien, J. R. R. (1892–1973)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,095 words

...Fantasy, Escape, Recovery, and Consolation. For Tolkien, the ‘eucatastrophe’, in which the story turns suddenly from sorrow to joy, is the defining moment of the fairy tale. SR Suzanne Rahn Attebery, Brian , Strategies of Fantasy (1992). Carpenter, Humphrey , Tolkien: A Biography (1977). Drout, Michael (ed.), J. R. R. Tolkien Encyclopedia: Scholarship and Critical Assessment (2006). Lobdell, Jared (ed.), A Tolkien Compass (1975). Shippey, T. A. , The Road to Middle-Earth (1983). —— J. R. R. Tolkien: Author of the Century ...

J. R. R. Tolkien

J. R. R. Tolkien (1892–1973)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
115 words

...0J.R.R. J. R. R. Tolkien 1892 – 1973 British philologist and writer . On Tolkien: see pratchett , film lines There and back again. subtitle of The Hobbit (1937); see jackson there and back again There and back again In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit. The Hobbit (1937), opening line In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them. The Lord of the Rings pt. 1 The Fellowship of the Ring (1954) epigraph One ring to rule...

J. R. R. Tolkien

J. R. R. Tolkien (1892–1973)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
214 words

...0J0R0R J. R. R. Tolkien 1892 – 1973 British philologist and writer . On Tolkien: see pratchett There and back again. subtitle of The Hobbit (1937) there and back again There and back again In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit. The Hobbit (1937) ch. 1, opening words In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit What has it got in its pocketses? Gollum trying to solve Bilbo's riddle The Hobbit (1937) ch. 5 got in its pocketses Never laugh at live dragons. The Hobbit (1937) ch. 12 laugh at live dragons laugh at live dragons One...

J.R.R. Tolkien

J.R.R. Tolkien (18921973)   Reference library

Brewer's Famous Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
86 words

...J.R.R. Tolkien 1892 1973 English novelist and academic Farmer Giles of Ham. Title of story (1949). ‘Farmer Giles’ as the personification of the (British) farmer possibly derives from the subject of Robert Bloomfield's poem The Farmer's Boy (1800) – although he is a labourer rather than a farmer. Coincidentally or not, Isaac Bickerstaff in The Maid of the Mill (1765) has: ‘I am determined farmer Giles shall not stay a moment on my estate, after next quarter day.’ Accordingly, ‘farmers’ is rhyming slang for piles...

J. R. R. Tolkien

J. R. R. Tolkien (1892–1973)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
305 words

...0J.R.R. J. R. R. Tolkien 1892 – 1973 British philologist and writer There and back again. subtitle of The Hobbit (1937) there and back again There and back again In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit. The Hobbit (1937) In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit What has it got in its pocketses? Gollum trying to solve Bilbo's riddle The Hobbit (1937) ch. 5 got in its pocketses Never laugh at live dragons. The Hobbit (1937) ch. 12 laugh at live dragons laugh at live dragons One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them One...

Tolkien, J. R. R.

Tolkien, J. R. R. (1892–1973)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., J. R. R. [ John Ronald Reuel Tolkien ] ( 1892–1973 ) British philologist and fantasy author Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics ( 1936 ) Non-Fiction The Hobbit; or, There and Back Again ( 1937 ) Children's Fiction Farmer Giles of Ham ( 1949 ) Children's Fiction The Fellowship of the Ring [ The Lord of the Rings part i] ( 1954 ) Fiction The Two Towers [ The Lord of the Rings part ii] ( 1954 ) Fiction The Return of the King [ The Lord of the Rings part iii] ( 1955 ) Fiction The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, and Other Verses...

Tolkien, J(ohn) R(onald) R(euel)

Tolkien, J(ohn) R(onald) R(euel) (1892–1973)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
311 words

..., J(ohn) R(onald) R(euel) ( 1892–1973 ) British scholar and author, whose novels The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings trilogy became international best-sellers. Tolkien was educated at King Edward VI School, Birmingham, and Exeter College, Oxford. From 1915 to 1918 he served with the Lancashire Fusiliers and in 1920 became reader in English Language at Leeds University, where he later held the chair ( 1924–25 ). In 1925 he returned to Oxford where he spent the rest of his life, first as Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of English Language and...

Tolkien, J. R. R.

Tolkien, J. R. R.   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
64 words
Tolkien, J. R. R.

Tolkien, J. R. R.   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
64 words

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