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Islamic Salvation Front

Subject: Religion

Algerian Islamist party (Front Islamique du Salut, FIS). Founded in 1989 by Abbasi Madani, Ali Bel Hadj, and al-Hashimi Sahnuni, the FIS eschewed democratic structures; Bel Hajj and ...

Islamic Salvation Front

Islamic Salvation Front   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics in the Middle East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
147 words

...Islamic Salvation Front Islamist political party in Algeria known also by its French acronym, FIS (Front Islamique du Salut). After widespread rioting throughout Algeria in October 1988 , the Algerian government amended the constitution to allow new political parties to operate. Founded in February 1989 , FIS aimed to Islamize Algerian society. The party developed a national support base and won a convincing victory in local elections in June 1990 over the ruling National Liberation Front ( FLN ). Despite the arrest of several leaders, FIS won the...

Islamic Salvation Front

Islamic Salvation Front   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
151 words

...Islamic Salvation Front Algerian Islamist party (Front Islamique du Salut, FIS). Founded in 1989 by Abbasi Madani , Ali Bel Hadj , and al-Hashimi Sahnuni , the FIS eschewed democratic structures; Bel Hajj and Sahnuni in particular openly opposed democracy and the national constitution. FIS holds that the religious scholar alone is permitted to interpret religion and law and provide political leadership. Equality, expressed in coeducation, gender mixing at the workplace, and universal national citizenship rights, is the evil through which the West seeks to...

Islamic Salvation Front

Islamic Salvation Front   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... Salvation Front Outlawed political party in Algeria that advocates the establishment of an Islamic state. Islam has been an important presence in Algeria since the seventh century, and during the twentieth century, Islamic groups played a critical role in the struggle against French Colonial Rule. The movement for an Islamic state in Algeria dates from this struggle, gaining momentum after 1978 , when Iranians revolted against the shah and established the Islamic Republic of Iran. In the 1980s the Islamic Salvation Front (Front Islamique du Salut, or...

Islamic Salvation Front

Islamic Salvation Front   Reference library

Jörn Thielmann

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
878 words

... Salvation Front . The Islamic Salvation Front (Front Islamique du Salut, FIS; in Arabic, Jabhat al-Islāmīya li-al-Inqādh) emerged in Algeria in the aftermath of the riots in October 1988 , which eventually led to the introduction of political pluralism by President Chadli Benjedid. The FIS was formally founded on 18 February 1989 , and was legalized in September 1989 . It soon developed strong capabilities for mass mobilization, as became evident by its organization of massive relief after the Tipasa earthquake on 29 October 1989 , when the state...

Islamic Salvation Front

Islamic Salvation Front   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,076 words

...lenders and massive street protests in 1988 , the government introduced far-reaching reforms, including a new constitution. In the Constitution of 1989 , the National Liberation Front ( FLN ) lost its status as both the sole state party and the political front for the army. A multiparty system emerged, dominated by the newly founded Islamic Salvation Front ( FIS , Front Islamique du Salut ; Arabic, Jabhat al-Inqādh al-Islāmī). The party was a coalition of gradualists and revolutionaries that demanded a sharīʿah state but agreed on little else. Its...

Islamic Salvation Front

Islamic Salvation Front  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Algerian Islamist party (Front Islamique du Salut, FIS). Founded in 1989 by Abbasi Madani, Ali Bel Hadj, and al-Hashimi Sahnuni, the FIS eschewed democratic structures; Bel Hajj and Sahnuni in ...
Ali Bel Hadj

Ali Bel Hadj  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(b. 1956)Leader in the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) of Algeria. Best known for his fiery speeches at the al-Quba and al-Sunnah mosques in Algiers. Contributed theological articles to the movement's ...
Islam in North Africa

Islam in North Africa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Islam arrived in the Maghreb soon after the death of Muhammad. Arab Muslim armies spread Islamic administration from Egypt to Tunisia by 647 and to the Atlantic by 710. The majority of the population ...
Islam in Algeria

Islam in Algeria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Ottoman Algeria enjoyed strong traditions of religious and political autonomy, and it took the French fifty-two years to conquer the country (1830–82). The combination of French colonial policies and ...
Groupe Islamique Armé

Groupe Islamique Armé  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Armed Islamic Group (GIA) was formed in the early 1980s to challenge the socialist and secular policies of Algeria's ruling elites. Following the military coup d'etat of January 1992, which put a ...
Abbasi Madani

Abbasi Madani  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(b. 1931)Algerian Islamic activist and political leader. As a member of the National Liberation Front (FLN), Madani resisted the French colonizers. He was arrested and imprisoned for eight years. ...
Islam in Libya

Islam in Libya  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Arabic-speaking Sunni Muslims of mixed Arab and Berber ancestry represent over 90 percent of the Libyan population; pockets of people practicing Berber folk religion and Sufis (primarily Sanusis) ...
Chadli Benjedid

Chadli Benjedid  

1929– Third president of Algeria.Chadli Benjedid grew up in the Annaba region of colonial Algeria, then joined the military wing of the national liberation group, the Front de Libération ...
Kabylia

Kabylia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Rugged mountainous region east of Algiers, adjacent to the Mediterranean, in Algeria. One of North Africa's most densely populated areas, it is culturally and linguistically unique. Ancient Berber ...
Benjadid Chadli

Benjadid Chadli  

(b. 14 Apr. 1929).President of Algeria 1979–92 Born into a peasant family in Bouteldja, he joined the movement for Algerian independence in 1955. As a protégé of Boumédienne, he quickly advanced ...
Sayyid Qutb

Sayyid Qutb  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1966)Egyptian literary critic, novelist, and poet who became an important Islamist thinker and activist. Brother of Muhammad Qutb. Believed that Islam is a timeless body of ideas and practices ...
one-party state

one-party state  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Those states where a single party is accorded a legal or de facto monopoly of formal political activity. This may be enforced under the constitution, or it may be a consequence of denying rival ...
Algiers

Algiers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(Al-Djazair)Capital of Algeria and centre of its political, economic, social, and cultural life. A major port, Algiers was always open to outside influences, and its modern theatre developed, like ...
Algeria

Algeria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Algeria is now much more peaceful, but its democracy is fragile and still vulnerable to occasional terrorismAlgeria has a narrow coastal plain which is regularly broken by parts of the Atlas range of ...
Mauritania

Mauritania  

A coastal country in north-west Africa, bounded by Morocco and Algeria on the north and by Mali and Senegal on the east and south.Physical.Most of Mauritania lies in the Sahara. Except in the ...

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