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Islah

Subject: Religion

Reform. Typically used to describe reform movements from the eighteenth century through the present. Based on the belief that historical misunderstandings and misinterpretations have ...

Islah

Islah   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
118 words

...Islah Reform. Typically used to describe reform movements from the eighteenth century through the present. Based on the belief that historical misunderstandings and misinterpretations have distorted the original meanings of texts, introducing harmful practices. Therefore reform consists of a return to Islam's original message, although implemented in ways consistent with changed circumstances. The thrust behind the current reform movement is the perceived need to fulfill the ethical requirements of Islam. The movement stresses continuity of the Quranic message,...

Iṣlāḥ

Iṣlāḥ   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,970 words

... . The Arabic term for “reform,” iṣlāḥ has come to denote the reform movement in the Islamic world in the last three centuries. The lexicographic and Qurʿānic origins of the word also imply meanings of “reconciliation” and, in the words of the master lexicographer Ibn Manẓūr in Lisān al-ʿArab (Arabic etymological dictionary), “the opposite of corruption.” Variants of the word appeared in the Qurʿān to refer to striving toward peace (sūrah 2.220 ) or to pious actions (sūrah 4.35 ). Among religious thinkers, or thinkers concerned about the viability of...

Tajammu al-Yamani li'l-Islah, al-

Tajammu al-Yamani li'l-Islah, al-   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
120 words

...Tajammu al-Yamani li'l-Islah, al- Yemeni Society for Reform. Often called Islah. Founded in 1990 as the product of an alliance between Muslim Brotherhood ideologues and the Hashid tribal confederation. Became the second most important political party in opposition to the ruling People's General Congress. In the first post-reunification Yemeni multiparty elections in 1993 the Islah Party gained 62 out of 301 parliamentary seats; its leader, Shaykh Abdallah Ben Hussein al-Ahmar , was elected speaker of the parliament, and the party contributed nine ministers...

Islah

Islah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Reform. Typically used to describe reform movements from the eighteenth century through the present. Based on the belief that historical misunderstandings and misinterpretations have distorted the ...
al- Tajammu al-Yamani li'l-Islah

al- Tajammu al-Yamani li'l-Islah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Yemeni Society for Reform. Often called Islah. Founded in 1990 as the product of an alliance between Muslim Brotherhood ideologues and the Hashid tribal confederation. Became the second most ...
Ashrawi, Hanan

Ashrawi, Hanan (b. 1946)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
528 words

...awarded the Sydney Peace Prize. [ See also Palestine .] Bibliography Ashrawi, Hanan . This Side of Peace: A Personal Account . New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995. Victor, Barbara . A Voice of Reason: Hanan Ashrawi and Peace in the Middle East . New York: Harcourt Brace, 1994. Islah...

Hanan Ashrawi

Hanan Ashrawi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(b. 1946),a citizen of Jerusalem, scholar of literature, Palestinian politician, and promoter of peace. Born in Nablus, she received her bachelor's and master's degrees in literature in the ...
Yemeni Congregation for Reform

Yemeni Congregation for Reform  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Yemeni Congregation for Reform (Al-Tajāmmuʿ al-Yamanī li al-Iṣlāḥ) or Iṣlāḥ Party—commonly known simply as al-Iṣlāḥ—was established on September 13, 1990. It quickly emerged as a prominent party, ...
Islamic fundamentalism

Islamic fundamentalism  

A disputed term, widely used in the US and to a lesser extent in Britain to denote any movement to favour strict observance of the teachings of the Qur'an and the Shari'a (Islamic Law). On the ...
Revival and Renewal

Revival and Renewal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Arabic terms ihya (revival) and tajdid (renewal) are typically used in the context of modern Islamic movements, although they have premodern roots. Premodern renewal was usually associated with a ...
Yemeni Congregation for Reform

Yemeni Congregation for Reform   Reference library

Laurent Bonnefoy

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
601 words

...Congregation for Reform . The Yemeni Congregation for Reform (al-Tajāmmuʿ al-Yamanī lil-Iṣlāḥ), or Iṣlāḥ Party—commonly known simply as al-Iṣlāḥ—was established on 13 September 1990. It quickly emerged as a prominent party, endorsing democracy and participating in all elections, and playing an active role in the educational and social sectors (through the network of teaching institutes it controlled until 2002 and through the (formally independent) al-Iṣlāḥ Charity Society. Although its base of membership is complex, as it draws from various social groups...

Yemeni Congregation for Reform

Yemeni Congregation for Reform   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...Congregation for Reform . The Yemeni Congregation for Reform (Al-Tajāmmuʿ al-Yamanī li al-Iṣlāḥ) or Iṣlāḥ Party—commonly known simply as al-Iṣlāḥ—was established on September 13, 1990. It quickly emerged as a prominent party, endorsing democracy and participating in all elections and playing an active role in the educational and social sectors (through the network of teaching institutes it controlled until 2002 and through the al-Iṣlāḥ Charity Society). Although its base of membership is complex, as it aggregates different social groups and has no fixed...

Movement for National Reform

Movement for National Reform   Reference library

Joseph A. Kéchichian

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
413 words

...for National Reform . The Movement for National Reform (MNR; Ḥarakat al-Iṣlāḥ al-Waṭanī) is a moderate Islamist political party in Algeria that was founded by Shaykh Abdallah Djaballah in 1999. Djaballah, a moderate Islamist who was born in 1956, in Skikdah, Algeria, started his activism on Algerian campuses in the 1970s, to study “Islamic sciences.” The origins of the MNR go back to al-Nahḍah Association for Cultural and Social Reform, which Djaballah established in 1988 . In 1989 , he founded his own party—the Islamic Renaissance Movement (Ḥarakat al-Nahḍah...

Jābir ibn Aflaḥ

Jābir ibn Aflaḥ   Reference library

Julio Samsó

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
712 words

...work was never translated into Latin, but the Iṣlāḥ was translated by Gerard of Cremona, and the trigonometry used by Regiomontanus ( 1436–1476 ) and Copernicus ( 1473–1543 ) derived directly from the Iṣlāḥ . Jābir’s book was also translated into Hebrew by Mosheh ben Tibbon ( 1274 ), and again by Jacob ben Maḥir ben Tibbon. This second Hebrew translation was revised by Samuel ben Yehudah (Judah) of Marseille in 1335 . Jābir’s criticisms of the Almagest are purely mathematical. In the prologue to the Iṣlāḥ he gives a list of fifteen passages in which...

Yemen

Yemen   Reference library

Gamal Gasim

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,191 words

...of Yemen, the Islamic movement established its own political party, Iṣlāḥ, which is an alliance between the Muslim Brotherhood, some tribal leaders, and the business community. Yemen's current constitution stipulates that Islam is the main source of all legislation, in part because of political pressure exercised by Iṣlāḥ. The strong electoral performance of Iṣlāḥ in the first democratic parliamentary elections of 1993 made the Iṣlāḥ a key player in Yemen's overall politics. Iṣlāḥ continued its good relations with Ṣāliḥ, in part through the powerful...

Mujaddid

Mujaddid   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...but it may not be an express proclamation. The mujaddid has been historically separate from the mahdī , the eschatological figure who presages the second coming of Jesus and the advent of a chiliastic era. In the modern period, tajdīd is often coupled with the term iṣlāḥ , meaning “reform.” The latter concept has even overshadowed the former in importance, especially on account of its sociopolitical activist dimension, which appeals to many contemporary Muslims. See also Revival and Renewal . Bibliography Algar, Hamid . “ The Centennial Renewer:...

Ibn Bādīs, ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd

Ibn Bādīs, ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...al-ʿArabī wa-al-Islāmī wa-dawruhu fī taḥrīr al-Jazāʿir (The Arab and Islamic Trend and Its Role in Liberating Algeria). Cairo, 1990. Detailed study of the Arab and Islamic trend and its impact within the Algerian nationalist movement. Jūrashī, Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn al- . Tajribah fī al-iṣlāḥ: Ibn Bādīs (A Case in Reform: Ibn Bādīs). Tunis, 1978. Overview of the role of Ibn Bādīs and the Association of Algerian ʿUlamāʿ in establishing a movement for reform and social change. Kurzman, Charles . Modernist Islam, 1840–1940: A Sourcebook . Oxford and New York, 2002....

Thānvī, Mawlānā Ashraf ʿAlī

Thānvī, Mawlānā Ashraf ʿAlī   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...today. Thānvī defined, defended, and personified the authority of the ʿālim (religious scholar) as well as that of the Ṣūfī master under colonial British rule and the imploding modernity that had undermined traditional religious authorities in South Asia. Thānvī's model for iṣlāḥ (reform), in contrast to many Islamist reform projects, was geared to individual inner reform, which would eventually lead to the spiritual reform of Muslim society as a whole. Thānvī was born in Thana Bhavan into an aristocratic north Indian family and was educated at Deoband,...

Movement for the Society of Peace

Movement for the Society of Peace   Reference library

Ricardo Laremont

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
802 words

...thirty-eight seats. During the same 1997 elections, al-Nahḍah fell short, with only one seat. The 1997 elections also saw the rise of a new Islamist party called Iṣlāḥ (led by Adballah Djaballah), which won forty-three seats. In the election that was held in May 2012, the MSP abandoned its coalition partners, creating instead a new “Green Alliance” with three other Islamist parties: al-Nahḍah, al-Iṣlāḥ, and the Front for Justice and Development. Results proved devastating. With low voter turnout and under the specter of allegations of electoral fraud, the Green...

Karman, Tawakul

Karman, Tawakul (b. 1979)   Reference library

Farhad Khosrokhavar

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
703 words

.... In 2009 , WJWC targeted the Ministry of Information for organizing trials against journalists. Karman's activism for press freedom coincided with her joining the Islamist opposition party, Islah; the party's platform advocated gender equality and expanded roles for women in the public sphere, while opposing the regime of President Saleh. In 2010 , thirteen of Islah's parliament members were women, one of whom was Karman. Karman had begun campaigning for political reform in 2007 , leading demonstrations in Tahrir Square in Sanaa every Thursday to protest...

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