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Isaac

Subject: Religion

In the Bible, a Hebrew patriarch, son of Abraham and Sarah and father of Jacob and Esau, whom Abraham was commanded by God to sacrifice. Because of his obedience to God, Isaac was spared; ...

Britain

Britain   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
55,708 words
Illustration(s):
11

...2007. Huscroft, Richard . The Norman Conquest: A New Introduction . Harlow, U.K.: Pearson Longman, 2009. Hyland, Ann . The Medieval Warhorse: From Byzantium to the Crusades . Stroud, U.K.: Sutton, 1996. Isaac, Steven . “ Cowardice and Fear Management: The 1173–74 Conflict as a Case Study. ” Journal of Medieval Military History 4 (2006): 50–64. Isaac, Steven . “The Problem with Mercenaries”. In The Circle of War in the Middle Ages: Essays on Medieval Military and Naval History , edited by Donald Kagay and L. J. Andrew Villalon . Woodbridge, U.K.:...

Isaac

Isaac   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
58 words

... , OT Patriarch . He was the Divinely promised son of Abraham and Sarah after a long childless marriage. To try Abraham’s faith God asked Isaac in sacrifice, but, satisfied with the obedience of father and son, accepted a ram instead (Gen. 22). By Christians the sacrifice of Isaac is seen as prefiguring the Passion of...

Isaac

Isaac   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
65 words

... Character of the Old Testament, and one of the Patriarchs . He was the son of Abraham and Sarah . As a test of faith, Abraham was prepared to sacrifice Isaac, but at the last minute, he was told to sacrifice a lamb instead. In Islamic tradition Ishmael , not Isaac, was to be the sacrifice. Isaac married Rebecca and became the father of Jacob and Esau...

Isaac

Isaac   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
159 words

... A biblical patriarch (Gen 21-28), Isaac was the miraculous son of Abraham and Sarah in their old age. He was exposed to death by his father whose faith Yahweh wished to test (episode of the sacrifice of Isaac). He was the husband of Rebecca and the father of Esau and Jacob . The character of Isaac plays a great role in Christian symbolism and iconography by reason of his sacrifice which, representing absolute trust in God , was interpreted as a prefiguration of Christ 's sacrifice on the cross . The episode of the sacrifice was depicted by two great...

ISAAC

ISAAC   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
216 words

... (Heb. Yitsḥaq ), second of the three patriarchs ; son of Abraham and Sarah . Both Abraham and Sarah laughed ( tsaḥaq ) with incredulity when God’s angel promised them a son in their old age ( Gn . 17.17, 18.12); hence, the biblical derivation of Isaac’s name. Unlike his half brother Ishmael, Isaac was to be the heir of God’s promise to Abraham. Isaac was circumcised at the age of eight days. His supreme trial was the ʿaqedah . Although this was primarily the story of Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his beloved son at God’s bidding ( Gn . 22.1–19),...

Isaac

Isaac   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The only son of abraham and sarah , and the father of esau and jacob . Although Sarah was past the age of child-bearing, God promised Abraham that they would have a son, and Isaac was born. Later, to test Abraham’s obedience, God ordered him to sacrifice the boy. He was prepared to do so, but God spared Isaac at the last moment, telling Abraham to sacrifice a ram in a nearby thicket instead. Abraham’s acquiescence to God’s command served the early Christians as a symbol of faith and...

Isaac

Isaac   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
228 words

...of the Akedah , the binding of Isaac, is told in Genesis 19. Isaac married Rebecca when he was 40 years of age and she bore him twin boys, Jacob and Esau, when he was 60 years of age (Genesis 25: 19–26). Isaac died at the age of 180 and was buried by his sons in the Cave of Machpelah (Genesis 35: 27–9). The chronological details of Isaac's life are confusing and difficult to put together as a coherent whole. On the critical view, the narratives stem from different sources, though hardly any biblical scholars fail to treat Isaac as a historical...

Isaac

Isaac   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Religion
Length:
294 words

...Isaac's maturity we learn little. Genesis 24 tells how he acquired a wife ( Rebekah ), but the principal characters in this tale are Isaac's servant and Rebekah's family. In Genesis 26 Isaac and Rebekah are involved in an incident with “Abimelech king of the Philistines” (an anachronistic reference), who takes Rebekah into his harem—essentially the same incident twice reported of Abraham and Sarah . Isaac next appears as an old man, deceived by Jacob into giving him the blessing of the firstborn that should by right have been Esau's. The stories about Isaac...

Isaac

Isaac   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
317 words

... . Son of Abraham and father of Esau and Jacob . The principal stories about Isaac are found in Genesis 21–28 . Isaac is a more shadowy figure than the other patriarchs, and little if anything can be said of him as a historical figure. He is said to have been born when his parents were both advanced in years as a fulfillment of God's promise to Abraham to grant him posterity against all human expectation ( see Rom. 4.16–22 ). In Genesis 22 God himself seems to challenge his own promise by demanding that Isaac be offered as a human sacrifice, but...

Isaac

Isaac   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
386 words

...Isaac , OT Patriarch . His story is told in Gen. 21–35 . The divinely promised son of Abraham and Sarah after a long childless marriage, he became the heir of the covenanted blessings ( cf. Gen. 17: 19 and 21 ). To try Abraham's faith Yahweh demanded Isaac in sacrifice, but, satisfied with Abraham's perfect obedience, accepted at the last moment a ram instead ( Gen. 22 ). After Sarah's death, Abraham procured a wife for Isaac from his own family, Rebecca, who became the mother of Esau and Jacob ( Gen. 24 and 25 ). On the likely dating of these...

Isaac

Isaac   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

... In his miraculous birth to Abraham and Sarah in their old age and his near– Sacrificial death in childhood, Isaac, one of the heroes of Biblical Hebrew mythology, contains familiar characteristics of other mythic heroes. He was literally the child of the covenant between Yahweh ( God ) and the Hebrews (Israelites, Jews), and God reestablished the covenant with him. Isaac married Rebecca (Rebekah), a distant relative of his father from Mesopotamia , and Jacob and Esau were the result of their union. His heroism was confirmed by the...

Isaac

Isaac ([Bible])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
155 words

... [Bible] In the Old Testament, God commanded *Abraham to take his son Isaac and offer him as a burnt offering. Abraham did as he was bidden: he built an altar, laid wood on it, bound his son, and laid him on the altar. Abraham took a knife and was just about to slay Isaac when the angel of the Lord appeared and said ‘Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do any thing unto him’ (Gen. 22: 12). When Abraham looked up, there was a ram caught in a thicket nearby, which Abraham took and used instead of his son for the burnt offering. > A child whose life...

Isaac

Isaac   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
292 words

...as prefiguring Christ and the Woman of Samaria. Rebekah returned with Eliezer and married Isaac, but was barren for twenty years before bearing twins, Jacob and Esau. Jacob cheated his brother of the paternal blessing, since Isaac was then almost blind (Gen. 27). Earlier, Isaac had passed Rebekah off as his sister, since they lived among the Philistines and he feared that they might kill him in order to take Rebekah (Gen. 26: 6–11). The king, Abimelech, saw ‘Isaac fondling his wife Rebekah’, and realized that he had been deceived, but he nevertheless...

Isaac

Isaac   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
77 words

...Isaac Called Ishaq in the Quran . Son of Abraham and Sarah in old age. The Quran mentions him seventeen times, as righteous man, servant of God, prophet, and father of Jews. The Quran records God's blessing of Isaac and his progeny as long as they uphold their covenant with God. His half-brother Ishmael ( Ismail ) is believed by Muslims to be the object of the sacrifice that God demanded from Abraham, although the Quran does not specify...

Isaac

Isaac   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
99 words

... . Son of the Hebrew patriarch Abraham by his wife Sarah . His name is derived from the fact that his mother laughed ( z̳ahaka ) when told that she would bear a child (Genesis 18. 12). See also ʿAKEDA . In Islam, Isaac (Isḥāq) is listed in the Qurʾān among the prophets (e.g. 4. 163), and named as the son, a ‘prophet, one of the righteous’ (37. 112) promised to Ibrāhīm (Abraham) (cf. 6. 84, 21. 72). Later Muslim tradition held that the son demanded in sacrifice was Ismāʿīl, though the Quranic account (37. 100–9) does not specify his...

Isaac

Isaac   Reference library

Neil Christie

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Exarch (and patricius ) of Ravenna (625/6–643/4). Armenian by origin, he previously held military command in the East. His time in Italy saw conflict and intrigue with both Lombards and popes. In 640 Isaac exiled clergy and oversaw the confiscation of treasures from the Lateran Palace. In 643 he crushed a rebellion in Rome led by the chartularius Mauricius. In the mid-620s Pope Honorius asked Isaac to help restore the Lombard King Adaloald; and in 630 he had the Lombard Dux Taso killed at Ravenna , possibly prompted by King Arioald (...

Isaac

Isaac   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
257 words

...of religion. Paul treats the remarkable birth of Isaac in fulfilment of God's promise as paralleled by the choosing of the Galatians as children of the promise; it is given to those who have faith, without regard to their physical descent (Gal. 4: 28). The epistle to the Hebrews (11: 19) hints at the release of Isaac for the sacrifice as a ‘type’ of the * resurrection of Christ, but it is not until the so-called epistle of Barnabas 7 at the end of the 1st cent. (and not in the NT) that the sacrifice of Isaac is used to prefigure Jesus' sacrifice on the *...

Bickerstaff, Isaac

Bickerstaff, Isaac   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to Irish Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Literature
Length:
6 words

...Isaac [pseudonym], see Jonathan Swift...

Eddy, Isaac

Eddy, Isaac   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of British Graphic Artists and Illustrators

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Isaac British , 19th century, male. Engraver . Isaac Eddy engraved illustrations for the Bible for Merifield and Cochran at...

DἸsraeli, Isaac

DἸsraeli, Isaac (1766–1848)   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
13 words

...Isaac ( 1766–1848 ), miscellaneous writer : lives in Bradenham . Curiosities of Literature 1791...

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