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Innocent III

Subject: Religion

(1160/61–1216), Pope from 1198. In making the right of the Papacy to interfere in secular affairs depend upon its duty to control the moral conduct of rulers and upon the theory ...

Innocent III

Innocent III (1161–1216)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
116 words

... III ( 1161–1216 ). Pope from 8 Jan. 1198 . Innocent's pontificate is often held to be the zenith of papal power, and certainly the pope's training as a lawyer made him much in demand as arbitrator or judge. In 1208 Innocent put England under an interdict , and four years later excommunicated John, absolved his subjects from their allegiance, and handed the kingdom to the king of France. John capitulated. He made England a fief of the papacy, after which Innocent supported John, even against Langton over the Magna Carta. Innocent gave approval to...

Innocent III

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The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
53 words

... III ( Lotario dei Conti di Segni ) ( 1160–1216 ) wrote De miseria humane conditionis ( 1195 ) on the sufferings of life and the inevitability of death. As Pope ( 1198–1216 ), he launched the Crusade against the Albigensian heretics in France ( 1208 ) and encouraged the foundation of the Franciscan and Dominican orders. [ Peter Armour...

Innocent III

Innocent III (1161–1216)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
51 words

... III ( 1161–1216 ) Pope ( 1198–1216 ), b. Lotario di Segni . He stressed moderation; increased papal control over civil matters; and established the courts of Inquisition . During his papacy, transubstantiation became part of Communion dogma. He allowed the Franciscan and Dominican orders to form and backed the crusade against the Albigenses...

Innocent III

Innocent III (1160/61–1216)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
202 words

... III ( 1160/61–1216 ), Pope from 1198 . In making the right of the Papacy to interfere in secular affairs depend upon its duty to control the moral conduct of rulers and upon the theory of Papal feudal overlordship, Innocent was enabled by the circumstances of the age and his own personality to make theory and practice coincide to an extent unparalleled before or since. The Emp. Henry VI having died in 1197 , Innocent pressed claims to examine as well as to crown the person elected as Emperor; he then supported rival candidates in turn; Frederick...

Innocent III

Innocent III (8 Jan. 1198)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
562 words

...the monastery of the Holy Archangel in Negroponte (E. Brown, Traditio 14 [ 1958 ] 78–81). A. Luchaire , Innocent III , 6 vols. (Paris 1906–08). J. Gill , Innocent III and the Greeks: Aggressor or Apostle? Relations Between East and West in the Middle Ages , ed. D. Baker (Edinburgh 1973) 95–108. G. Hagedorn , Papst Innozenz III. und Byzanz am Vorabend des Vierten Kreuzzugs (1198–1203) , OstkSt 23 (1974) 3–20, 105–36. W. de Vries , Innozenz III. (1198–1216) und der christliche Osten , ArchHistPont 3 (1965) 87–126. R.L. Wolff , The Organization of...

Innocent III

Innocent III (1160–1216)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... III ( 1160–1216 ), Pope from 1198 ; he greatly extended the power and authority of the papacy throughout Western Europe. His insistence on the appointment of Stephen Langton as archbishop of Canterbury in 1206 led King John, after a period of excommunication, to submission and the recognition of Innocent as feudal overlord. Amongst his writings was the De miseria humanae conditionis (written in 1195 ), a widely disseminated and quoted work in the medieval period. In the G version of the Prologue to The Legend of Good Women it is stated that the...

Innocent III

Innocent III (1160/1–1216)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,247 words

...Kirchen- und Dogmengeschichte, 21; 1969). C. R. Cheney , Pope Innocent III and England (Päpste und Papsttum, 9; Stuttgart, 1976); W. Imkamp , Das Kirchenbild Innocenz' III . ( ibid. 22; 1983). R. Foreville , Le Pape Innocent III et la France (ibid., 26; 1992). C. Egger , ‘ Papst Innocenz III. als Theologe ’, Archivum Historiae Pontificiae , 30 (1992), 55–124. J. C. Moore (ed.), Pope Innocent III and his World (Aldershot, 1999). A. Sommerlechner (ed.), Innocenzo III: Urbs et Orbis. Atti del Congresso Internazionale Roma, 9–15 settembre...

Innocent III

Innocent III (1160–1216)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
109 words

... III ( 1160–1216 ) Pope ( 1198–1216 ) . As pope he became an active and vigorous reformer of the Church. He reasserted control over the Papal States and was acknowledged as the overlord of Sicily . In Germany he asserted the pope’s right to choose between two rival candidates for the imperial crown; he eventually supported Frederick II ’s claims provided that he did homage for Sicily. He intervened in English affairs, excommunicating King John for refusing to recognize Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury and declaring Magna Carta void;...

Innocent (III)

Innocent (III)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Popes (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion
Length:
387 words

... Innocent (III) (antipope 29 Sept. 1179–Jan. 1180?: d. ) Originally Lando, he came of an old Lombard family and was born at Sezze, a hill town in Latina province overlooking the Pontine plain. Nothing is known of his earlier career except that he was created cardinal deacon of S. Angelo by Victor IV , first of the antipopes set up by the pro-imperial faction against Alexander III . Just over a year after Callistus III , the third of the antipopes, had made his submission, Lando was proclaimed pope by a small group of schismatic cardinals...

Innocent III

Innocent III   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Popes (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,889 words

...Latina (Paris, 1844–64) Regestum Innocentii III papae super negotio Romani imperii , ed. F. Kempf (Rome, 1947) Dizionario biografico degli italiani (Rome, 1960– ) C. R. Cheney and W. H. Semple , Selected Letters of Pope Innocent III concerning England 1198–1216 (London, 1953) O. Hageneder and A. Haidacher , Die Register Innocenz' III. (Graz, etc., 1965–  ) De miseria humanae conditionis , ed. M. Maccarone (Lugano, 1955) F. Kempf , Papstum und Kaisertum bei Innocenz III. (Rome, 1954) J. A. Watt , The Theory of Papal Monarchy...

Innocent III, Pope

Innocent III, Pope (1160)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
823 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., Das Kirchenbild Innocenz'III , Stuttgart, 1983. W. Maleczek , Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216 , Vienna, 1984. T. Holzapfel , Papst Innozenz III. Philipp II. August, König von Frankreich und die englischwelfische Verbindung, 1198-1216 , Frankfurt am Main, 1991. R. Foreville , Le Pape Innocent III et la France , Stuttgart, 1993. Innocent III: Vicar of Christ or lord of the world? , J. M. Powell (ed.), Washington (DC), 1994. J. Sayers , Innocent III. Leader of Europe , London, 1994. B. Bolton , Innocent III , Aldershot, 1995. Werner...

Pope Innocent III

Pope Innocent III (1198–1216)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
369 words

...the Fourth Lateran *Council . Under Innocent ’s attentive guidance, more than 400 bishops, 800 abbots, and representatives of Europe’s ruling houses legislated on almost every aspect of ecclesiastical and religious life. Thomas F. X. Noble B. Bolton , Innocent III: Studies on Papal Authority and Pastoral Care (1995). M. Laufs , Politik und Recht bei Innozenz III.: Kaiserprivilegien, Thronstreitregister und Egerer Goldbulle in der Reichs- und Rekuperationspolitik Papst Innozenz III . (1980). A. Luchaire , Innocent III , 6 vols (1905–8). W. Maleczek , ...

Innocent III, Pope

Innocent III, Pope (1160–61)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...to all the churches of Rome that lacked them silver chalices (133 in all), valuable vestments, orphreys, and precious liturgical ornaments. Innocent saw all his acts of patronage, both great and small, as unifying the Church and glorifying God. Bibliography DBI Gesta Innocentii P.P.III (before 1209); ed. in PL , ccxiv (1855), pp. xvii–ccxxviii D. Redig de Campos : ‘Les Constructions d’Innocent III et de Nicolas III sur la colline vaticane’, Mél. Archéol. & Hist.: Ecole Fr. Rome , lxxi (1959), pp. 359–76 V. J. Koudelka : ‘Le Monasterium tempuli et la...

Innocent III

Innocent III   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
40 words
Innocent III

Innocent III  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1160/61–1216), Pope from 1198. In making the right of the Papacy to interfere in secular affairs depend upon its duty to control the moral conduct of rulers and upon the theory of Papal feudal ...
Pope Innocent III

Pope Innocent III  

(r. 1198–1216)Born at Anagni, the son of Count Trasimondo; educated in theology at Paris and possibly canon law at Bologna. Made cardinal-deacon of Sts Sergius and Bacchus in 1190 ...
Poetry

Poetry   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,432 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...psychic simplicity. Read in social terms, the trope argues that England can reverse its process of historical corruption. Appeal is made to a population ‘originally possessed of much organic sensibility’—as if the bad poetry of the day were an evil visitation upon an otherwise innocent social body. Indeed, by valorizing the term ‘organic sensibility’ Wordsworth is implicitly arguing that the eighteenth century's traditions of sentimentality and sensibility are in themselves ‘healthful’. One recalls here that Wordsworth's critique of culture is directed against...

Revolution

Revolution   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,734 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Events in Britain were equally important in swinging support behind Burke's interpretation. Between November 1790 and December 1792 , popular support for reform in Britain was seen by many of the political élite as having reached epidemic proportions. Burke was not entirely innocent here. The Reflections prompted a pamphlet debate on an unprecedented scale (and of an unprecedentedly high quality: several of its contributions—by Paine , Mary *Wollstonecraft , William *Godwin , and James *Mackintosh —remain widely read today). The debate served, in its...

Innocent

Innocent  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(antipope 29 Sept. 1179–Jan. 1180?: d.)Originally Lando, he came of an old Lombard family and was born at Sezze, a hill town in Latina province overlooking the Pontine plain. Nothing is known of his ...
Peter of Castelnau

Peter of Castelnau  

(died 1208)A canon of Maguelone near Montpellier, Peter of Castelnau became archdeacon thanks to Innocent III early in 1199, then monk at Fontfroide (a Cistercian abbey) which he entered ...

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