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Ideology and Islam

Subject: Religion

Most Muslims claim that “Islam is one” and offers a blueprint for all aspects of life. Islam increasingly occupies a special place in school curricula, and states seek to control what is ...

Ideology and Islam

Ideology and Islam   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
216 words

...Ideology and Islam Most Muslims claim that “Islam is one” and offers a blueprint for all aspects of life. Islam increasingly occupies a special place in school curricula, and states seek to control what is said in mosques. Catechism-like pamphlets and essays, often in question-and-answer format and popular language, offer believers quick, encapsulated formulations of belief and practice. Religious activists encourage Muslims to be able to explain why they pray and fast. Such organization reflects a conscious systemization of doctrine and practice, so that...

Ideology and Islam

Ideology and Islam   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,720 words

... Muḥammad and his first successors. Although his movement is noviolent, like other radicals Yasīn believes contemporary Muslim societies have been de-Islamized by imported ideologies and values. These cause social and moral disorder, and Muslim peoples are further subjected to injustice and repression by elites whose ideas and conduct derive more from the West than from Islam. Yet the content of Yasīn 's talks and writings suggests that his principal audience is young, educated, and already familiar with the secular, imported ideologies against which he...

Ideology and Islam

Ideology and Islam  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Most Muslims claim that “Islam is one” and offers a blueprint for all aspects of life. Islam increasingly occupies a special place in school curricula, and states seek to control what is said in ...
38 The History of the Book in the Muslim World

38 The History of the Book in the Muslim World   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
13,110 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...Enlightenment period and later, there was a growing appreciation of its literary merits, and even of its spiritual qualities. Modern ecumenism and multiculturalism have continued this tendency. Meanwhile, from the 19 th century onwards, the Qur’anic text was subjected to philological, textual, and historical analysis comparable to the ‘Higher Criticism’ of the Bible, which cast considerable doubt on the integrity and chronology of the text and highlighted its relationship with pre-Islamic, especially Christian, scriptural traditions and terminology ( see ...

7 The Book as Symbol

7 The Book as Symbol   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,981 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...of time and a figure for death. At iconic moments in the history of the 20 th century, the power of the book as symbolic object has been especially apparent. In 1933 , the Nazis infamously burned ‘degenerate’ books in Berlin’s Opernplatz. Conversely, in China during the Cultural Revolution, Mao’s *Little Red Book was carried on the body or held aloft in staged acts of ideological affirmation. Disseminated on a scale to rival even the great religious sacred texts—740 million are believed to have been printed between the first publication in 1961 and the...

36 The History of the Book in the Balkans

36 The History of the Book in the Balkans   Reference library

Aleksandra B. Vraneš

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
3,947 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Orthodox Christianity, and Islam), and political systems (e.g. of the Roman, Ottoman, and Austro-Hungarian empires, and the Soviet bloc). 2 South Slavonic MSS and the beginning of printing The Balkans could be called the birthplace of Slavonic *literacy , which began in the second half of the 9 th century with the missionary activities of the brothers Cyril (Constantine) and Methodius, Byzantine Greeks from Thessaloniki. They introduced *Glagolitic and later the *Cyrillic alphabet, translating parts of the Bible and some service books into the Old...

Mythology

Mythology   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,714 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...theories in the light of the researches of Sir William Jones and other Indologists were made by G. S. Faber and Thomas Maurice ( 1754–1824 ). Both were Anglican clergymen, and Maurice, despite his ignorance of oriental languages, also became keeper of oriental manuscripts at the *British Museum . In his Memoirs Maurice explained the ideological urgency of defensive mythography in the revolutionary decade of the 1790s: ‘India, and the imagined antiquity of that vast Empire and the arts and sciences there calculated … were the debatable ground on which...

Islam in Brunei

Islam in Brunei  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Islam is Brunei's national religion. Sixty-five percent of the population is Muslim, mostly Sunnis of Malay origin who follow the Shafii school of Islamic law. Most other Muslims are Kedayans ...
Khalifa Abdul Hakim

Khalifa Abdul Hakim  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1959)Scholar, educationist, and philosopher of Islam. Formerly head of the Department of Philosophy and dean of Osmania University, India, and director of the Institute of Islamic Culture, ...
Islamism

Islamism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Term used to describe an Islamic political or social activist. Coined in preference to the more common term “Islamic fundamentalist.” Islamists (al-Islamiyyun) are committed to implementation of ...
Yusuf Qardawi

Yusuf Qardawi  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(b. 1926)Egyptian Islamic activist and ideologue. Calls for collective awakening of Arab-Islamic identity and reestablishment of the universal caliphate as a visible sign of Muslim unity. Calls on ...
Akbar Ahmed

Akbar Ahmed  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Twentieth-century Pakistani Islamic scholar. Understands fundamentalism through the context of postmodernity, globalization, failure of modernist ideologies, revival of ethnic conflicts, and conflict ...
Muhammad Amarah

Muhammad Amarah  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(b. 1931)Egyptian Islamic intellectual and prolific writer. Has written more than one hundred books on Islamic philosophy, the Quran, politics, and intellectual issues. Has compiled and commented on ...
Islam in Indonesia

Islam in Indonesia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In 2001 Indonesia possessed the largest Muslim population of any country in the world. Between 85 and 90 percent of the population of more than 180 million is Muslim, mostly Sunnis who adhere to the ...
Abd al-Aziz al- Duri

Abd al-Aziz al- Duri  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(b. 1919)Iraqi educator and Arabist social historian. Focuses on Arab nationalism and identity as a cultural and linguistic matter rather than an ethnic, regional, or religious issue. Considers Islam ...
Muhammad Husayn Haykal

Muhammad Husayn Haykal  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1956)Egyptian novelist. Used religious symbols appealing to traditional Muslims to introduce a framework of modern rational, scientific analysis designed to promote long-range ideological reform ...
Taqi al-Din al- Nabhani

Taqi al-Din al- Nabhani  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1977)Palestinian judge from Ijzin in northern Palestine. Founder and theoretician of Hizb al-Tahrir al-Islami (Islamic Liberation Party), established in 1953. It aimed at the restoration of ...
Abdal-Aziz Awdah

Abdal-Aziz Awdah  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(b. 1948)Palestinian Islamic fundamentalist leader. Born in Bir al-Sab but settled in the Jabaliyyah camp in Gaza after the creation of Israel. Received a degree from Dar al-Ulum in Egypt. In Egypt, ...
Islam in the Balkan States

Islam in the Balkan States  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Muslim population of the Balkan states, including Hungary, Romania, Greece, Bulgaria, Albania, and the former Yugoslavia, consists of a variety of ethnic groups speaking about ten different ...
Hizb-i Wahdat

Hizb-i Wahdat  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Afghani Shii Islamist political party created in 1990 by Shaykh Ali Mazari. Initially supported a radical and ideological position but shifted to a policy emphasizing ethnicity during the Afghan ...

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