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Hyperbolus

(d. 411 bc), 5th‐cent. Athenian demagogue during and after the Archidamian War (431–421; see peloponnesian war), esp. prominent after the death of Cleon. He is sneered at in ...

Hyperbolus

Hyperbolus (d. 411 bc)   Reference library

Henry Dickinson Westlake and Simon Hornblower

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
226 words

... ( d. 411 bc ), 5th-cent. Athenian demagogue during and after the Archidamian War , specially prominent after the death of Cleon . He is sneered at in comedy for his doubtful paternity and foreign (?slave) origin, but ostraca ( see ostracism ) show his father had the perfectly normal and reputable Greek name Antiphanes. In 417 , 416 , or 415 (the date is disputed) an ostracism was held by which Hyperbolus expected to secure the removal of Alcibiades or Nicias (1) , but they secretly allied against him, and he was himself ostracized. He...

Hyperbolus

Hyperbolus (411 bc)   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
135 words

... (d. 411 bc ), 5th‐cent. Athenian demagogue during and after the Archidamian War ( 431–421 ; see peloponnesian war ), esp. prominent after the death of Cleon . He is sneered at in comedy for his doubtful paternity and foreign origin, but ostraka ( see ostracism War ) show his father had a perfectly normal and reputable Greek name. In c. 416 an ostracism was held by which Hyperbolus expected to secure the removal of Alcibiades or Nicias , but they secretly allied against him, and he was himself ostracized. He went to Samos , where he was...

Hype'rbolus

Hype'rbolus (d. 411 bc)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
93 words

... ( d. 411 bc ) An Athenian demagogue during the Peloponnesian War, sneered at in comedy for his origins (he was reputedly a lamp-maker), detested by Thucydides and the butt of the comic poets. After the death of Cleon in 421 he became a leader of the people. A few years later, perhaps in 417 bc , an ostracism took place in which he expected to secure the removal of Nicias or Alcibiades , but they joined forces against him and he was ostracized himself. He went to Samos, where he was murdered by revolutionary...

Hyperbolus

Hyperbolus  

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(d. 411 bc),5th‐cent. Athenian demagogue during and after the Archidamian War (431–421; see peloponnesian war), esp. prominent after the death of Cleon. He is sneered at in comedy for his doubtful ...
Leucon

Leucon  

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Writer of Old Comedy (see comedy (Greek), Old) active during the Peloponnesian War (Suda λ 340). Fr. 1 mentions the politician Hyperbolus.FragmentsR. Kassel–C. Austin, Poetae Comici Graeci 5. ...
Plato

Plato  

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Athenian comic poet (see comedy (Greek), Old), won his first victory at the City Dionysia c.410 bc (Inscriptiones Graecae 2. 2325. 63). He produced Hyperbolus at some date during 420–416 ...
Clēophon

Clēophon  

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Athenian politician, d. 404 bc. He is represented as a lyre‐maker, and his mother was alleged to be Thracian (see thrace). He was already a public figure at the time of the ostracism of Hyperbolus, ...
Hermippus

Hermippus  

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Athenian comic poet and brother of Myrtilus, won at least one victory (435 bc) at the City Dionysia and four at the Lenaea, the first c.430 bc (Inscriptiones Graecae 22. ...
Phaeax

Phaeax  

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Athenian politician. First mentioned in Aristophanes Equites 1377–80; in 422 bc he was sent to Sicily in an attempt to reopen the opportunities for Athenian involvement which had been closed ...
Eupolis

Eupolis  

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Was regarded as one of the greatest poets of the Old Comedy. His first play was produced in 429 bc; he won three victories at the Lenaea and at least one at the City Dionysia.Flatterers (421) ...
demagogue

demagogue  

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Like democracy, the idea of a demagogue has its roots in the ambiguous Greek word demos meaning ‘the people’, but in the sense of either ‘the population’ or ‘the mob’. Thus a demagogue was, even in ...
ostracism

ostracism  

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In Athens in the 5th cent. bc was a way to exile a citizen for ten years. Each year in the sixth prytany (see prytaneis) the question whether an ostracism should be held that year was put to the ...
Old comedy (Greek)

Old comedy (Greek)  

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‘Old Comedy’ is best defined as the comedies produced at Athens during the 5th cent. bc. An early form of comedy was composed in Sicily by Epicharmus, the connection of which with Attic comedy is ...
Leucon

Leucon (1)   Reference library

William Geoffrey Arnott

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
51 words

... (1) , writer of Old Comedy ( See comedy (greek), old ) active during the Peloponnesian War ( Suda λ 340). Fr. 1 mentions the politician Hyperbolus . Fragments PCG 5. 611–14. Interpretation Meineke , FCG 1 217 f.; A. Körte , RE 12/2 (1925), 2283, ‘Leukon’ 6. William Geoffrey...

Plato

Plato (2)   Reference library

Kenneth James Dover

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
181 words

...(greek), old ), won his first victory at the City Dionysia c. 410 bc ( IG 2. 2325. 63). He produced Hyperbolus at some date during 420–416 bc , Victories after 421 (it referred to Ar. Pax ), Cleophon in 405 and Phaon (probably) in 391 . We have thirty titles and 300 citations. Many of the citations refer to people known to us from Aristophanes (esp. Av. ) and from historians. The titles ( see cleophon (1) ; hyperbolus ) show that many of his plays were strongly political, and at least one of them, Envoys , belongs to the 4th...

Hermippus

Hermippus (1)   Reference library

Kenneth James Dover

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
169 words

...Athenian comic poet and brother of Myrtilus , won at least one victory ( c. 435 bc ) at the City Dionysia and four at the Lenaea , the first c. 430 bc ( IG 2 2 . 2325. 57, 123). We have ten titles and 94 citations. Ἀρτοπώλιδες (‘The Women Sellers of Bread’), in which Hyperbolus and his mother were ridiculed (cf. Ar. Nub. 551 ff. with schol.), must belong to the period 421–416. Fr. 47 (from an unnamed play) refers to Cleon 's attack on Pericles (1) in 431 or 430; fr. 63 (from Φορμοφόροι (‘The Porters’)) is of interest because it names (with...

Phaeax

Phaeax   Reference library

Howard Hayes Scullard and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
151 words

...for Athenian involvement which had been closed at the congress of Gela ( 424 ), but had little success (Thuc. 5. 4–5). He is best known for the assertion by Theophrastus that it was not Nicias (1) but he who combined with Alcibiades to secure the ostracism of Hyperbolus (cf. Plut. Nic. 11, Alc. 13). The speech preserved as Andocides 4, Against Alcibiades , was written in the character of Phaeax with reference to that ostracism: its authenticity continues to be disputed. PA 13921; APF 521–4; LGPN 2 (1994), Phaiax no. 1; W. D. Furley,...

demagogues,

demagogues,   Reference library

Simon Hornblower

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
313 words

...demagogues’ at Mantinea , or Aristotle Politica 1313 b 40: demagogues as flatterers of the people. The role of demagogues, a term which should be extended to include ‘respectable’ figures like Pericles (1) and Nicias (1) as well as more obvious ones like Cleon and Hyperbolus , was important in Athenian democracy . ( Pl. , Grg. , makes Pericles flatter the people, contrast Thuc. 2. 65, etc.) On the most favourable view, demagogues were the ‘indispensable experts’, particularly on financial matters, whose grasp of detail kept an essentially amateur...

Cleophon

Cleophon (1)   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
196 words

... (1) , Athenian politician . He was a son of Cleippides , general ( see stratēgoi ) in 429 / 8 bc ; he is represented as a lyre-maker and his mother was alleged to be Thracian ( see thrace ). He was already a public figure at the time of the ostracism of Hyperbolus , and was the most prominent demagogue , in the manner of Cleon , after the democratic restoration in 410 . He introduced the diobelia , a payment of two obols a day, possibly to citizens not otherwise receiving public funds. He attacked both Critias and Alcibiades , and was...

Eupolis

Eupolis   Reference library

Kenneth James Dover

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
411 words

...of, and of commentaries on, Maricas , Prospaltii , and Taxiarchi . Flatterers ridiculed Callias (1) , son of Hipponicus, for cultivating the company of sophists —a comic poet's view of the kind of scene portrayed in Pl. Prt. 314 ff. Maricas was an attack on Hyperbolus , comparable with Aristophanes (1) 's attack on Cleon in Knights ; like Aristophanes' Lysistrata , it had two opposed choruses. In Demes great Athenians of the past were brought up from the Underworld to give advice to the present. In Taxiarchi the soft-living ...

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