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Huguenot

Subject: History

A French Protestant of the 16th–17th centuries. Largely Calvinist, the Huguenots suffered severe persecution at the hands of the Catholic majority, and many thousands emigrated from ...

Huguenot

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The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
28 words

... . Name given to Calvinists and to Protestants in general. It apparently derives from the German Eidgenossen (confederates), which relates to a medieval Swiss federation for mutual...

Huguenot

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
178 words

... In the 16th and 17th centuries, a French Protestant who followed the beliefs of Calvin . By 1561 there were 2000 Calvinist churches in France and the Huguenots had become a political faction that seemed to threaten the state. Persecution followed and during the French Wars of Religion the Huguenots fought eight civil wars against the Catholic establishment and triumphed when, by the Edict of Nantes in 1598 , Henry IV gave them liberty of worship and a ‘state within a state’. Their numbers grew, especially among merchants and skilled...

Huguenot immigrants

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The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
151 words

... immigrants . The term Huguenot, denoting a French Protestant of Calvinistic persuasion, is of disputed origin, but it was in use in France by 1560 . After the Massacre of St Bartholomew in 1572 many Huguenots fled to Protestant countries such as England. English people tended to use the word Huguenot also to describe Walloon refugees who emigrated from the Low Countries to avoid Spanish control. French Protestants were granted religious freedom by the Edict of Nantes ( 1598 ), but this was revoked in 1685 , provoking further emigration. The...

Huguenot immigrants

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The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
293 words

...arriving in England, a Huguenot refugee had to apply for naturalization or denization . The records of this process, and many other records, have been published by the Huguenot Society in numerous volumes of Proceedings , Church Registers , Returns of Aliens , etc. The Huguenot Society was founded in 1885 ; it is an essential point of contact for enquiries into French Protestant or Walloon ancestry. Some modern surnames are still recognizable as being of Huguenot origin; others have been changed to English forms. Claiming Huguenot descent has a romantic...

Huguenot torte

Huguenot torte   Reference library

John Martin Taylor

The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... torte , neither French nor a torte, is a popular Charleston, South Carolina, baked apple and nut pudding with a meringue-like top. The recipe first appeared in the Junior League of Charleston’s best-selling Charleston Receipts (continuously in print since 1950 , with over 500,000 copies sold). Its author, Evelyn Anderson (identified in the book also as Mrs. Cornelius Huguenin), submitted the recipe for inclusion in the fundraiser cookbook in the late 1940s when she was making desserts for the Huguenot Tavern in the heart of the city’s historic...

Huguenot

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Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Huguenot . Better pronounced /ˈhjuːɡənəƱ/ than /-nɒt/ ....

Huguenot

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... a French Protestant of the 16th–17th centuries. Largely Calvinist, the Huguenots suffered severe persecution at the hands of the Catholic majority, and many thousands emigrated from France. The name is French, an alteration (by association with the name of a Geneva burgomaster, Besançon Hugues ) of eiguenot , from Dutch eedgenot , from Swiss German Eidgenoss ‘confederate’, from Eid ‘oath’ + Genoss ...

Huguenot

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
32 words

... French Protestant. XVI. — F., alt., by assim. to the name of a Geneva burgomaster, Besançon Hugues , of † eiguinot — Du. eedgenoot — Swiss G. eidgenoss confederate, f. eid OATH + genoss ...

Huguenot

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
123 words

... • Mano , piano • Americano , Arno, boliviano, Bolzano, Carnot, chicano, guano, Kano, llano, Locarno, Lugano, Marciano, Marrano, meccano, oregano, Pisano, poblano, Romano, siciliano, soprano, Sukarno • Renault , steno, tenno • techno • Fresno • Pernod • ripieno , volcano • albino , bambino, babycino, beano, Borodino, Borsalino, cappuccino, casino, chino, Comino, concertino, Filipino, fino, Gino, keno, Ladino, Latino, Leno, maraschino, merino, Monte Cassino, Navarino, neutrino, Pacino, palomino, pecorino, Reno, San Marino, Sansovino, Torino,...

Huguenot

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
77 words
Huguenot

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
81 words
Huguenot

Huguenot noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
153 words
Huguenot

Huguenot noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
145 words
Huguenot

Huguenot noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
57 words
Huguenot

Huguenot  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A French Protestant of the 16th–17th centuries. Largely Calvinist, the Huguenots suffered severe persecution at the hands of the Catholic majority, and many thousands emigrated from France.The name ...
Huguenots

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
116 words

... French Protestants who arose in Roman Catholic France during the Reformation and suffered persecution. In 1559 , a national synod of Huguenot congregations adopted an ecclesiastical structure highly influenced by John Calvin . During the Wars of Religion ( 1562–98 ), Huguenots continued to face persecution and thousands died. Henry IV , a Huguenot, came to the throne in 1589 and, despite adopting the Roman Catholic faith in 1593 , promulgated the Edict of Nantes ( 1598 ) that recognized Catholicism as the official religion but gave Huguenots...

Huguenots

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Peter A. Goddard

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
305 words

...including La Rochelle. Huguenot merchants were key participants in early colonial ventures, including failed attempts to establish Protestant colonies in Brazil ( 1555 ) and Florida ( 1562–4 ). Pierre Du Gua de Monts , together with Pierre Chauvin , established a Huguenot presence at Tadoussac ( 1600 ) and Port-Royal in Acadia ( 1604 ), events chronicled by the Huguenot sympathizer Marc Lescarbot , author of Histoire de la Nouvelle-France ( 1609 ). Huguenots were barred from New France from 1625 onward, as colonial governors pursued a policy of...

Huguenots

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The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
239 words

... , French Protestants granted religious toleration under the Edict of Nantes ( 1598 ), but in the late 17th century subject to increasing persecution, culminating in 1685 in the revocation of the edict and the flight of many Huguenots from France. A small Huguenot community already existed in Dublin by 1665 , when a chapel in St Patrick's cathedral was set aside for their use. A more substantial immigration, involving an estimated 10,000 persons, took place in the 1690s. Twenty‐one Huguenot communities were established, of which the most notable,...

Huguenots

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
121 words

... , French Calvinist Protestants. The origin of the term is disputed, but it may derive from Eigenotz , a Gallicized German term ( Eidgenossen ) meaning ‘confederates’. In Geneva, where the term Eigenotz originated, it referred to members of the Swiss Confederation , but in France it came to refer to French Protestant adherents of Calvin. The Huguenots were first constituted at a synod in Paris in 1539 , and by the time of their second synod (Poitiers, 1561 ) had become a significant minority in many areas of France; their churches were called ...

Huguenots

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The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Literature
Length:
91 words

... , French Protestants, whose church was Calvinistic in doctrine and Presbyterian in government. They were bitterly persecuted until the Edict of Nantes granted them freedom of worship (1598). Upon its revocation (1685), many of them fled to America. Some had previously made settlements in Florida and South Carolina, and many of the settlers of New Amsterdam were Huguenots. They became an important element in the society of Virginia and South Carolina and also settled in Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. The only...

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