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Holy Spirit

Subject: Religion

Inspiration or the attainment of a degree of prophecy; Heb. ruah ha-kodesh. The books of the Hagiographa such as Psalms and Proverbs (see BIBLE) are said to have been compiled under the ...

Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

... Spirit Along with God the Father and God the Son ( Jesus ), the Holy Spirit is one of three aspects of Christianity 's understanding of God as a Trinity...

Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
55 words

... Spirit ( Holy Ghost ) Third Person of the Trinity in Christian theology. The Holy Spirit represents the spiritual agent through whom God's grace is given. The New Testament contains many references to the Holy Spirit, firstly as the agent by whom Mary conceived Jesus Christ and later as the divine power imparted to the...

holy spirit

holy spirit   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
40 words

... spirit In Christian theology the cosubstantial third member of the Trinity. Commonly symbolized by a dove or pigeon, its distinct substantial existence has been denied, for example, by the 4th-century pneumatomachi (adversaries of the spirit) denounced by St Athanasius...

Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
68 words

... Spirit Inspiration or the attainment of a degree of prophecy; Heb. ruah ha-kodesh . The books of the Hagiographa such as Psalms and Proverbs ( see BIBLE ) are said to have been compiled under the Holy Spirit, that is, by a degree of inspiration somewhat less than the degree of prophecy, although, on occasion, the prophetic vision itself is also said to be by means of the Holy Spirit...

Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit   Reference library

Ken Loyer

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,556 words

... Holy Spirit in the New Testament (London, 1909). H. B. Swete , The Holy Spirit in the Ancient Church (London, 1912), and other works. H. Watkin-Jones , The Holy Spirit in the Mediaeval Church (London, 1922). H. Watkin-Jones , The Holy Spirit from Arminius to Wesley (London, 1929). H. W. Robinson , The Christian Experience of the Holy Spirit (London, 1928). S. Bulgakov , Утешитель (Paris, 1936; Eng. tr. by B. Jakim, The Comforter , Grand Rapids, Mich., 2004). C. Williams , The Descent of the Dove: A Short History of the Holy Spirit in...

Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
275 words

... Spirit Judaism In Tanach (Jewish scripture), ruaḥ ha-Qodesh/Kodesh is the breath of God, and thus the effective and inspiring consequence of God at work in his creation. The Holy Spirit is also known as ruaḥ Elohim and ruaḥ Adonai , indicating that no separate ‘person’ in relation to God is intended, but rather that this is the way in which God enables humans to do or say particular things. Christianity Formally, the Holy Spirit (or ‘Holy Ghost’, especially in liturgical use) is the third person of the Holy Trinity . The Spirit is distinct from but...

Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
522 words

...) and in Christian life. Prayers to the Holy Spirit multiplied in the West: the Veni Creator in the 9th c., the antiphon of the Veni Sancte Spiritus in the 12th c., the sequence Veni Sancte Spiritus in the 13th, and so on; the efflorescence of religious orders was recognised as a work of the Spirit and, more generally, the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit were implored and studied, as attested by, e.g. , the De Trinitate of Rupert of Deutz . In the East, the Holy Spirit, already very important for St John of Damascus , took a...

Holy Spirit

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A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
489 words

...by the * gift of God's spirit on all people regardless of age or gender (Joel 2: 28). There is little in the synoptic gospels about the Holy Spirit, except at the * birth of Jesus (Matt. 1: 18; Luke 1: 35) and his baptism (Mark 1: 8), and it is said that the Spirit operates in the * ministry of Jesus against the forces of * evil (Matt. 12: 28). The paucity of references may be due to the belief that the work of the Holy Spirit was only apparent after Jesus' * resurrection (John 7: 39). After the resurrection the Spirit is said to be the agent of...

Holy Spirit

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
400 words

... Spirit . In Christian theology, the Third Person of the Trinity , distinct from, but consubstantial, coequal, and coeternal with, the Father and the Son, and in the fullest sense God. Christian theologians point to a gradual unfolding of the doctrine in the OT, where the notion of ‘Spirit’ plays a large part as an instrument of Divine action. The Spirit of God is already operative at the creation. He was bestowed on those appointed to convey Divine truth, and in the future times of fulfilled hope there would be an extension of the Spirit's activities and...

Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,650 words

...be invisible and inward ( John 14.17 ). The relation between Christ and the Holy Spirit is also close in Paul . The mission of Christ and the mission of the Holy Spirit are virtually indistinguishable; the presence of the Holy Spirit is equivalent to the presence of Christ. The Christ who is designated Son of God in power according to the Holy Spirit ( Rom. 1.4 ) is no longer to be known according to the flesh ( 2 Cor. 5.16 ). The distinction between Christ and the Holy Spirit, where it appears in Paul, is nowhere expressed in terms of a sequence but...

Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit   Reference library

Karl-Heinz Uthemann

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,091 words

... Spirit: “We believe … also in the Holy Spirit.” But at the Synod of Antioch of 341 this simple formula was expanded and the Holy Spirit presented as the eschatological gift and “paraclete” promised by Jesus . These elaborations reveal that the doctrine of the Holy Spirit was developed in conjunction with the concept of homoousios , the consubstantiality of the Logos with the Father. The Pneumatomachoi were those who denied the deity of the Holy Spirit and depicted him as a created gift of God. Their most significant opponents were Athanasios of...

Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit   Reference library

John R. Levison

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Theology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8,992 words

...the Holy Spirit inspires him to recognize the culmination of their words in the life and death of the infant Jesus. A similar scenario characterizes the Letter to the Hebrews, where the Holy Spirit does not so much inspire the origin of scripture (LXX) as its application. There are three indications of this. First, the present tense, not the past, is used to describe the Spirit’s activity: in Hebrews 3:7–8 the author does not argue that the Holy Spirit spoke Psalm 95 but that the Holy Spirit speaks it; Hebrews 9:8 does not say the Holy Spirit ...

Holy Spirit/Pneumatology

Holy Spirit/Pneumatology   Reference library

Kirsteen Kim

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

... Spirit/Pneumatology The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God, or the Spirit of the Lord—that is, the sovereign presence and activity of God in the world. In the Bible, the Spirit is involved in the initial act of creation as wind, and is also the breath of God that constituted the first human, a living soul. In the Old Testament, the Spirit is given to leaders to empower them for particular tasks, and to the prophets to speak the word of God. In the New Testament, however, the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Jesus Christ. The Holy Spirit brought about the...

Holy Spirit Movement

Holy Spirit Movement   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... Spirit Movement Insurgent group in Uganda since the 1980s. The Holy Spirit Movement, later known as the Lord's Resistance Army ( LRA ), the United Democratic Christian Movement ( UDCM ), and the Uganda People's Democratic Christian Army, blended religion with political opposition in the eastern African nation of Uganda beginning in the mid-1980s. The Holy Spirit Movement was founded in 1986 by Alice Auma, an Acholi woman from the oppressed northern region of Uganda. She claimed to have received spiritual orders to fight evil—namely, the government....

Holy Spirit Seminary

Holy Spirit Seminary   Reference library

Zhe Gao

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
278 words

... Spirit Seminary The Holy Spirit Seminary is a Catholic seminary which was founded by the Catholic diocese of Hong Kong in 1931, although its history dates back to 1841 when Christianity was made legal in Hong Kong. After the British troops landed at Hong Kong Island in Apr. 1841, the Vatican pronounced the establishment of an apostolic vicariate in Hong Kong, in order to minister to those Irish Christians in the army. Its first apostolic prefect, Fr Theodore Joset, brought twenty Chinese monks to Hong Kong, who later became the first cohort for the local...

Holy Spirit, The

Holy Spirit, The   Reference library

Lois Malcolm

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Martin Luther

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Religion
Length:
11,090 words

...explains four things. Our faith in Christ is based not on our own reason and strength, but on (1) the Holy Spirit’s calling us , enlightening us with the Spirit’s gifts, making us holy, and keeping us in the truth faith. This activity does not take place in isolation but within (2) the entire Christian Church the Holy Spirit calls, gathers, enlightens, and makes holy, keeping it with Jesus in the one common, true faith. Within this community, the Holy Spirit works within us and all believers (3) by forgiving all sins daily in this Church until that day when...

Procession of the Holy Spirit

Procession of the Holy Spirit   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
15 words

...of the Holy Spirit . A disputed issue between E. and W. Churches. See FILIOQUE...

Double Procession of the Holy Spirit

Double Procession of the Holy Spirit   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
139 words

...Procession of the Holy Spirit . The doctrine of the W. Church that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son. Against it E. theologians have urged that there must be a single Fount of Divinity in the Godhead; they hold that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father ‘through the Son’. W. theologians argue that as both Latins and Greeks hold everything common to the Father and the Son except the relationship of Paternity and Sonship, the Spiration of the Holy Spirit, in which this relation is not involved, must be common to both. The question did...

‘baptism in the Holy Spirit’

‘baptism in the Holy Spirit’   Reference library

Gordon Campbell

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
266 words

...in the Holy Spirit’ A doctrine, also known as Spirit Baptism, that has been variously understood in Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed, and Dispensational traditions, and is best known today in its Pentecostal form. Historically it has not always been distinguished from water baptism, so early Reformed liturgies of baptism emphasize the invocation of the Holy Spirit (the epiklesis ). Pentecostals understand baptism of the Holy Spirit as distinct from conversion or sacramental baptism (‘water baptism’), maintaining that, as the Holy Spirit fell on the...

double procession of the Holy Spirit

double procession of the Holy Spirit   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
648 words

...of the Holy Spirit The doctrine of the W. Church acc. to which the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son. Support for it is found in several NT passages, notably Jn 16: 13–15, where Christ says of the Holy Spirit, ‘He shall take ( λήψεται ‎ ) of Mine and shall show it to you.’ It is urged that in the Inner-Trinitarian relations one Person cannot ‘take’ or ‘receive’ ( λήψεται ‎ ) anything from either of the others except by way of procession. Among other texts adduced for the doctrine are Gal. 4: 6, where the Holy Spirit is called ‘the Spirit of the...

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