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High Court of Australia

The Federal Supreme Court (see federal courts) established by Chapter III of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (Cth) (the Constitution). The Constitution and the ...

High Court of Australia Act

High Court of Australia Act (1979)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
632 words

... Court of Australia Act 1979 (Cth). The High Court of Australia Act—enacted contemporaneously with the Court's move to Canberra —had been drafted in the Attorney-General's Department in preparation for the move. To cooperate with the plans of the Court and the government, Parliament gave the legislation a bipartisan and timely passage. Although the Court had been established by the Constitution ( see Constitutional basis of Court ), it required the Judiciary Act 1903 (Cth) and the High Court Procedure Act 1903 (Cth) to enable it to operate. Alfred...

High Court of Australia

High Court of Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
240 words

... Court of Australia was created by the Constitution in 1901 , but did not come into operation until 1903 when Samuel Griffith was appointed the first chief justice. Its jurisdiction was defined by the Constitution as that of a federal Supreme Court in which all cases arising under the Constitution originated. As the highest court of appeal in Australia, it also hears cases from federal and state courts. Until 1975 , some appeals could be taken further—to the Privy Council in England. The High Court was based in Melbourne from 1903 , in Sydney from...

High Court of Australia

High Court of Australia   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
112 words

...High Court of Australia The Federal Supreme Court ( see federal courts ) established by Chapter III of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (Cth) (the Constitution). The Constitution and the Judiciary Act 1903 (Cth) set out the scope of the Court’s original jurisdiction , its composition and its judges (called justices ). The High Court of Australia Act 1979 (Cth) was enacted when the principal registry moved from Melbourne to Canberra. It deals with the administration of the Court, registry procedure and financial appropriations...

High Court of Australia

High Court of Australia   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Law
Length:
70 words

... Court of Australia The supreme court in the Australian court hierarchy and the final court of appeal in Australia. Since 1980 it has been located in Canberra. The High Court of Australia has the right of judicial review over laws passed at both federal and state level, and it also interprets the Australian Constitution. It is composed of the Chief Justice of Australia and six other justices. Kenneth...

High Court of Australia

High Court of Australia   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
124 words
High Court of Australia

High Court of Australia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Federal Supreme Court (see federal courts) established by Chapter III of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (Cth) (the Constitution). The Constitution and the Judiciary Act 1903 ...
Family History

Family History   Quick reference

Anthony Camp

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,329 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...calendars of testators have been published by local record societies, the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, for instance, publishing those of the Prerogative Court of York for the period 1388–1688 , most work of this nature has been carried out by the British Record Society . Through its Index Library series, started in 1888 , that Society, having filled the gaps in the indexes to the wills of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury for 1383–1700 , has turned its attention to providing indexes for the local courts. However, digitized images of the wills in...

12 The Economics of Print

12 The Economics of Print   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,040 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...early 1850s , however, Australia became a significant consumer of British books: by 1868 the weight of books being shipped to Australia was five times greater than the weight to India ( see 44 ). The export trade suffered reversals in the Australian financial crises of 1883 and 1890 . Exports to British North America (later the Canadian Federation) grew in the late 1860s , so that by 1868 the tonnage to North America was double the Indian trade ( see 47 ). From the 1890s , however, British publishers felt the effects of competition from...

Labour History

Labour History   Quick reference

John L. Halstead

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,401 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... (1969). The strike brought forward a ‘new unionism’ of the unskilled, and new leaders became prominent. One example of the latter, selected here because of the role which contact with the subject's family played in allowing his biographer to solve the mystery of a period in Australia, is in Chushichi Tsuzuki, Tom Mann, 1856–1941 ( 1991 ). Industrial disputes, and associated entanglements with the courts, were important in the ‘rise of labour’, as is seen in John Saville's essay ‘Trade Unions and Free Labour: The Background to the Taff Vale Decision’,...

20c The History of the Book in Britain from 1914

20c The History of the Book in Britain from 1914   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
3,991 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...19 th century about the subversive dangers of a newly literate audience developed in the 20 th century into fears about the deterioration of literary quality in a democratized marketplace. The ambivalence of the book trade, caught between the demands of capitalism and those of culture, would continue to cause consternation throughout the 20 th century. Geoffrey *Faber , publisher of high-modernist authors including Eliot and Pound at his eponymous company, articulated his disdain for a market-focused breed of publishers whom he perceived to be publishing...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of wealth and influence.’ By the Chartist years, Hanson had changed his mind about the necessity of alliance with middle-class reformers. Many radicals became disillusioned with the reformed parliament, which immediately passed an *Anatomy Act allowing for medical mutilation of the corpses of the poor, and which then enacted the repressive Irish Coercion Act ( 1833 ), the detested New Poor Law ( 1834 ), and a Municipal Corporations Act ( 1835 ) which deprived many working people of their local franchise and which colluded in the transportation to Australia...

Illogic

Illogic   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
1,734 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...avoid these disruptions of thought, remember that a participle should relate to a noun that is truly capable of performing the participle's action. Another example: “The 1993 law, which was invalidated before it went into effect, required pregnant teen-agers or their doctors to notify a parent or guardian at least 48 hours before undergoing abortions.” Aaron Epstein , “High Court Leaves Intact Abortion Rule,” Amarillo Daily News , 30 Apr. 1996 , at A1. Who is getting abortions? This sentence literally suggests that doctors are getting abortions, but that...

State Supreme Courts

State Supreme Courts   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,011 words

...Courts . At the time of federation in 1901 , each of the states of Australia had a superior court of record named the Supreme Court. The oldest state Supreme Court is that of NSW, established by the Third Charter of Justice in 1824 . Prior to the appointment of the first Bench of the High Court, the only avenue of appeal from a decision of a state Supreme Court was to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London. Due to factors such as the time and expense involved in travelling to England to address the Privy Council, this right of...

Nauru

Nauru   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
678 words

...the Republic of Nauru was formed on 30 January 1968 . From 1967 to 1968 , Commonwealth legislation regulating Nauruan affairs conferred jurisdiction upon the High Court of Australia to determine appeals from Nauruan courts ( Nauru Act 1965 (Cth), section 54). This purported jurisdiction was, however, never exercised. Eight years after independence, on 6 September 1976 , the governments of Nauru and Australia entered into an Agreement stating that certain appeals would lie from the Supreme Court of Nauru to the High Court of Australia. Nauru's...

Superior court

Superior court   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
356 words

...of jurisdiction were nevertheless regarded as valid until set aside on appeal. Section 71 of the Constitution creates the High Court as a ‘Federal Supreme Court’. This was probably enough in itself to make the High Court a superior court, but the Judiciary Act 1903 (Cth) expressly provided that the High Court was ‘a superior court of record’ (section 4, continued in section 5 of the High Court of Australia Act 1979 (Cth). There is tension between the limited nature of the High Court's jurisdiction set out in sections 75 and 76 of the Constitution...

Hierarchy of courts

Hierarchy of courts   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,503 words

...Court, to be called the High Court of Australia, and in such other federal courts as the Parliament creates, and in such other courts as it invests with federal jurisdiction’. Sections 73, 75, and 76 of the Constitution invested the High Court with a special original jurisdiction and a comprehensive appellate jurisdiction. Writing in 1900 , Quick and Garran observed: The High Court is the crown and apex, not only of the judicial system of the Commonwealth, but of the judicial systems of the States as well … It is a court of appeal from federal courts and...

Citations by Court

Citations by Court   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,403 words

...measure of the proportion of cases in which foreign precedents have been cited, see Foreign precedents .) Some general trends are observable. First, with the exception of 1940 , the High Court has cited its own previous decisions more than those of any other single court. This is consistent with several studies of other courts. Secondly, in 1920 and 1940 the High Court cited English decisions more than decisions of Australian courts, but in 1960 , 1980 and 1996 , there were increases both in the number of Australian cases cited by the Court and in...

Federal Court of Australia

Federal Court of Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,061 words

...Court of Australia , created by the Federal Court of Australia Act 1976 (Cth), began to exercise its jurisdiction on 1 February 1977 . It assumed a miscellany of statutory jurisdictions formerly exercised by the High Court, and the whole of the jurisdiction formerly exercised by the Australian Industrial Court and the Court of Bankruptcy. One of the principal reasons for setting up the Federal Court was the recognition that, with more and more matters arising under federal laws, the High Court could not act as a federal trial court and still have...

Comparison with other courts

Comparison with other courts   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
2,087 words

...early members of the Court, the High Court did not make as much use of American authority and began to interpret the Australian Constitution, as the Privy Council did, as a statute of the Imperial Parliament. Following the appointment of Dixon and Evatt to the High Court in 1929 and 1930 , and later Latham , the High Court began to deliver judgments of very high quality. Privy Council judgments then compared unfavourably with those of the High Court and the House of Lords. No doubt the Privy Council practice of delivering a collective advice, as opposed...

Role of Court

Role of Court   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,008 words

...of Court . The principal responsibilities of the High Court are to uphold the Constitution, maintain the rule of law , and act as the nation's final court of appeal in civil and criminal cases. At the time of federation, each of the self‐governing colonies that were to become states had its own Supreme Court. Chapter III of the Constitution established what is described in section 71 as a ‘Federal Supreme Court, to be called the High Court of Australia’, and defined the Court's original and appellate jurisdiction . It is of the essence of a federal system...

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