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Herodotus

Pupil of Agathinus and adherent of the Pneumatic school of medicine (see Pneumatists), wrote, in the Flavian period (ad 70–96), Physician and On remedies (lost); an extant Diagnosis of ...

Herodotus

Herodotus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
6 words

... ( see following page...

Herodotus

Herodotus (485–c.425 bc)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
49 words

... ( 485– c. 425 bc ) Greek historian . Regarded as the first historian, Herodotus' Histories are the first great prose work in European literature. His main theme was the struggle of Greece against the Persian Empire in the Persian Wars , but he also provides an insight into the Mediterranean...

Herodotus

Herodotus   Reference library

Angela Constantinides Hero and Alexander Kazhdan

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
266 words

... Photios ( Bibl. , cod.60) characterized Herodotus in a few words as a historian of the Persian kings and the usurper Smerdis—a very Byz. perception (or misperception?) of the book. Interest in Herodotus awakened in the 10th C. The earliest preserved MS dates from this time; the Souda includes Herodotus's biography, and the Excerpta of Constantine VII contain passages from him. Herodotus's Persians were considered to be ancestors of the Arabs. Psellos ( Mayer , “Psellos' Rede” 53.208–09) praised Herodotus as the most eloquent writer. In the 12th C....

Herodotus

Herodotus   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...define Herodotus's conceptual world. Unmissable. Hunter, Virginia . Past and Process in Herodotus and Thucydides . Princeton, 1982. Essential reading on the nature of fifth-century Greek historical thought. Lloyd, Alan B. Herodotus Book II . Etudes préliminaires aux religions orientales dans l'empire romain, 43. 3 vols. Leiden, 1975–1993. The introduction contains a detailed discussion of the pre-Herodotean tradition and Herodotus's sources and methods. The commentary addresses all aspects of Herodotus's discussion of Egypt. Lloyd, Alan B. Herodotus on...

Herodotus

Herodotus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
152 words

... (5th century bc ) Author of the earliest Greek history. He describes Egypt, Cyrene, and Babylon, apparently as an eyewitness. His main subject is the wars between the Greeks and the Barbarians (i.e. the Persians), but before reaching it he describes in detail the Persian empire, Egypt, Scythia, and the early history of Athens and Sparta. This helps to make the events of Xerxes' invasion and defeat intelligible within a human and divine pattern. Herodotus combines ethnography, geography, folk tale, anecdote, military history, and politics. He was...

Herodotus

Herodotus (2)   Reference library

Vivian Nutton

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
52 words

... (2) , pupil of Agathinus and adherent of the Pneumatic school of medicine ( see pneumatists ), wrote, in the Flavian period ( ad 70–96 ), Physician and On remedies (lost); an extant Diagnosis of severe and chronic illnesses has been attributed to him on no secure grounds. Vivian...

Herodotus

Herodotus   Reference library

Hanneke Wilson

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... , prolific Ancient Greek writer. The Histories of Herodotus (490/ 480–425 bc ), a native of Halicarnassus in Asia Minor, are not a history in the modern sense: the Greek word historia means ‘an investigation’. Herodotus’ main subject is the conflict between the Greeks and the Persians, and as such his book is history; but it is also an investigation into the geography and anthropology of the east in Herodotus’ own day, for as a young man he had travelled widely in the Greek-speaking world and in Egypt and Africa. Forming part of Herodotus’...

Herodotus

Herodotus ([Na])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
118 words

... [Na] Greek historian and traveller of the 5th century bc , born c .490 bc , whose principal work records the struggles between the Greeks and the Persians. Accounts of the campaigns of the 6th‐century Achaemenid kings Cyrus , Cambyses , and Darius are followed by a description of the Ionic revolt, and of the attempts of Xerxes to exact retribution from the Greeks. Persian successes at Artemisium and Thermopylae finally led to the crucial sea‐battle at Salamis in 480 bc , in which the Greeks under Thermistocles were victorious. Herodotus...

Herodotus

Herodotus (1)(of *Halicarnassus)   Reference library

John P. A. Gould

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
3,559 words

..., Herodotus: An Interpretative Essay (1971); J. Gould , Herodotus (1989), and in S. Hornblower (ed.), Greek Historiography (1994), 91 ff.; F. Hartog , The Mirror of Herodotus (Engl. trans. 1988; Fr. orig. 1980); Herodotus and the Invention of History , Arethusa 20, special number (1987); D. Lateiner , The Historical Method of Herodotus (1989); R. Thomas , Herodotus in Context (2000); R. V. Munson , Telling Wonders (2001); N. Luraghi (ed.), The Historian's Craft in the Age of Herodotus (2001); P. Derow and R. Parker (eds.), Herodotus and...

Herodotus

Herodotus (c.484–c.430/420 bce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
4,955 words
Illustration(s):
1

...subject Herodotus also inaugurates, although without claiming to do so, the genre of history: the chronological and critical analysis of noteworthy human actions and achievements of the past Printed Herodotus. Historiae , published by Johannes and Gregorius de Gregoriis (Venice, 1494). T he N ew Y ork P ublic L ibrary /A rt R esource , NY The word historia ( historiē in Herodotus’ Ionic Greek dialect) or “inquiry” articulates the key concept of critical investigation, but in itself the word does not capture the distinctiveness of Herodotus’ project....

Herodotus

Herodotus ((c. 490–425 BCE))   Reference library

john marincola

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,367 words

...direction, Martin Bernal (b. 1937) revived the cultural diffusionism espoused by Herodotus and, based in part on Herodotus, argued that Egyptian civilization had made important and consistent contributions to Greek civilization. [ See also Alexander the Great ; Cambyses II ; Manetho ; and Necho II . ] bibliography Armayor, O. Kimball . Herodotus’ Autopsy of the Fayoum: Lake Moeris and the Labyrinth of Egypt . Amsterdam: J.C. Gieben, 1985. Argues that Herodotus’s account of the fabulous lake and labyrinth owes more to Greek myth than to history...

Herodotus

Herodotus   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,065 words

...culture also dispassionately. For Herodotus it is important that things should fit: he is at home with symmetries. 5. Herodotus' vast narrative coheres because it is strung on two lines of connection which pass through time. The first is kinship; the second reciprocity . Reciprocity is the demand that all men respond to what is done to them with like for like (‘equals for equals’, in Herodotus' own phrase): with good for good and with hurt for hurt. The demands of reciprocity are absolute, admit of no exceptions and, Herodotus believes, are common to all men....

Herodotus

Herodotus (c. 485–c. 420b.c.e.   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Exploration

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History
Length:
1,097 words

...other races. Incidental comments made by Herodotus in the Histories attest to his visits to other parts of the world as well: Tyre (2.44), Gaza (3.5), southern Italy (4.15), and perhaps Babylon (implied by the detailed description of 1.178–183). In recent years some scholars have raised questions about Herodotus's veracity in his claimed travels, including even the sojourns in Egypt and Scythia, but there are as yet no compelling reasons to doubt the historian's word on these matters. Rather, we should take Herodotus for what his text so loudly proclaims him...

Herodotus

Herodotus   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
1,031 words

... Herodotus (c. 485–425 b.c.e. ) is one of the most important historical writers of antiquity. Born in the city of Halicarnassus, Asia Minor, he is regarded as bringing an “Asian” perspective to Greek historical writing. His writings are an amalgam of geography and history, framed from firsthand observation as well as secondhand accounts, a mixture of sober historical fact as well as reports of the exotic and miraculous. Herodotus’s Histories comprises nine volumes, each named after a Muse; the mode of expression, full of dramatic digressions and...

Herodotus

Herodotus   Quick reference

John P. A. Gould

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
3,069 words

...5. Herodotus' vast narrative coheres because it is strung on two lines of connection which pass through time. The first is kinship; the second reciprocity. Reciprocity is the demand that all men respond to what is done to them with like for like (‘equals for equals’, in Herodotus' own phrase: 1.2): with good for good and with hurt for hurt. The demands of reciprocity are absolute, admit of no exceptions and, Herodotus believes, are common to all men. They also outlive time, since they are inherited. The principle of reciprocity is essential to Herodotus'...

Herodotus

Herodotus (of Halicarnassus (now Bodrum on the Aegean coast of Turkey))   Reference library

John P. A. Gould

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
3,124 words

... On the Malice of Herodotus : Plutarch’s beloved Thebes does not emerge very well from Herodotus’ account of events). But it was revived at the end of the last century by Sayce and is currently championed by Fehling and Armayor: D. Fehling’s view ( Herodotus and his ‘Sources’ (Eng. trans. 1989 )) would make the untravelled Herodotus the inventor of plausible-sounding encounters with ‘those who should know’ about the fantastic events he wishes to pass off as veracious. There are problems, certainly, about believing everything that Herodotus says he saw or was...

Herodotus

Herodotus (490–c.425)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
80 words

... (known as ‘the Father of History’ ) ( c . 490– c .425 bc ) Greek historian . His History tells of the Persian Wars of the early 5th century bc , with an account of the earlier history of the Persian empire and its relations with the Greeks to explain the origins of the conflict. He was the first historian to collect his materials systematically, test their accuracy to a certain extent, and arrange them in a well-constructed and vivid narrative....

Herodotus

Herodotus   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
109 words

... (5th century bc ) Author of the earliest Greek history. He describes Egypt, Cyrene, and Babylon, apparently as an eyewitness. His main subject is the wars between the Greeks and the Barbarians (i.e. the Persians), but before reaching it he describes in detail the Persian empire, Egypt, Scythia, and the early history of Athens and Sparta. He was criticized for credulousness and fabulousness, even in ancient times, but his methods of research and verification constituted the first recognizable form of history in the modern sense. Indeed, the term...

Herodotus

Herodotus (c.485–c.425 bc)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
68 words

...0 Herodotus c. 485 – c. 425 bc Greek historian In peace, children bury their parents; war violates the order of nature and causes parents to bury their children. Histories parents to bury their children parents to bury their children parents to bury their children The most hateful torment for men is to have knowledge of everything but power over nothing. Histories knowledge of everything power over nothing power over ...

Herodotus

Herodotus (c.485–c.425 bc)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
150 words

...0 Herodotus c. 485 – c. 425 bc Greek historian In peace, children inter their parents; war violates the order of nature and causes parents to inter their children. Histories bk. 1 sect. 87 parents to inter their children parents to inter their children If one were to order all mankind to choose the best set of rules in the world, each group would, after due consideration, choose its own customs; each group regards its own as being by far the best. Histories bk. 3 sect. 38 choose its own customs The man who has planned badly, if fortune is on...

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