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Hera

In Greek mythology, a powerful goddess, the wife and sister of Zeus and the daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She was worshipped as the queen of heaven and as a marriage goddess. Her Roman ...

Hera

Hera   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
32 words

... In Greek mythology, queen of the Olympian gods, sister and wife of Zeus . She appears as a jealous scold who persecuted her rivals but helped heroes such as Jason and Achilles...

Hera

Hera   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
959 words

...to Hera; the centers of her cult were at Samos, the site of the largest of all known Greek temples, and at Argos and Mycenae. The Heraion, the famous sanctuary of Hera Argeia (Argive Hera) that held a chryselephantine statue by Polyclitus, was built on a hill overlooking the Argive plain. In the Iliad , Hera says that her favorite cities are Argos, Sparta, and Mycenae (4.51–52). Several places, especially Argos, Euboea, Samos, and Knossos, claimed to be the site of the marriage of Hera and Zeus, the hieros gamos or sacred marriage. In some versions of...

Hera

Hera   Reference library

André Motte and Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,192 words

...form, was the priestess of Hera at Argos, where Hera’s rule extended over the animal herds of the plain. At Olympia , where Hera Hippia (‘of horses’) was worshipped alongside Poseidon Hippios, contests among girls had been established in honour of the goddess by Hippodamia in thanks for her marriage to Pelops. These facts may be linked with two other chthonian features, isolated as they are: the oracles of Hera, at Perachora and Cumae, and the funerary cult given to Medea ’s children in one of Hera’s sanctuaries at Corinth. Hera was also worshipped as...

Hera

Hera   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

... The chief goddess of the Greek Olympian family, Hera was the wife and sister of Zeus and a constant critic of his philandering tendencies. As the protector of the institution of marriage and a goddess of childbirth, she reveals remnants of the Great Mother –fertility goddess she might have been in her earlier incarnation in prehistoric Argos, the place of her special sanctuary. The classical Hera reflects her commitment to the institution of marriage in her best-known quality, her cruelty to the victims of Zeus's philandering—women such as poor Io ...

Hēra

Hēra   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
603 words

...‘glory of Hera’, is ambivalent. She acted as nurse to monsters born to Gaia (Earth), the Lernaean Hydra and the Nemean lion; she was also the sole parent of the monster Typhon and also, acc. to Hesiod, Hephaestus , whom she produced in anger, to defy her husband. But these episodes by their exceptional nature in fact illustrate Hera's close links with the marriage bond, which she herself protects and guarantees. The marriage of Zeus and Hera is part of a complex symbolism including the natural world of plants and animals. This is shown by Hera's oldest...

Hera

Hera (Mycenaean Era))   Reference library

André Motte and Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,284 words

...of Hera at Argos, where Hera's rule extended over the animal herds of the plain ( see cleobis and biton ). At Olympia , where Hera Hippia (‘of horses’) was worshipped alongside Poseidon Hippios, contests among girls had been established in honour of the goddess by Hippodamia in thanks for her marriage to Pelops. These facts may be linked with two other chthonian features, isolated as they are: the oracles of Hera, at Perachora and Cumae , and the funerary cult given to Medea 's children in one of Hera's sanctuaries at Corinth . Hera was also...

Hera

Hera (Europe)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... Europe Literally, ‘lady’. The earth goddess of Argos, a pre-Greek deity, assimilated as the daughter of Kronos and Rhea, and the sister-wife of Zeus. She was the protectress of marriage, childbirth, and the home. Often her jealousy and quarrelsomeness led to disaster for gods, heroes, and men, when she harried Zeus' mistresses and persecuted their children. Against the baby Heracles, whom Zeus begot on Alcmene, she sent two serpents, but the infant hero strangled them in his cradle. This ancient superman, however, was eventually the victim of Hera's ‘harsh...

Hera

Hera   Reference library

Andrew Tracey

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
54 words

...Hera [ madhebe, matepe ]. Large lamellaphone of the Sena-Tonga, Nyungwe, Tavara, Korekore, and Budya peoples of the Zambezi basin of southeastern Africa. It has 24 to 30 tongues and is placed inside a large shell-decorated half-calabash sound reflector and plucked by the thumbs and index fingers. It is used primarily for religious purposes. Andrew Tracey ...

Hera

Hera ([Gk Myth.])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
54 words

... [Gk Myth.] The wife and sister of *Zeus . She was worshipped as the queen of heaven and as a marriage goddess, associated with fertility and childbirth. In many stories she is depicted as jealously enraged by the philanderings of her husband, Zeus. Her Roman equivalent is *Juno . > A jealous or wrathful...

Hera

Hera   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The Greek juno , the wife of zeus . Her name is of very uncertain origin. It has been related to Greek hērōs , ‘hero’, and the former word era , ‘earth’, as well as to the Indo-European root element that gave English ‘year’, German Jahr ,...

Hēra

Hēra   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
209 words

...between Argos and Mycenae, and at Samos, where she was said to have been born. But she was worshipped all over Greece, and many important Greek temples are dedicated to her. She was later identified with the Roman Juno. http://orias.berkeley.edu/visuals/polytheism/hera.jpg Statue known as Hera Ludovisi, perhaps 1 st century ...

Hera

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... in Greek mythology, a powerful goddess, the wife and sister of Zeus and the daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She was worshipped as the queen of heaven and as a marriage goddess. Her Roman equivalent is Juno . Her name comes from Greek Hēra ‘lady’, feminine of hērōs ‘hero’, perhaps used as a...

Hera

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
333 words

... • Altamira , chimera, clearer, Elvira, era, hearer, Hera, hetaera, interferer, lempira, lira, lire, Madeira, Megaera, monstera, rangatira, rearer, scorzonera, sera, shearer, smearer, sneerer, steerer, Thera, Utsire, Vera • acquirer , admirer, enquirer, firer, hirer, inquirer, requirer, wirer • devourer , flowerer, scourer • Angostura , Bonaventura, bravura, Bujumbura, caesura, camera obscura, coloratura, curer, Dürer, durra, Estremadura, figura, fioritura, Führer, insurer, Jura, juror, Madura, nomenklatura, procurer, sura, surah, tamboura, tempura,...

hera

hera   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Latin Dictionary: Latin-English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries, Classical studies
Length:
3 words
Hera

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
63 words
Hera

Hera   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
60 words
Hera

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
63 words
Hera

Hera   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
56 words
Hera

Hera   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
56 words
Hera

Hera  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In Greek mythology, a powerful goddess, the wife and sister of Zeus and the daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She was worshipped as the queen of heaven and as a marriage goddess. Her Roman equivalent is ...

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