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Henri IV

(1553–1610),

King of France and Navarre, born in Pau on 14 December 1533, the son of Antoine de Bourbon (duke of Vendôme) and Jeanne d'Albret (queen of Navarre); he was ...

Henri IV

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
564 words

...king's alliances with Protestant heretics. Henri's children by Marie de Médicis were Louis (later King Louis XIII ), Gaston (duke of Orléans), Elizabeth (later the queen of Philip IV of Spain), Christine (later duchess of Savoy), and Henrietta Maria (later the queen of Charles I of England). Henri also had a large number of illegitimate children. Dictionnaire de biographie française ; The Dictionary of Art s.v. Bourbon I (5); D. Buisseret , Henry IV (1984); Michael Wolfe , The Conversion of Henri IV: Politics, Power, and Religious Belief in...

Henri IV

Henri IV (1553–1610)   Reference library

Stephen Orgel

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... IV ( 1553–1610 ), King of Navarre and France. Henri de Bourbon, King of Navarre, succeeded his cousin Henri III as King of France in 1594 : his accession may have motivated Shakespeare’s depiction of the King of Navarre in Love’s Labour’s Lost . He was a Huguenot Protestant, greatly admired in England until his conversion to Roman Catholicism, to secure the succession, reportedly with the words ‘Paris vaut bien une messe’ (Paris is well worth a mass). Thereafter he was often cited as a model of French faithlessness and hypocrisy. His claim to the...

Henri IV

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The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
294 words

... IV ( 1553–1610 ). Henri de Bourbon , roi de Navarre, acceded to the French throne after the assassination of Henri III in 1589 . The latter's decision to assasinate the duc de Guise had already removed the greatest obstacle to Henri's accession; but he had to win back his kingdom piecemeal, convert to Catholicism, and find a compromise which he could impose on his former co‐religionists (the Edict of Nantes ). He was aided in the task of rebuilding his kingdom by his own personal qualities and by the dedication of his aides: Jeannin and Laffemas, who...

Henri IV

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Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
222 words

...004 Henri IV ( Henri of Navarre ) 1553 – 1610 French monarch , King of France from 1589 I want there to be no peasant in my kingdom so poor that he is unable to have a chicken in his pot every Sunday. Hardouin de Péréfixe Histoire de Henry le Grand (1681); see hoover no peasant in my kingdom so poor chicken in his pot chicken in his pot Hang yourself, brave Crillon; we fought at Arques and you were not there. traditional form given by Voltaire to a letter from Henri to Crillon, 20 September 1597; Henri's actual words, as given in Lettres...

Henri IV

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Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
221 words

...004 Henri IV 1553 – 1610 French monarch , King from 1589 I want there to be no peasant in my kingdom so poor that he is unable to have a chicken in his pot every Sunday. Hardouin de Péréfixe Histoire de Henry le Grand (1681); see Hoover no peasant in my kingdom so poor chicken in his pot chicken in his pot Hang yourself, brave Crillon; we fought at Arques and you were not there. traditional form given by Voltaire to a letter from Henri to Crillon, 20 September 1597; Henri's actual words, as given in Lettres missives de Henri IV, Collection des...

Henri IV

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Brewer's Famous Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
323 words

...Henri IV Henri of Navarre 1553 1610 French King Paris vaut bien une messe [Paris is well worth a mass]. Said either by Henri or his minister Sully (in conversation with him), though no real evidence exists. Henri had led the Protestant forces in the Third Huguenot War (1569–72) as King of Navarre, and in 1589 he marched on Catholic-held Paris and became King of France. In 1593 he renounced Protestantism and converted to Catholicism, hence this cynical if pragmatic remark, which was first recorded in 1622. In 1681 Hardouin de Péréfixe commented in ...

Henri IV (Quatre)

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A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
93 words

... IV (Quatre) Architectural style in France ( c. 1589–1610) of which the Place des Vosges , Paris (1605–12), is a good example, with its private houses set over uniform vaulted arcades (a theme derived from Italian precedents), brick façades with limestone dressings and chaînes , and tall hipped roofs like pavilions with lucarnes . Another fine example of the style is the Château de Grosbois , Seine-et-Marne ( c. 1600). The style Henri-Quatre was revived in C19. Ck ( 1996 ) ; Ha ( 1943–57 ) ; S ( 1901–2...

Henry IV

Henry IV (1366–1413)   Reference library

Anne Button

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... IV ( 1366–1413 ), King of England (reigned 1399–1413 after supplanting Richard II ) , surnamed Bolingbroke. See Richard II ; Henry IV Part 1 ; Henry IV Part 2 . Anne...

Henry IV

Henry IV   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
11 words

... IV (emperor) See germany ; roman empire [carolingian, ottonian, salian/franconian dynasties]...

Henry IV

Henry IV (1553–1610)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
544 words

... Memoires-Journaux ; his Journal pour le règne de Henri IV , ed. L.-R. Lefèvre and A. Martin (3 vols. [1948–60]); Eng. tr. of selections by N. L. Roelker , The Paris of Henry of Navarre as seen by Pierre de l'Estoile (Cambridge, Mass., 1958). There is a vast lit. on Henry IV . J. H. Mariéjol in E. Lavisse , Histoire de France , 6 (pt. 1; 1904), 303–423 and (pt. 2; 1904), 1–140, with full bibl. refs.; J.-P. Babelon , Henri IV (Paris [1982]), with full bibl.; D. [J.] Buisseret , Henry IV (London, 1984). Other modern studies include those...

Henry IV

Henry IV (1050–1106)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
451 words

... (Stuttgart, 1997). I. S. Robinson , Henry IV of Germany, 1056–1106 (Cambridge, 1999). K. Leyser , ‘ The crisis of medieval Germany ’, Proceedings of the British Academy , 69 for 1983 (1984), 409–43. G. Tellenbach in DHGE 23 (1990), cols. 1050–5, s.v. ‘ Henri IV ’. See also bibl. to Canossa and Gregory VII...

Henry IV

Henry IV (1050–1106)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
82 words

... IV ( 1050–1106 ) German King ( 1056–1106 ) and Holy Roman Emperor ( 1084–1106 ). Embroiled in the dispute with the papacy over the lay investiture of clerics, he deposed Pope Gregory VII and was in turn excommunicated by the Pope ( 1076 ). Rebellion in Germany weakened Henry's position. In 1077 , he was forced to do penance at Canossa. In 1084 , Henry captured Rome, deposed Gregory and set up an antipope, Clement III . In 1105 Henry's son, Henry V , deposed...

Henry IV

Henry IV (1367–1413)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
70 words

... IV ( 1367–1413 ) King of England ( 1399–1413 ). Son of John of Gaunt , Henry was one of the five ‘lords apellant’ who ruled England in 1388–89 . He betrayed his fellow lords, but was exiled by Richard II in 1398 . Henry mounted a successful invasion and usurped the throne. He faced revolts, notably by Owain Glyn Dr and the Percys of Northumberland. His son succeeded him as Henry V...

Henry IV

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
83 words

... IV (or Henry of Navarre ) ( 1553–1610 ) King of France ( 1589–1610 ). As king of Navarre, Henry was the leader of Huguenot forces in the latter stages of the French Wars of Religion, but on succeeding the Catholic Henry III he became Catholic himself in order to guarantee peace. He founded the Bourbon dynasty, established religious freedom with the Edict of Nantes ( 1598 ), and restored order after prolonged civil war. He was assassinated by a Catholic...

Henry IV

Henry IV (1050–1106)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... IV ( 1050–1106 ), German king (r. 1056–1106 ) and Holy Roman Emperor (r. 1056–1106 ). German king in 1053 , sole king after 1056 , crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 1084 , and deposed in 1105 , Henry IV is perhaps the best known and most controversial German ruler of the Middle Ages. His efforts to maintain royal power ultimately failed against the opposition of the papacy, the territorial nobility, and at the last his own son and successor. The reign was stamped indelibly by the premature death of his father ( Henry III ), which left Henry IV...

Henry IV

Henry IV (1553–1610)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
132 words

... IV ( 1553–1610 ) King of France ( 1589–1610 ), first of the Bourbon dynasty. From a Protestant upbringing, Henry was recognized as leader of the Huguenots . The Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre ( 1572 ) marred Henry's marriage to Margaret of Valois. Henry survived, but was forced to convert to Catholicism. In 1584 he became legal heir to Henry III . On Henry's death, the Guise family refused to recognize his claim, but were subdued. In 1593 , Henry willingly converted to Roman Catholicism - allegedly remarking that "Paris is well worth a Mass"....

Henry IV

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
108 words

... IV ( 1050–1106 ), German King and Emperor . He succeeded to the throne in 1056 . His reign was troubled by rebellious Saxon princes and by the reforms of Gregory VII (q.v.). Having conquered the Saxons in 1075 , Henry refused obedience to the Pope and answered his threat of excommunication by declaring Gregory deposed. Gregory then released Henry's subjects from their oath of allegiance; the Saxons rose again and the princes refused obedience unless Henry was reconciled to the Pope. He submitted to the Pope at Canossa in 1077 . In 1080 he...

Henry IV

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
67 words

... IV [Na] English king from ad 1399 , of the House of Lancaster . Born 1366 , son of John of Gaunt, fourth son of Edward III and Blanche , daughter of Henry , duke of Lancaster. Married (1) Mary , daughter of Humphrey , earl of Hereford; (2) Joan , daughter of Charles , king of Navarre, and widow of John , duke of Brittany. He died in 1413 , aged 47, having reigned thirteen...

Henry IV

Henry IV (1366–1413)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
137 words

... IV ( 1366–1413 ) King of England ( 1399–1413 ). He was the only legitimate son of John of Gaunt , and would have inherited vast estates on his father’s death (in 1399 ) had Richard II not banished him. He retaliated by invading England and forcing Richard to yield both the estates and the crown of England. Henry’s position as king was not a strong one. He needed the support of the Church (which caused him to be a persecutor of Lollards ), the nobility (who dominated his councils), and the House of Commons (which resented his frequent requests for...

Henry IV

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The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... IV , Henry of Derby ( 1366– 1413 ), king of England from 1399 following the deposition of Richard II . Henry was the son of John of Gaunt and grandson of Edward III ; he became earl of Derby in 1377 and later, following the death of his father early in 1399 , duke of Lancaster; his invasion of England later in 1399 to retrieve the estates of his father was followed by the defeat and imprisonment of Richard. In 1395 Chaucer received a scarlet gown and payment of £ 10 for livery from Henry. On Henry's accession in 1399 he confirmed the...

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