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Henri-René Lenormand

(1882–1951) French playwright. Strongly influenced by the psychological dramas of Strindberg, Pirandello, and Chekhov, Lenormand felt theatre should elucidate the mysteries of ...

Lenormand, Henri-René

Lenormand, Henri-René   Reference library

C. Henrik Borgstrom

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
84 words

..., Henri-René ( 1882–1951 ) French playwright. Strongly influenced by the psychological dramas of Strindberg , Pirandello , and Chekhov , Lenormand felt theatre should elucidate the mysteries of the ‘inner life’. He owed much of his success to Georges Pitoëff , who introduced his work to Parisian audiences , including Le Temps est un songe ( Time Is a Dream , 1919 ) and Les Ratés ( The Failures , 1920 ). His Confessions of a Playwright ( 1953 ) explores the dramatic profession of his period. C. Henrik...

Lenormand, Henri-René

Lenormand, Henri-René (1882–1951)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
138 words

..., Henri-René ( 1882–1951 ), French dramatist, who in reaction against the realism of Antoine based his own plays on Freud, all his work being marked by a vision of man as the victim of a fate determined in infancy and by the force of his own unconscious. His first play, Le Temps est un songe ( 1919 ), was produced by Pitoëff in Geneva and then Paris, and was seen in New York in 1924 (London, 1950 ) as Time is a Dream . Pitoëff also produced Les Ratés ( 1920 ; NY, as The Failures , 1924 ) and Le Mangeur des rêves ( 1922 ; London, as The...

Lenormand, Henri‐René

Lenormand, Henri‐René (1882–1951)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
105 words

..., HenriRené ( 1882–1951 ). Best known as a dramatist and theorist of the avant‐garde French theatre of the 1920s, when his pessimistic plays, often drawing on Freudian ideas, excited praise and controversy. He was associated with the director Georges Pitoëff , whose productions of his plays brought out vividly their sense of doom and claustrophobia. The bias of his work is deterministic, whether in the baleful effects of climate and colonialism in Le Simoun ( 1920 ) and A l'ombre du mal ( 1924 ), or in the ravages of suppressed desires and...

Lenormand, Henri-René

Lenormand, Henri-René (3 May 1882)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
143 words

..., Henri-René (b. Paris , 3 May 1882 ; d. Paris , 17 Feb. 1951 ) Playwright . Wrote gloomy but fascinating psychological dramas, notably Les Ratés ( The Failures , 1920 ) about the deterioration, moral and physical, of an author and his actress-mistress, in which he turns to drink and kills her, then himself. Other plays include Le Temps est un songe ( Time is a Dream , 1919 ), Le Simoun (‘The simoon’, 1920 ), Le Mangeur de rêves ( The Dream Doctor , 1922 ), A l'ombre du mal (‘In the shadow of evil’, 1934 ) and La folle du ciel (‘The...

Henri-René Lenormand

Henri-René Lenormand  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1882–1951)French playwright. Strongly influenced by the psychological dramas of Strindberg, Pirandello, and Chekhov, Lenormand felt theatre should elucidate the mysteries of the ‘inner life’. He ...
Horacio Peterson

Horacio Peterson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1926– )Chilean-born actor and director who moved to Venezuela in 1948. As director of the Ateneo Theatre in Caracas (1952–70) he introduced classical and avant-garde works, including H. R. ...
Celestino Gorostiza

Celestino Gorostiza  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1904–67)Mexican playwright, director, and translator, a pivotal figure in the development of the modern professional stage. In 1932 Gorostiza created the Teatro de Orientación, which for three years ...
Pitoëff family

Pitoëff family  

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Overview Page
Georges [Gyorgy Pitoyev] (b. Tiflis, Georgia, 4 Sept. 1884; d. Geneva, 17 Sept. 1939), Ludmilla (b. Tiflis, 24 Dec. 1896; d. Rueil Malmaison, 15 Sept. 1951) and Sacha (b. Geneva ...
Gaston Baty

Gaston Baty  

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Overview Page
(b. Pelussin, France, 26 May 1885; d. Pelussin, 13 Oct. 1952)Director. A member of the Cartel, Baty was much influenced by expressionism, the Russian ballet and puppet theatre. Not ...
Georges Pitoëff

Georges Pitoëff  

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Overview Page
(1884–1939) and(1895–1951)Russian-French actor, director, designer; and Russian-French actress.Georges Pitoëff's early efforts were influenced by Meyerhold, Tairov, and Komissarzhevskaya, whose ...
France

France   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,129 words

...of which they shared, and in 1936 they captured the citadel of French tradition by taking over the Comédie-Française . Baty, who continued the rediscovery of Musset's drama, was noted for his brilliant lighting techniques, and, like Pitoëff, raised the reputation of Henri-René Lenormand 's steamy ‘Freudian’ dramas in the 1920s. If Dullin had first introduced Pirandello to the French, it was above all Pitoëff who made him famous with his production of Six Characters in Search of an Author in 1923 . He then became the chief purveyor of a wide...

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