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Henri II

(1519–59),

King of France, the second son of Francis I and Queen Claude; he was the younger brother of François, the dauphin. In 1526, at the age of 7, he ...

Henri II

Henri II   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
343 words

...later, on 10 July 1559 . At the time of his death seven of Henri's children by Catherine de Médicis were alive: Elizabeth (queen of Spain), Claude (duchess of Lorraine), François (who succeeded his father as Francis II ), Charles (later King Charles IX ), Henri (later Henri III ), Marguerite (later Queen Marguerite of Navarre), and François, duke of Alençon (later duc d' Anjou ). Dictionnaire de biographie française ; The Dictionary of Art s.v. Valois (15); Frederic Baumgartner, Henry II, King of France 1547–1559...

Henri II

Henri II (1529–59)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
113 words

... II ( 1529–59 ) inherited the throne from his father, François I er , in 1547 . He continued the latter's attempts at increasing the power of the monarchy, but made the mistake of promoting the Guise family, which was to cause his sons so much difficulty in the Wars of Religion . Henri inherited his father's anti‐Habsburg policies, allying himself with the German Protestants and with the Turks. Increasing financial difficulties, as well as the disastrous defeat of Saint‐Quentin, led him, however, to make peace with Philip II (Treaty of ...

Henri II (Deux)

Henri II (Deux)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
71 words

... II (Deux) Architecture in France (1547–59) following the reign of François I er . Italian Renaissance influences became stronger, and arabesques were favoured, although Gothic traces were never entirely eliminated. Philibert de L’ Orme was an active protagonist of the period, notably at Anet, while Bullant also contributed. The style Henri-Deux was revived in C19. L & D ( 1986 ) ; D.Wa ( 1986...

Estienne, Henri II

Estienne, Henri II (1531–98)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
418 words

...Henri II ( 1531–98 ). Most distinguished member of the dynasty of printer‐scholars founded by Henri I Estienne ( c. 1470–1520 ). Like his father Robert , Henri II found that his interest in humanism led naturally to Calvinism. He spent most of his life in Geneva. His independent mind and more particularly his passion for salacious stories, however, caused problems with the Genevan authorities, whose censorship was in many ways more rigorous than that of the Sorbonne . His contribution to Greek scholarship is evident in his Thesaurus linguae...

Estienne, Henri II

Estienne, Henri II (1531–1598)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
952 words

...Henri . Apologie pour Hérodote . Edited by P. Ristelhuber . Paris, 1879. Gruys, J. A. The Early Printed Editions (1518–1664) of Aeschylus . Nieuwkoop, 1981. Momigliano, Arnoldo . Studies in Historiography . London, 1966. Mund-Dopchie, Monique . La survie d'Eschyle à la Renaissance . Louvain, 1984. Pattison, Mark . Essays . Edited by Henry Nettleship . Oxford, 1889. ——. Isaac Casaubon, 1559–1614 . 2d ed. Oxford, 1892. Popkin, Richard H. The History of Scepticism from Erasmus to Spinoza . Berkeley and London, 1979. Reverdin, O. Le ‘Platon’ d'Henri...

Henry II

Henry II   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
57 words

... II ( Curtmantle ) [Na] English king from ad 1154 , of the House of Anjou (Plantagenets). Born 1133 , son of Matilda , daughter of Henry I , and Geoffrey , count of Anjou. Married Eleanor , daughter of William , duke of Aquitaine, and divorced queen of Louis VII of France. He died in 1189 , aged 56, having reigned eighteen...

Henry II

Henry II (1133–89)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
77 words

... II ( 1133–89 ) King of England ( 1154–89 ), son of Geoffrey of Anjou and Matilda (daughter of Henry I ). Henry inherited the Angevin lands and obtained Aquitaine by marrying Eleanor in 1152 . He re-established stable royal government in England, instituting reforms in finance, local government and justice. His efforts to extend royal justice to priests led to his quarrel with Thomas à Becket . The rebellions of his sons, Richard I and John , troubled his later...

Henry II

Henry II (1133–89)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
371 words

... II ( 1133–89 ), king of England ( 1154–89 ). Within a year of his accession, Henry II discussed a possible conquest of Ireland leading to the issue of Laudabaliter . However he did not act on this grant until Strongbow 's acquisition of Leinster, and the failure of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair ( see O'Connor, Rory ) to assert control over his activities, raised fears that Strongbow might use this new Irish lordship as a base from which to retake forcibly the earldom of Pembroke, of which Henry had deprived him. Henry mounted a large‐scale expedition to...

Henry II

Henry II (1133–1189)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...University Press, 1981. Secondary Works Beeler, John . Warfare in England, 1066–1189. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1966. Hosler, John D. Henry II: A Medieval Soldier at War, 1147–1189 . Leiden, Netherlands, and Boston: Brill, 2007. Keefe, Thomas K. Feudal Assessments and the Political Community under Henry II and His Sons. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983. Warren, W. L . Henry II. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973. John D....

Henry II

Henry II (1519–59)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
53 words

... II ( 1519–59 ) King of France ( 1547–59 ). Son and successor of Francis I , he married Catherine de' Medici but was dominated by his mistress, Diane de Poitiers , and the rival families of Guise and Montmorency. After bankrupting the royal government, the war with Spain ended with the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis ( 1559...

Henry II

Henry II (1133–89)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
274 words

... II ( 1133–89 ) King of England ( 1154–89 ). He succeeded King Stephen , who by the Treaty of Winchester ( 1153 ) had recognized Henry as his heir. As the son of Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, Henry also inherited Normandy, Maine, Touraine, Brittany, and Anjou (this last title making him the first Angevin king of England). His marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine ( 1152 ), the repudiated wife of Louis VII of France, brought Henry even greater estates in France so that his lands stretched from northern England down to the Pyrenees. These territorial gains...

Henry II

Henry II   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
509 words

... II King Henry II ( 1154–1189 ) succeeded to the throne following the civil war of the reign of Stephen ( 1135–1154 ). During that strife there had been a marked diminution in royal control of justice . For example, we find less evidence of Stephen intervening in inheritance disputes involving the men of his lords than had been the case in the reign of his predecessor, Henry I ( 1100–1135 ). Henry II stated that his aim was to restore the rights that his grandfather, Henry I, had enjoyed. However, his efforts with regard to law and justice produced a...

Henry II

Henry II (1002–1024)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... II (r. 1002–1024 ), German king and Holy Roman Emperor, last of the Saxon dynasty of emperors . Proclaimed the German king in 1002 and Holy Roman emperor in 1014 , Henry stabilized the empire’s position as the preeminent military power in central Europe. Noted for his support of the Church, he was canonized in 1147 . For the majority of his reign, Henry was at war. The death of Otto III without a designated heir created an unstable succession and, once on the throne, Henry had to deal with threats along the frontiers, maintain the position of...

Henry II

Henry II (1133–89)   Reference library

S. D. Lloyd

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
916 words

... II ( 1133–89 ), king of England ( 1154–89 ). The first of the Plantagenet kings of England was also one of the most able of all this country’s monarchs. His achievements are the more remarkable since his responsibilities encompassed not just England, but also two-thirds of France as well, for Henry was also duke of Normandy, count of Anjou, and, by right of his wife Eleanor, duke of Aquitaine . England was but part of the vast Angevin empire , each constituent dominion requiring Henry’s attention. The consequence was that Henry was frequently absent...

Henry II

Henry II   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
506 words

... II ( 1133–89 ), king of England ( 1154–89 ). The first of the Plantagenet kings of England was one of the most successful of this country's monarchs. His achievements are the more remarkable since his responsibilities encompassed not just England, but also two‐thirds of France, for Henry was also duke of Normandy, count of Anjou, and, by right of his wife Eleanor, duke of Aquitaine . England was but part of the vast Angevin empire . In England, Henry inherited in 1154 a realm severely affected by the political disintegration in Stephen's reign. He...

Henry II

Henry II (b. 5 Mar. 1133)   Quick reference

The Kings and Queens of Britain (2 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,039 words

... II , king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy, count of Anjou, b. 5 Mar. 1133 , s. of Geoffrey , count of Anjou, and Matilda ; acc. Normandy 1150 , Anjou 1151 , England 19 Dec. 1154 ; m. Eleanor , da. of William , duke of Aquitaine, 18 May 1152 ; issue: William , Henry , Matilda , Richard , Geoffrey , Eleanor , Joan , John ; d. 6 July 1189 ; bur. Fontevrault. Henry took over the claim to the throne of England of his mother, the redoubtable empress Matilda, and proved a more acceptable choice. He secured his territories in...

Henry II

Henry II   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
193 words

... II ( 973–1024 ), Holy Roman Emperor . Born in Bavaria and educated at Hildesheim, he succeeded his father, Henry the Quarrelsome, as duke of Bavaria in 995 and became emperor in 1002 . His main political aim was to unify and consolidate the German Empire. This was largely achieved through wars in the East and in Lombardy. He used the Church for his political ends, but, after being crowned by the pope in 1014 , he restored property and wealth in several sees and founded that of Bamberg, where he built both the cathedral and a monastery. He became the...

Henry II

Henry II (1133–89)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
98 words

...002 Henry II 1133 – 89 English monarch , King from 1154, grandson of henry i , and first Plantagenet king Will no one rid me of this turbulent priest? of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, murdered in Canterbury Cathedral, December 1170 oral tradition, conflating a number of variant forms, including G. Lyttelton History of the Life of King Henry the Second (1769) pt. 4: ‘so many cowardly and ungrateful men in his court, none of whom would revenge him of the injuries he sustained from one turbulent priest’ rid me of this turbulent priest...

Henry II

Henry II (1133–89)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
52 words

...002 Henry II 1133 – 89 English monarch , King from 1154 Will no one rid me of this turbulent priest? of Thomas à Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, murdered in Canterbury Cathedral, December 1170 oral tradition, conflating a number of variant forms rid me of this turbulent priest rid me of this turbulent ...

Henry II

Henry II (1133–89)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
88 words

...02 Henry II 1133 – 89 English monarch , King from 1154 Will no one rid me of this turbulent priest? of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, murdered in Canterbury Cathedral, December 1170 oral tradition, conflating a number of variant forms, including G. Lyttelton History of the Life of King Henry the Second (1769): ‘so many cowardly and ungrateful men in his court, none of whom would revenge him of the injuries he sustained from one turbulent priest’ rid me of this turbulent priest rid me of this turbulent ...

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