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Hendrick Vroom

(b Haarlem, c.1563; bur. Haarlem, 2 Feb. 1640). Dutch painter and tapestry designer, regarded as the founder of the European tradition of marine painting (there had been marine ...

Vroom, Hendrick

Vroom, Hendrick (c.1563)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
321 words

..., Hendrick ( b Haarlem, c. 1563 ; bur . Haarlem, 2 Feb. 1640 ). Dutch painter and tapestry designer, regarded as the founder of the European tradition of marine painting (there had been marine pictures before him, but he was the first artist to specialize in the field). Early in his career he travelled extensively in Spain and Italy, then settled in Haarlem in about 1590 . By this time he already had a reputation as a painter of ships and the sea, and he was soon commissioned to design a series of ten huge tapestries commemorating the defeat of the...

Vroom, Hendrick Cornelisz

Vroom, Hendrick Cornelisz (1566–1640)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
849 words

..., Hendrick Cornelisz . ( 1566–1640 ) Dutch marine artist , . The life of Hendrick Cornelisz . Vroom up to about 1600 is—according to Vroom himself—described by the biographer of many Dutch artists, Carel van Mander , in his work Het leven der doorluchtighe Nederlandtsche en Hoogh-duytsche schilders (The Lives of the Illustrious Dutch and High-German Painters; Amsterdam, 1604 ). Vroom was born in Haarlem in the Netherlands ; Vroom’s father, a sculptor and later a manufacturer of faience figures, had an influence on Hendrick’s early activities as a...

Hendrick Vroom

Hendrick Vroom  

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(b Haarlem, c.1563; bur. Haarlem, 2 Feb. 1640).Dutch painter and tapestry designer, regarded as the founder of the European tradition of marine painting (there had been marine pictures before ...
Vroom, father and son

Vroom, father and son  

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Dutch painters. Hendrick Cornelisz. (1566–1640) was the first specialist Dutch marine painter. After adventures in Poland, Spain, and Italy, where he spent two years in Rome under Medici patronage, ...
Porcellis Jan

Porcellis Jan  

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(b Ghent, c.1584; d Zouterwoude, 1632).Dutch painter, etcher, and draughtsman of marine subjects. Porcellis was Flemish by birth, but he spent most of his career in Holland, working in various towns ...
Vroom, Hendrik Corneliszoon

Vroom, Hendrik Corneliszoon   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Hendrik Corneliszoon ( c. 1563–1640 ), Dutch marine artist and tapestry-maker, the first painter to specialize in seascapes and in the depiction of ships. He was commissioned to design tapestries for the Palace of Westminster depicting the defeat of the Spanish Armada ; the tapestries were executed by Francis Spiring but were destroyed in the fire that consumed the palace on 16 October 1834 . The Dictionary of Art ; Margarita Russell , Visions of the Sea: Hendrick C. Vroom and the Origins of Dutch Marine Painting ...

Peeters, Bonaventura, the elder

Peeters, Bonaventura, the elder (1614–52)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
202 words

...known of the five. Nothing is known of his training. In 1634 he joined the guild of S. Luke in Antwerp. His early work, for example Sailing Ships near a Pier ( 1637 ; Budapest, Szépmüvészeti Mus.) is influenced by Dutch painters such as Hendrick Vroom and Salomon van Ruysdael . He also seems to have followed Vroom in painting views of coastal cities full of realistic detail. Works such as Port of Archangel ( 1644 ; London, National Maritime Mus.) may have been inspired by voyages to northern ports. He also specialized in storms and shipwrecks,...

Vroom, father and son

Vroom, father and son   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
224 words

..., father and son . Dutch painters. Hendrick Cornelisz . ( 1566–1640 ) was the first specialist Dutch marine painter. After adventures in Poland, Spain, and Italy, where he spent two years in Rome under Medici patronage, and received instruction from Paul Bril , he settled in Haarlem in 1592 . In that year he designed the enormously successful set of ten tapestries (destr. 1834 ) that Lord Howard of Effingham had commissioned to commemorate the defeat of the Spanish Armada. Thereafter he became the leading painter of large marine paintings of history...

Willaerts, Adam

Willaerts, Adam (1577–1664)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
214 words

...in 1611 he became a founder member of the guild of S. Luke. His early works, such as A Fleet of the East India Company near an Island off West Africa ( 1608 ; Amsterdam, Historical Mus.) are panoramas of carefully arranged ships on a choppy sea, strongly indebted to Hendrick Vroom , with whom he has been confused. Shipwreck off a Rocky Coast ( 1614 ; Amsterdam, Rijksmus.) is a typical example of his early storm scenes in which the high panoramic viewpoint is retained and reds and blue-greens predominate. Willaerts specialized in beach scenes with...

Wieringen, Cornelis Claeszoon van

Wieringen, Cornelis Claeszoon van (c.1580)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
540 words

...van ( b Haarlem , c. 1580 ; d Haarlem , 29 Dec 1633 ). Dutch draughtsman, painter, etcher and navigator. His name first appears in the Haarlem records in 1597 . It is generally assumed that he was a pupil of Hendrick Vroom , whose work strongly influenced his own. Documentary sources confirm that he maintained close friendships with both Hendrick Goltzius , who made woodcuts after his drawings, and Cornelis Corneliszoon van Haarlem. Van Wieringen was more than once governor of the Haarlem Guild of St Luke, a position in which he was responsible for...

Tapestry

Tapestry   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
1,089 words

...English fleet ( 1588 ) in maps and naval battles, were woven in the Northern Netherlands by François Spiering in Delft after designs by the Haarlem marine painter Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom . These tapestries, commissioned by Lord Howard of Effingham, were destroyed in a fire at the House of Lords in 1834 , but they are recorded in a series of engravings by John Pine from 1739 . Vroom also made the designs for the five naval battles of the still extant series of six Zeeland Tapestries depicting the fight against the Spanish, the first woven by...

Art

Art   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
7,367 words

...and the local government bodies formed an excellent market for shipping scenes. Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom ( c.1566–1640 ) is the most important figure of a group of Dutch painters who portrayed, using a bright palette, the source of their patrons’ affluence—proud merchantmen in the roadstead of Amsterdam —as well as naval battles and other events at sea. For the first time in history, marine painting had become a separate trade, practiced by scores of masters. In Vroom’s wake, marine painting developed in different directions. Some marine painters can be...

Painting

Painting   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
9,841 words
Illustration(s):
3

...landscape to more than a mere backdrop for religious themes. Seventeenth-Century Dutch Painting. Naval Visit of Frederic Hendricks II of Orange, 1649 by Simon de Vlieger (1600–1653). Erich Lessing / Art Resource, NY / Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna The Early Years As early as 1594 the Haarlem painter Hendrick Cornelisz . Vroom ( 1566–1640 ) was exempted from military service by the city because of his “superior” marine paintings. Vroom, who was probably inspired to paint maritime subjects by his many travels abroad, is considered the founder of the genre....

Haarlem

Haarlem   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,449 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in the area of the Bakenesserkerk or near the Grote Markt: Hendrick Vroom ( c. 1563–1640 ), for instance, was a neighbour of Hendrick Goltzius. It is also known from inventories that Haarlem artists owned each other's work. The development of naturalism in Haarlem at the turn of the 17th century and the artificial, contrived images of Haarlem Mannerism in the late 16th century appear to have sprouted from a common source: the so-called Haarlem Academy of the 1580s, established jointly by hendrick Goltzius , cornelis Corneliszoon van haarlem and Karel van...

Passe, (van) de

Passe, (van) de   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,048 words

...van de Aeneis door Crispijn de Passe de Oude ’, Hermeneus , liv (1982), pp. 304–13 I.   M. Veldman : ‘ Keulen als toevluchtsoord voor Nederlandse kunstenaars (1567–1612) ’ [Dutch artists in exile in Cologne, 1567–1612], Oud-Holland , 107 (1993), pp. 34–57 I. M. Veldman : ‘ Vroom en ongeschonden: Deugdzame vrouwen als morele exempla bij Crispijn de Passe de Oude ’ [Virtuous women as moral examples in the work of Crispijn de Passe the elder], Deugd en Ondeugd. Jaarboek voor vrouwengeschiedenis , xiii (1993), pp. 39–60 I. M. Veldman : ‘Love Emblems by...

Topographical art

Topographical art   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,020 words

...many of the genres of painting that evolved in the 17th-century Dutch Republic, and it is entirely characteristic that urban topography should have been one of those genres. The first type that emerged, in the first quarter of the century, was the city profile developed by Hendrick Vroom , which had its roots in cartographic prints. The ultimate culmination of that line was Vermeer 's View of Delft ( 1658 ; The Hague, Mauritshuis). In the second half of the century artists like Berckheyde and van der Heyden developed a specialist genre of small,...

Backhuysen, Ludolf

Backhuysen, Ludolf (1630–1708)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
1,763 words
Illustration(s):
1

...historical painting (View of Amsterdam , Louvre, Paris ) dates from 1665 . A fee list from 1680 shows that Backhuysen enjoyed a comfortable lifestyle. Among his possessions were thirty-two paintings, many among them landscapes by Dutch contemporaries like Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom and Jan van Huchtenburgh . Until at least 1685 , Backhuysen was also teaching calligraphy. There is an entry in the Amsterdam archives dated December 6–12, 1689, in which the maritime painter Aernout Smit admits to having copied two years previously a square...

Stuart [Stewart], House of

Stuart [Stewart], House of   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,926 words

...a Shell (Brit. Royal Col.), Hans Vredeman de Vries, including Christ in the House of Martha and Mary (Brit. Royal Col.), Jacob de Backer (e.g. the Parable of the Tares , attrib.; Oxford, Somerville Coll.) and marine paintings by Jan Porcellis ( 1584–1632 ) and Hendrick Vroom ( c. 1563–1640 ). Paintings already in England were also donated: Arundel , Robert Cecil , 1st Earl of Salisbury, and the German Steelyard merchants in London were among the earliest donors. The German Steelyard presented Holbein's great pair of allegorical paintings, the...

Haarlem

Haarlem   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...stadt (Maarssen, 1978) Teyler, 1778–1978: Studies en bijdragen over Teylers Stichting naar aanleiding van het tweede eeuwfeest (Haarlem, 1978) H. Miedema : De archiefbescheiden van het St Lucasgilde te Haarlem, 1497–1798 , 2 vols (Alphen aan de Rijn, 1980) N. B. A. Vroom : A Modest Message as Intimated by the Painters of the ‘Monochrome Banketje’ (Schiedam, 1980) J. J. Temminck : Haarlem door de eeuwen heen (Haarlem, 1982) P. T. A. Sormani : Bijdrage tot een bibliografie van Haarlem, 1961–1980 (Haarlem, 1983) J. J. Temminck : ‘The Saint...

Netherlands, Northern

Netherlands, Northern   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
22,426 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Seventeenth Century ’, Apollo , 110 (1979), pp. 466–75 J. Sterk : Philips van Bourgondië (1465–1524), bisschop van Utrecht, als protagonist van de renaissance: Zijn leven en mecenaat (Zutphen, 1980) W. H. Vroom : De financiering van de kathedraalbouw in de middeleeuwen, in het bijzonder de dom van Utrecht (Maarssen, 1981) B. Dubbe and W. H. Vroom : ‘Mecenaat en kunstmarkt in de Nederlanden gedurende de zestiende eeuw’, Kunst voor de beeldenstorm: Noordnederlandse kunst, 1525–1580 , 2 vols (exh. cat., Amsterdam, Rijksmus., 1986) The Dutch World of...

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