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Heinrich Himmler

Subject: History

(1900–45) German leader, chief of the SS (1929–45) and of the Gestapo (1936–45). He established and oversaw the programme of systematic genocide of more than 6 million Jews and ...

Himmler, Heinrich

Himmler, Heinrich (1900–45)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
49 words

..., Heinrich ( 1900–45 ) German Nazi leader . In 1929 , he became head of the ss . After the Nazis came to power in 1933 , Himmler assumed control of the German Gestapo and of the concentration camps . Captured by the British in 1945 , he committed suicide before the Nuremberg Trials...

Himmler, Heinrich

Himmler, Heinrich (1900–45)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
61 words

..., Heinrich ( 1900–45 ) German leader , chief of the SS ( 1929–45 ) and of the Gestapo ( 1936–45 ). He established and oversaw the programme of systematic genocide of more than 6 million Jews and other disfavoured groups between 1941 and 1945 . He was captured by British forces in 1945 , and committed suicide by swallowing a cyanide capsule....

Himmler, Heinrich

Himmler, Heinrich (1900–45)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
127 words

..., Heinrich (Munich, 1900–45 , Lüneburg), trained at an agricultural college, took to politics in 1923 , participating in Hitler's attempted coup d'état in Munich. In 1929 he was placed at the head of the SS . After 1933 he was prefect of police in Munich and then head of the Gestapo, in which capacity he evinced a merciless efficiency. The concentration camps, the extermination of the Jews and the terrorization of the populations of occupied countries came within his scope. In 1944 Himmler was given military command, which in 1945 included...

Himmler, Heinrich

Himmler, Heinrich (7 Oct. 1900)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
470 words

...Himmler, Heinrich (b. Munich , 7 Oct. 1900 ; d. Lüneburg , 23 May 1945 ) German Chief of Police 1936–45 , leader of the SS 1929–45 , Minister of the Interior 1943–5 The son of a Catholic secondary schoolteacher, Himmler served as a cadet in the 11th Bavarian Infantry without seeing action in World War I. He took up the study of agriculture, but was soon involved in right-wing politics and took part in Hitler 's Munich putsch ( 1923 ). He became a poultry farmer in 1928 , only to be appointed head of the then small SS a year later by Hitler...

Himmler, Heinrich

Himmler, Heinrich (1900–1945)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
260 words

..., Heinrich ( 1900–1945 ) German Nazi leader and head of the SS. Born in Munich, the son of a schoolmaster, Himmler was educated at a high school in Landshut, Bavaria, before joining the Bavarian infantry as a cadet-clerk in 1917 . After World War I he studied agriculture at Munich Technical College, becoming a poultry farmer in Bavaria and associating with a right-wing paramilitary nationalist organization. A participant in the Beer Hall putsch in 1923 , which attempted to overthrow the government, he became progressively more involved with the...

Himmler, Heinrich

Himmler, Heinrich (1900–45)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

..., Heinrich ( 1900–45 ). Son of a Catholic schoolmaster, who was Nazi head of the SS from 1929 to 1945 , and Germany's minister of the interior from 1943 to 1945 . Born in Munich, Himmler trained as an officer cadet at the end of the First World War without seeing active service, then studied at Munich's technical college where he obtained an agricultural diploma. He worked as a fertilizer salesman then as a poultry farmer, joined the Nazi Party in 1925 , served as a deputy Gauleiter , became deputy leader of the SS in 1927 and its head in ...

Himmler, Heinrich

Himmler, Heinrich (7 Oct. 1900)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
453 words

..., Heinrich (b. Munich , 7 Oct. 1900 ; d. Lüneburg , 23 May 1945 ) German ; Chief of Police 1936–45 , leader of the SS 1929–45 , Minister of the Interior 1943–45 The son of a Catholic secondary schoolteacher, Himmler served as a cadet in the 11th Bavarian Infantry without seeing action in the First World War. He took up the study of agriculture, but was soon involved in right-wing politics and took part in Hitler 's Munich putsch ( 1923 ). He became a poultry farmer in 1928 , only to be appointed head of the then small SS a year later by ...

Himmler, Heinrich

Himmler, Heinrich   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
80 words
Himmler, Heinrich

Himmler, Heinrich   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
75 words
Himmler, Heinrich

Himmler, Heinrich   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
57 words
Heinrich Himmler

Heinrich Himmler  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1900–45)German leader, chief of the SS (1929–45) and of the Gestapo (1936–45). He established and oversaw the programme of systematic genocide of more than 6 million Jews and other disfavoured ...
RSHA

RSHA  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Created by a decree of Heinrich Himmler on 27 September 1939 (with effect from 1 October), the Reichssicherheitshauptamt, or Reich Security Main Office, brought policing in the Third Reich under ...
Sipo

Sipo  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(security police), was the organization formed in 1936 as part of Himmler's reorganization of the German police. It comprised the state criminal investigation branch, Kripo and the secret state ...
Volksgrenadier

Volksgrenadier  

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Overview Page
(people's grenadier), German divisions formed within Himmler's Replacement Army (see Germany, 6(b) from September 1944 onwards and mostly used to defend the West Wall. They were raised to replace ...
Vor dem Ruhestand. Eine Komödie von deutscher Seele

Vor dem Ruhestand. Eine Komödie von deutscher Seele  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A play by Th. Bernhard, published in 1975. The former SS officer, protégé of Himmler, and concentration camp commander Rudolf Höller (‘hell’) has hidden for ten years in the basement ...
Lebensborn

Lebensborn  

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Overview Page
A neologism meaning ‘fountain of life’, was a Nazi programme organized by Himmler to increase the birthrate of ‘racially sound’ babies.The Lebensborn Registered Society was formed in December 1935 ...
Kripo

Kripo  

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Overview Page
Was the German state criminal investigation branch. In 1936, when Himmler embarked on a reorganization of the police it became, with the Gestapo, a branch of the newly formed Sicherheitspolizei ...
Lt-General Karl Wolff

Lt-General Karl Wolff  

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Overview Page
(1906–84),early SS member who was a pre-war chief of staff to Himmler. After Italy's surrender in September 1943 he became military governor of northern Italy and head of the ...
Joel Brand

Joel Brand  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1906–64),Hungarian Jew who was a leading member of the Jewish Aid and Rescue Committee in Hungary. In May 1944 Eichmann, then inflicting the Final Solution on Hungarian Jews, ordered ...
General Baron Werner von Fritsch

General Baron Werner von Fritsch  

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Overview Page
(1880–1939),German Army officer who served as a staff officer during the First World War. He was promoted maj-general in October 1932, and lt-general and C-in-C of the army in February 1934.[...]

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