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Harriet Martineau

Subject: Literature

(1802–76), was a devout Unitarian in youth. Her first published work was Devotional Exercises (1823). Between 1832 and 1834 she published a series of stories, Illustrations of ...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
38 words

..., Harriet ( 1802–76 ) English writer . Deaf from birth, her works include the nine-volume Illustrations of Political Economy ( 1832–34 ). In 1834 she visited the USA and her anti-slavery views are contained in Society in America ( 1837...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
45 words

..., Harriet ( 1802–76 ), novelist and political economist : b. Norwich ; lives in Ambleside 1845–76 ; first meets Charlotte Brontë in London ( Bayswater : Westbourne St.) 1849 ; buried in Birmingham . Illustrations of Political Economy 1832–4 , Deerbrook 1839 , Complete Guide to the Lakes 1855 , Autobiography 1877...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
706 words

...to John Chapman in 1856 , Eliot made what she called an ‘odd request’: ‘When Harriet Martineau dies—if I outlive her—and her memoirs are published, I should like to write an article upon her. I need hardly say that mine would be an admiring appreciation of her’ ( L ii. 258). See also Unitarianism ; woman question . GF Harriet Martineau: Selected Letters , ed. Valerie Sanders (1990). David, Deirdre , Intellectual Women and Victorian Patriarchy: Harriet Martineau, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, George Eliot (1987). Gallagher, Catherine , The Industrial...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

..., Harriet ( 1802–76 ) , essayist, novelist, social reformer; author of Illustrations of Political Economy ( 1832–4 ). At a dinner party given by the Milmans of Pinner, friends of the Trollopes, she was scornful of Frances Trollope 's book on America (Glendinning 73 n). Mrs Trollope 's Cincinnati Bazaar she called ‘the great deformity of the city’ (quoted Hall 28 n.). RCT R. C....

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
319 words

...Martineau, Harriet ( 1802–76 ), writer . Brought up in a Unitarian family in Norwich, she made her name with her Illustrations of Political Economy ( 1832–4 ), popularizing ideas of social reform through simple stories. In ‘A Manchester Strike’ she touched on themes later embodied in Shirley —a novel Charlotte Brontë presented to Martineau in November 1849 , acknowledging the ‘pleasure and profit’ derived from her works, especially her novel Deerbrook ( 1839 ). Martineau's ‘affectionate approbation’ of the gift emboldened Charlotte to visit her in...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)   Reference library

Sally Ledger

The Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
381 words

...his part, Dickens humorously described Martineau's grim determination on ‘the enlightenment of mankind’ (to W. H. Wills , 14 October 1854 ). His humour deserted him when he later confided to the same friend that he deplored Martineau's ‘vomit of conceit’ and declared, ‘there never was such a wrong-headed woman born—such a vain one—or such humbug’ (to W. H. Wills , 6 January 1856 ). Sally Ledger Fielding, K. J. and Smith, Anne , ‘ Hard Times and the Factory Controversy: Dickens vs Harriet Martineau’, in A. Nesbit and Blake Nevius ...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
341 words

...stories, adventure books, survival tales, and historical fiction. See also Adventure Books ; Historical Fiction ; and School Stories . Adrienne E. Gavin Pichanick, Valerie Kossew . Harriet Martineau: The Woman and her Work . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1980. Sanders, Valerie . Reason Over Passion: Harriet Martineau and the Victorian Novel . New York: St. Martin's,...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Literature
Length:
152 words

..., Harriet ( 1802–76 ), English author , wrote popularizations of social, philosophic, and economic subjects, as well as novels and stories for children. In 1834–6 she traveled from New England and New York to the Great Lakes and New Orleans. Returning to England, she published Society in America (1837), a study of American economic, political, and social institutions, and Retrospect of Western Travel (1838), sketches of her experiences. The latter was entertainingly written and enjoyed popular success, but the former, although sympathizing in...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
298 words

..., Harriet ( 1802–76 ) Harriet Martineau was effectively the first woman sociologist. Martineau, who was English and of Huguenot origin, wrote the first systematic treatise in sociology, carried out numerous cross-national comparative studies of social institutions, wrote a handbook on observational methods, and translated Auguste Comte's Cours de philosophie positive into English. A professional and prolific writer, she popularized much social-scientific information by presenting it in the form of novels. Feminist, critic, social scientist, and...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,048 words

...“Force”, and Mesmerism: Charles Bray and Harriet Martineau’, in Making It Whole: A Victorian Circle and the Shape of Their World (Columbus, 1984), chap. 3, pp.110ff. Sanders, Valerie , Reason Over Passion: Harriet Martineau and the Victorian Novel (Sussex, 1986). ——, Harriet Martineau: Selected Letters (Oxford, 1990). Thomas, Gillian , Harriet Martineau (Boston, 1985). Webb, Robert Kiefer , Harriet Martineau: A Radical Victorian (New York, 1960). Yates, Gayle Graham , (ed.), Harriet Martineau on Women (New Jersey, 1985). Susan...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–1876)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
137 words

..., Harriet ( 1802–1876 ) Pioneering feminist and social theorist . Born of Huguenot family in Norwich, Martineau earned her own financial independence by journalism and writing books, in particular using fiction to illustrate the new science of political economy. These writings gave her the independence to travel, and she used a visit to America to produce Society in America ( 1837 ) and Retrospect of Western Travel ( 1838 ). These empirical studies came at the same time as her foundational treatise on sociological data collection, How to...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
162 words

..., Harriet ( 1802–76 ), English author, wrote popularizations of social, philosophic, and economic subjects, as well as novels and stories for children. In 1834–36 she traveled from New England and New York to the Great Lakes and New Orleans. Returning to England, she published Society in America ( 1837 ), a study of American economic, political, and social institutions, and Retrospect of Western Travel ( 1838 ), sketches of her experiences. The latter was entertainingly written and had a popular success, but the former, although sympathizing in...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of British Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
1,176 words

..., Harriet ( 1802–76 ) Martineau was born in Norwich on 12 June 1802 , and died in Ambleside, Cumberland on 27 June 1876 . She was the sixth of eight children of Thomas Martineau and Elizabeth Rankins. The Martineaus were a well-off Unitarian family. The father was a prosperous cloth manufacturer who provided a comfortable living for his wife and children until the bankruptcy of the family business in 1829 , caused by the general economic crisis of 1825 . From the age of twelve, Harriet Martineau suffered from a progressive deafness that heightened...

MARTINEAU, Harriet

MARTINEAU, Harriet (1802–76)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
258 words

...MARTINEAU, Harriet ( 1802–76 ) Daughter of a Norwich manufacturer, Martineau came to fame when she was thirty by writing a series of stories illustrating political economy. She was the author of several children’s books, the four best known appearing quarterly in 1841 under the series title ‘The Playfellow’. The first of these, The Settlers at Home , is a dramatic story of a flood which surrounds the home of a group of Dutch Protestant settlers in Lincolnshire during the Civil War. The Peasant and the Prince consists of two historical narratives set...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
414 words

...on public and literary figures of her day. On several occasions she refused the offer of a Civil List pension, feeling it would compromise her independence. See S. Hoecker-Drysdale , Harriet Martineau: First Woman Sociologist (1992) ; Valerie Sanders , Reason over Passion: Harriet Martineau and the Victorian Novel (1986) ; The Collected Letters of Harriet Martineau , ed. D. A Logan , 5 vols...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
3,206 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Haven, CT, 1986. Important discussion of Martineau as autobiographer. Roberts, Caroline . The Woman and the Hour: Harriet Martineau and Victorian Ideologies . Toronto, 2002. Astute analysis of Martineau's place in Victorian intellectual history. Webb, R. K. Harriet Martineau: A Radical Victorian . New York, 1960. An important pioneering work in Martineau scholarship. Wheatley, Vera . The Life and Work of Harriet Martineau . London, 1957. Straightforward and factual biography. Yates, Gayle Graham . Harriet Martineau on Women . New Brunswick, NJ, 1985....

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
213 words

..., Harriet ( 1802–76 ) Writer and journalist , deaf throughout her adult life. A devout Unitarian in youth, her first published work was Devotional Exercises ( 1823 ); she later repudiated her Unitarian faith, and indeed all religious belief. Between 1832 and 1834 she published a series of immensely successful didactic stories, Illustrations of Political Economy , revealing both her passion for social reform and the influence of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill . Her tales for Henry Brougham 's Society for the Diffusion of Useful...

Martineau, Harriet

Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., Harriet ( 1802–76 ), radical writer , has been called both the first woman journalist in England and the first woman sociologist. The sixth of eight children of Thomas Martineau , a textile manufacturer, she grew up in a widely connected, predominantly *Unitarian intellectual circle, though her childhood and youth were often unhappy, owing to ill health and the early onset of deafness. Following excellent early schooling and rigorous self-education, she became an enthusiastic adherent of *Necessarianism . In 1822 she began to publish devotional...

Harriet Martineau

Harriet Martineau (1802–76)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
57 words

...0Harriet Harriet Martineau 1802 – 76 English writer The sum and substance of female education in America, as in England, is training women to consider marriage as the sole object in life, and to pretend that they do not think so. Society in America (1837) substance of female education substance of female education marriage as the sole...

Harriet Martineau

Harriet Martineau (1802–76)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of American Quotations (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
65 words

...Harriet Martineau 1802 – 76 Milton must have travelled in Michigan before he wrote the garden parts of Paradise Lost . Society in America , 1837 A Sunday-school teacher asked a child…“In what state were mankind left after the fall?”—“In the state of Vermont.” Society in America , 1837 This large city lay in the landscape like an anthill in a meadow. Retrospect of Western Travel ,...

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