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Harlem Renaissance

Subject: Literature

A notable phase of black American writing centred in Harlem (a predominantly black area of New York City) in the 1920s. Announced by Alain Locke's anthology The New Negro (1925), the ...

Harlem Renaissance

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
34 words

... Renaissance Period of creativity, particularly in literature, among African-Americans in the 1920s. Centred in Harlem , New York City, the Renaissance produced many fine writers, such as Countee Cullen , Langston Hughes , and Claude McKay...

Harlem Renaissance

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
79 words

... Renaissance . A term describing a flowering of activity among black American artists in the 1920s, centred on the Harlem district of New York. It was primarily a literary movement, but there were also visual artists involved, notably Aaron Douglas ( 1899–1979 ), who is regarded as the first black American painter consciously to incorporate African imagery in his pictures. An exhibition entitled ‘Rhapsodies in Black: Art of the Harlem Renaissance’ was held at the Hayward Gallery, London, in 1997...

Harlem Renaissance

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The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... Renaissance A notable phase of black American writing centred in Harlem (a predominantly black area of New York City) in the 1920s. Announced by Alain Locke ’s anthology The New Negro ( 1925 ), the movement included the poets Langston Hughes , Jean Toomer , Countee Cullen , and Claude McKay , continuing into the 1930s with the novels of Zora Neale Hurston and Arna Bontemps . It brought a new self-awareness and critical respect to black literature in the United States. Further reading: George Hutchinson , The Harlem Renaissance in Black and...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
87 words

... Renaissance A movement of artists, musicians, and writers who made Harlem, New York City the centre of African-American cultural life in the 1920s and 1930s, following the Great Migration of 1914–18 from the southern United States. The concentration of creative energy in a relatively free social context was to bring new life and expression to all the arts in New York and well beyond in following decades. Painters influenced by the Harlem Renaissance include Romare Bearden, William H. Johnson, and Jacob Lawrence. See also north america...

Harlem Renaissance

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,301 words

...Poetry of the Harlem Renaissance . New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1989. Huggins, Nathan Irvin . Harlem Renaissance . New York: Oxford University Press, 1971. Hutchinson, George . The Harlem Renaissance in Black and White . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1995. Hutchinson, George , ed. The Cambridge Companion to the Harlem Renaissance . New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Lewis, David Levering . When Harlem Was in Vogue . New York: Knopf, 1981. Lewis, David Levering , ed. The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader . New York:...

Harlem Renaissance

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Amritjit Singh

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

.... ] Bibliography Baker, Houston A. Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. Carroll, Anne Elizabeth . Word, Image, and the New Negro: Representation and Identity in the Harlem Renaissance . Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005. Helbling, Mark . The Harlem Renaissance: The One and the Many . Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1999. Huggins, Nathan . Harlem Renaissance . New York: Oxford University Press, 1971. Hutchinson, George The Harlem Renaissance in Black and White . Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of...

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The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
99 words

... Renaissance The flourishing of African American literature and culture in the 1920s and 1930s, centred on the Harlem district of New York. Anthologies such as Alain Locke's The New Negro ( 1925 ) helped promote a new ethnic pride; there was the first staging of a play by an African American on Broadway in 1925 ; landmark works of the decade included Jean Toomer 's Cane ( 1923 ). The new poets included Countee Cullen and Langston Hughes . James Weldon Johnson and Zora Neale Hurston also began their careers in this...

Harlem Renaissance.

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Amritjit Singh

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
868 words

...; New York City ; Twenties, The . Nathan Huggins , Harlem Renaissance , 1971. Amritjit Singh , The Novels of the Harlem Renaissance , 1976. David Levering Lewis , When Harlem Was in Vogue , 1987. Houston A. Baker , Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance , 987. Amritjit Singh et al. , eds. The Harlem Renaissance: Revaluations , 1989. Cheryl A. Wall , Women of the Harlem Renaissance , 1995. George Hutchinson , The Harlem Renaissance in Black and White , 1995. Mark Helbling , The Harlem Renaissance: The One and the Many , 1999. Amritjit...

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The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
352 words

... Renaissance A period of African American cultural renewal that peaked in the 1920s before gradually diminishing during the Depression years of the 1930s. Like the American Scene movement , the Harlem Renaissance grew in part from the period’s fascination with American identity. In its drive to fashion a distinctly contemporary African American point of view, the movement self-consciously engaged modern styles of expression. Sometimes alternatively known as the New Negro movement, the Harlem Renaissance also reflected a black nationalism that found its...

Harlem Renaissance

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Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,723 words
Illustration(s):
2

...considered synonymous with the Harlem Renaissance but also stood alone as a reflection of new political awareness and racial pride that emerged in the early years of the century and became a dominant factor during and following World War I. The Emergence of the Harlem Renaissance. A number of events signaled the beginnings of the Harlem Renaissance. The first took place in music, as the blues and jazz made their way from cities such as New Orleans, Memphis, St. Louis, and Chicago to New York City—particularly Harlem. Pioneered by W. C. Handy and other...

Harlem Renaissance

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The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
2,697 words

...Vogue (1981). Jervis Anderson , This Was Harlem (1982). Victor Kramer , ed., The Harlem Renaissance Re-examined (1986). Bruce Kellner , ed., The Harlem Renaissance: A Historical Dictionary for the Era (1987). Trudier Harris , ed., Dictionary of Literary Biography: Afro-American Writers from the Harlem Renaissance to 1940 (1987). Cary D. Wintz , Black Culture and the Harlem Renaissance (1988). Elizabeth Brown-Guillory , ed., Wines in the Wilderness: Plays by African-American Women from the Harlem Renaissance to the Present (1990). Craig Hansen...

Harlem Renaissance

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A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
272 words

... Renaissance A term describing a flowering of activity among black American artists in the 1920s, centred on the Harlem district of New York. It was primarily a literary movement, one of the leading figures being Alain Locke ( 1886–1954 ), an editor, literary critic, art historian, and philosopher (from 1907 to 1910 he had been the first black Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University, and in 1918 he became professor of philosophy at Howard University, Washington DC). In 1925 he edited a special issue of the Survey Graphic magazine entitled ‘Harlem,...

Harlem Renaissance

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The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
215 words

... Renaissance The flourishing of African American literature and culture, centred on the Harlem district of New York, which took place in the 1920s and 1930s. Among the anthologies produced in this period, Alain Locke's The New Negro ( 1925 ) helped promote a new ethnic pride. The movement included mutual help within the community as well as assistance by white patrons including Carl Van Vechten ( 1880–1964 ). Developments in the theatre led to the first staging of a play by an African American on Broadway in 1925 , and landmark works of the decade...

Harlem Renaissance

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Kenneth W. Warren

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,581 words

...of modernism on the Harlem Renaissance is still the subject of intense disagreement. Houston A. Baker Jr.’s Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance ( 1987 ) holds that the tenets of European and American modernism played only a small role in black cultural production of the period, whereas George Hutchinson’s The Harlem Renaissance in Black and White ( 1995 ) asserts that the American, anti-Eliot grain of modernism—fueled by William James’s and John Dewey’s pragmatist philosophy—constituted the most vital source of Harlem Renaissance thinking. In any case,...

Harlem Renaissance

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
2,331 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Larsen, Novelist of the Harlem Renaissance: A Woman's Life Unveiled . Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1994. Gable, Craig , ed. Ebony Rising: Short Fiction of the Greater Harlem Renaissance Era . Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004. Hull, Gloria T. Color, Sex, and Poetry: Three Women Writers of the Harlem Renaissance . Bloomington: Indiana University Press,1987. Hurston, Zora Neale . Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937). Thorndike, Me.: G. K. Hall, 1996. Jones, Sharon L. Rereading the Harlem Renaissance: Race, Class, and Gender...

Harlem Renaissance

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The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,794 words

... When Harlem Was in Vogue (New York, 1981) Harlem Renaissance: Art of Black America (exh. cat. by M. Campbell and others, New York, Studio Mus. Harlem, 1987) Against the Odds: African-American Artists and the Harmon Foundation 1923–1943 (exh. cat. by G. Reynolds and B. Wright , Newark, NJ, Mus. A., 1990) Paris Connections: African American Artists in Paris (exh. cat., Fort Bragg, NC, Bomani Gal., 1992) G. Hutchinson : The Harlem Renaissance in Black and White (Cambridge, 1995) A. Kirschke : Aaron Douglas: Art, Race, and the Harlem Renaissance ...

Harlem Renaissance

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Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
551 words

... Renaissance . A literary movement shaped by cultural nationalism that revolutionized African American society, the Harlem Renaissance has been interpreted as an attempt to secure “civil rights by copyright,” as David Levering Lewis put it. The post–World War I era was a fragmented time; African Americans had made significant social and economic gains in the war years, signified by the growth of a vibrant and increasingly successful middle class that had access and opportunity to education, literature, and travel. These gains aside, the trajectory of race...

Harlem Renaissance

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,315 words

...of the Harlem Renaissance: A Woman's Life Unveiled . Baton Rouge, La., 1994. Douglas, Ann . Terrible Honesty: Mongrel Manhattan in the 1920s . New York, 1995. An excellent study of the relationship between black and white cultural production during the Harlem Renaissance. Part 3 is dedicated entirely to the Renaissance. Huggins, Nathan Irvin . Harlem Renaissance . New York, 1973. The first full-length, detailed study of the Harlem Renaissance, Huggins's book set the standard for understanding the period until David Levering Lewis's When Harlem Was in...

Harlem Renaissance

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Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,291 words

...modernism on the Harlem Renaissance is still the subject of intense disagreement. Houston A. Baker, Jr. 's Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance ( 1987 ) holds that the tenets of European and American modernism played only a small role in black cultural production of the period, whereas George Hutchinson 's The Harlem Renaissance in Black and White ( 1995 ) asserts that the American, anti-Eliot grain of modernism—fueled by William James 's and John Dewey 's pragmatist philosophy—constituted the most vital source of Harlem Renaissance thinking. In any...

Harlem Renaissance

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Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
5,220 words
Illustration(s):
2

...rights movement was in Harlem itself. The famous Baker of the Harlem Renaissance is Josephine Baker , who became America’s most notorious expatriate. But Ella Josephine Baker, who would be instrumental in virtually every action of the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, including the founding of the Student Nonviolence Coordinating Committee ( SNCC ), was national director of the Young Negroes Cooperative League in Harlem. She also worked with the Harlem Housewives Cooperative and the NAACP. Although the Harlem Renaissance has been seen primarily...

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