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Harald Hardrada

(d. 1066) Half brother of St Óláfr; sole king of Norway, 1047–66. Having escaped from the battle of Stiklastaðir, he grew up in Russia and entered military service in ...

Harald Hardrada

Harald Hardrada (1015–1066)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... Hardrada (c. 1015–1066 ), King of Norway. Harald Sigurdsson was the youngest of three sons of King Sigurd of Norway; his biography is recorded in the romantic thirteenth-century King Harald’s Saga by Snorri Sturluson . In 1030 , King Cnut of England and Denmark invaded Norway, and Harald’s elder half-brother, King Olaf II Haraldsson , was killed defending his realm. Although only about fifteen years old, Harald escaped with a small band and fled to Kiev, where they served King Yaroslav for several years. In time Harald saw better...

Harald Hardrada

Harald Hardrada  

(d. 1066)Half brother of St Óláfr; sole king of Norway, 1047–66. Having escaped from the battle of Stiklastaðir, he grew up in Russia and entered military service in Constantinople. ...
Theodoricus monachus

Theodoricus monachus  

Author of a short Latin history (c.1180) of the Norwegian kings from Harald Fairhair to Haraldr gilli (d. 1136), titled Historia de antiquitate regum norwagiensium. A dedication to Archbishop ...
Sweyn Estrithsson

Sweyn Estrithsson  

(d. 1074),king of Denmark (1047–74). Overshadowed by his rival Harold Hardrada, king of Norway, Sweyn nevertheless posed a significant threat to the rulers of England. The son of Cnut's sister ...
Magnus I Olafsson

Magnus I Olafsson  

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(c. 1024–1047),King of Norway from 1035 to his death. The illegitimate son of King Olaf II Haraldsson (Saint Olaf), Magnus was brought up in the Kievan Rus’. He returned ...
George Maniakes

George Maniakes  

General and usurper; died Ostrovo near Thessalonike between Apr. and early June 1043 (Shepard, “Russians Attack” 174, n.4).Of low birth, Maniakes (Μανιάκης) impressed even his opponents by his great ...
battle of Fulford

battle of Fulford  

1066.Eight months after Harold Godwineson's succession in January 1066, Harold Hardrada, king of Norway, launched a major attack, in conjunction with Tostig, Harold's brother. They sailed up the Ouse ...
battle of Stamford Bridge

battle of Stamford Bridge  

1066.A victory for King Harold Godwineson over Harold Hardrada, king of Norway, and his own brother Tostig, both of whom were killed. Harold Hardrada was asserting a purported promise of succession ...
Tostig

Tostig  

(c. 1025–66),younger brother of Harold, who was briefly, in 1066, king of England, and of Eadgyth, Edward the Confessor's queen. With Tostig's appointment to Northumbria, his family seemed set ...
earl of Orkney Thorfinn

earl of Orkney Thorfinn  

(c.1009–c. 1065).It is clear that ‘Thorfinn the Mighty’ wielded great power. He succeeded his father Sigurd as earl of Orkney when a small boy in 1014. He was a grandson of Malcolm II of Scotland. He ...
Battle of Hastings

Battle of Hastings  

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(14 October 1066)A battle fought at Senlac, inland from Hastings (south-east England) between the English under Harold II and an invading army under Duke William of Normandy (William I). Harold heard ...
Godwine

Godwine  

(d. 1053).Godwine rose to prominence in the reign of Cnut, as one of his chief advisers, and has traditionally been held responsible for the brutal death of Æthelred the Unready's exiled son Alfred ...
Stigand

Stigand  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c. 1000–72),archbishop of Canterbury (1052–70), was a worldly prelate. Promoted rapidly by Edward the Confessor, he held the bishoprics of Winchester and Canterbury in plurality after 1052. His ...
Varangians

Varangians  

Any of the Scandinavian voyagers who travelled by land and up rivers into Russia in the 9th and 10th centuries ad, establishing the Rurik dynasty and gaining great influence in the Byzantine Empire. ...
Harold II

Harold II  

B. c.1022, 2nd s. of earl Godwin and Gytha; acc. 6 Jan. 1066; m. Ealdgyth, da. of earl Aelfgar, 1066; issue: Harold; also (illeg.) 4 s. 2 das. by Eadgyth Swanneshals (‘Swanneck’); d. 14 Oct. 1066; ...
saga

saga  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
[Ge]Old Norse word meaning a story (originally in prose) of quasi‐legendary events; colloquially, a long tale. Used chiefly to describe the historical stories current in Iceland in the Middle Ages.
Norman Conquest

Norman Conquest  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The period beginning in 1066 with Duke William of Normandy's victory over the English at the Battle of Hastings. As William I (1066–87) he established a military superiority over the English, ...
Stamford Bridge, Battle of

Stamford Bridge, Battle of (25 September 1066)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
69 words

...Bridge, Battle of ( 25 September 1066 ) A battle at a village on the River Derwent in Yorkshire, north-east England, in which Harold II of England defeated a large invading army under his exiled brother Tostig and the King of Norway, Harald Hardrada, both of whom were killed. Harold’s army marched south from Stamford to face the Norman invasion and fight the Battle of Hastings...

Harold II Godwinson

Harold II Godwinson (c.1020–66)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
112 words

...c .1020–66 ) King of the English ( 1066 ). Son of Earl *Godwine of Wessex , Harold held the *earldom after his father’s death in 1053 and was chosen king upon the death of *Edward the Confessor . Facing two other claimants to the English throne, he defeated *Harald ‘Hardrule’ (or Hardrada, ‘hard ruler’) of Norway, who was supported by Harold ’s brother, *Tostig , at the battle of *Stamford Bridge in September , 1066 , and was in turn killed at the battle of *Hastings in October. See also norman conquest . Mel Storm P. Compton , Harold the...

Hastings, Battle of

Hastings, Battle of (14 October 1066)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
113 words

...Battle of ( 14 October 1066 ) A battle fought at Senlac, inland from Hastings (south-east England) between the English under Harold II and an invading army under Duke William of Normandy ( William I ). Harold heard the news of the Norman invasion after his defeat of Harald Hardrada at Stamford Bridge , near York, and immediately marched southwards with his troops. The English resisted the Norman attack throughout a long day’s fighting but the Norman cavalry and crossbowmen were superior to the English soldiers, fighting on foot and armed with axes....

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