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György Lukács

Subject: Literature

(1885–1971) Hungarian Marxist philosopher. Lukács was briefly a minister in the Hungarian government in 1919 and again in 1956, although he spent years in exile in Russia. Lukács ...

Lukacs, György

Lukacs, György (1885–1971)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
44 words

..., György ( 1885–1971 ) Hungarian literary critic and philosopher . He joined the Communist Party in 1918 , and was exiled after the abortive 1919 revolution. He returned to Budapest in 1945 . Lukacs ' writings include History and Class Consciousness ( 1923 ) and The Historical Novel ( 1955...

Lukács, György

Lukács, György (1885–1971)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
141 words

..., György ( 1885–1971 ) Hungarian Marxist philosopher . Lukács was briefly a minister in the Hungarian government in 1919 and again in 1956 , although he spent years in exile in Russia. Lukács saw in Marxism the way to overcome the duality of subject and object inherent in western thought: the experience of the working class can become both the subject and the object of history, thereby achieving the necessary harmony and totality (the thought here depends on a Hegelian framework). At this point, too, the blinkers of capitalist ideology, and in...

Lukács, György

Lukács, György (1885–1971)   Quick reference

Ian Fraser

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
245 words

..., György 1885–1971 ) Marxist philosopher , and communist , born in Budapest and educated at the University of Berlin. His early writings such as The Theory of the Novel ( 1916 ) were concerned with applying a form of neo‐Kantianism to investigate problems within aesthetics. After reading Hegel and Marx , however, he began to concentrate on the problem of the relationship between theory and practice in terms of the dialectical method. History and Class Consciousness ( 1923 ) takes up these issues explicitly. Lukács emphasizes the importance of the...

Lukács, György

Lukács, György (1885)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,565 words

...London, 1962; reprint, Lincoln, Nebr., 1983. Lukács, György Studies in European Realism . Translated by Edith Bone . London, 1950. Lukács, György The Meaning of Contemporary Realism (1958). Translated by John Mander and Necke Mander . London, 1963. Lukács, György Die Eigenart des Ästhetischen (The Specificity of the Aesthetic). 2 vols. Neuwied, 1963. Lukács, György Heidelberger Ästhetik, 1916–1918 (Heidelberg Aesthetics). Edited by György Márkus and Frank Benseler . Darmstadt, 1974. Lukács, György Heidelberger Philosophie der Kunst,...

Lukács, György

Lukács, György (1885–1971)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
330 words

..., György ( 1885–1971 ) A Hungarian Marxist philosopher who was a government minister during the short-lived Hungarian revolution of 1919 , after which he spent many years in exile in Stalin ’s Russia, spending a short period there in prison. Lukács came to Marxism through both Kant and Hegel . His early critical position in Soul and Form (1911) and to a lesser extent of The Theory of the Novel (1914–5) drew on the ideas of Georg Simmel . He came to argue that Marxism offers a solution to the dualisms of classical European philosophy, in...

Lukács, György

Lukács, György (1885–1971)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

..., György ( 1885–1971 ) Hungarian Marxist philosopher and literary critic , widely considered the founding figure of western Marxism. Born to a wealthy Jewish family in Budapest—his father was an investment banker—he studied in Budapest, Berlin, and Heidelberg. In Germany he became friends with Max Weber , Ernst Bloch , and the poet Stefan George . At this stage of his career, Lukács was still strongly influenced by the work of Kant , Hegel , and Dilthey , a fact reflected in his still rather idealist early books: Soul and Form ( 1910 ) and ...

Lukács, György

Lukács, György (1885–1971)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., György ( 1885–1971 ) Hungarian Marxist philosopher and literary critic , widely considered the founding figure of western Marxism. Born to a wealthy Jewish family in Budapest—his father was an investment banker—he studied in Budapest, Berlin, and Heidelberg. In Germany he became friends with Max Weber , Ernst Bloch , and the poet Stefan George . At this stage of his career, Lukács was still strongly influenced by the work of Kant , Hegel , and Dilthey , a fact reflected in his still rather idealist early books: Soul and Form ( 1910 )...

Lukács, György

Lukács, György (1885–1971)   Reference library

György Márkus

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,574 words

...Novel: Lukács, Marxism, and the Dialectics of Form . Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984. Corredor, Eva L. György Lukács and the Literary Pretext . New York: P. Lang, 1987. Heller, Agnes , ed. Lukács Revalued . Oxford: Blackwell, 1983. Jung, Werner . Georg Lukács . Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler, 1989. Kadarkay, Arpad . Georg Lukács: Life, Thought, and Politics . Oxford and Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1991. Parkinson, G. H. R. Georg Lukács . London and Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1977. Pasternack, Gerhard . Georg Lukács: Späte...

Lukács, György

Lukács, György   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
46 words
Lukács, György

Lukács, György   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
44 words
György Lukács

György Lukács  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1885–1971)Hungarian Marxist philosopher. Lukács was briefly a minister in the Hungarian government in 1919 and again in 1956, although he spent years in exile in Russia. Lukács saw in Marxism the ...
Johannes Robert Becher

Johannes Robert Becher  

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Literature
(Munich, 1891–1958, Berlin),the son of a Bavarian judge, revolted in adolescence against his upper-middle-class environment, and, while studying medicine and philosophy in Berlin, Munich, and Jena, ...
Anna Seghers

Anna Seghers  

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Literature
(Mainz, 1900–83, Berlin),pseudonym of Netti Radványi, née Reiling, and the name by which she is publicly known. She studied history, Sinology, philology, and history of art in Heidelberg and ...
standpoint theory

standpoint theory  

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Overview Page
Holds that different individuals or groups in society possess significantly different perspectives (or standpoints) that shape their views of reality. Standpoint theory usually involves claims that ...
Klaus Mann

Klaus Mann  

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Subject:
Literature
(Munich, 1906–49, by suicide, Cannes),in full Heinrich Klaus Mann, a son of Th. Mann, worked as a dramatic critic and advisor (Dramaturg) in Berlin, where he collaborated for a ...
Western Marxism

Western Marxism  

A general category describing a sea change that occurred in the development of Marxism following the Russian Revolution in 1917. Scholars in Russia were expected to toe the party line and focus their ...
Ernst Bloch

Ernst Bloch  

(1885–1977)GermanMarxist philosopher, social critic and utopianist. Bloch was born in the industrial town of Ludwigshafen. His father was an assimilated Jew of modest means who worked as an official ...
sociology of knowledge

sociology of knowledge  

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Overview Page
The sociology of knowledge is concerned with the relationship of knowledge to a social base—although what is meant by knowledge and social base is likely to vary from author to author. All the major ...
commodity fetishism

commodity fetishism  

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Overview Page
The mistaken view that the value of a commodity is intrinsic and the corresponding failure to appreciate the investment of labour that went into its production. Karl Marx created this term, borrowing ...
Lucien Goldmann

Lucien Goldmann  

(1913–70)Romanian-born, Paris-based Marxistsociologist of literature whose theory of structural parallels or homologies was very influential in the 1950s and 1960s. Born in Bucharest, he began his ...

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