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Gutenberg, Johannes (Johann Gensfleisch)

Gutenberg, Johannes (Johann Gensfleisch) (c.1400–68)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
246 words

..., Johannes (Johann Gensfleisch) ( c .1400–68 ) *Goldsmith , technician , and entrepreneur active in *Mainz and *Strasbourg . His name derives from the family house, the Gutenberg . He is credited with inventing movable-type *printing by combining *metal casting, the arrangement of individual cast units, and the mechanical press. There are few written sources about Gutenberg and no contemporary *portrait of him. It is believed that he was born in Mainz; he eventually entered the service of the important prince-archbishop *elector of...

Johann Gutenberg

Johann Gutenberg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and other works.
Gutenberg, Johannes

Gutenberg, Johannes (c.1400–1468)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
474 words

..., Johannes ( c. 1400–1468 ) Johannes Gensfleisch called Gutenberg was the first to respond, by dedicating his existence to working out the art of printing, to the expectations he shared with the society of his time. Banished from his home town for having refused to bow to the fiscal demands of a municipality dominated by tradesmen, this son of Mainz patricians devoted himself at the beginning of his Strasbourg exile ( 1434–1448 ), after having cut precious stones for a time, to the mass production of the mirrors that Pilgrims going to Aachen ...

Printing and Publishing

Printing and Publishing   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,244 words

...Verse Divisions ; Children's Bibles ; Curious Bibles ; Family Bible ; Gutenberg, Johann Gensfleisch zum ; Illustrated Bibles ; Italics ; Polyglot Bibles ; and Scofield Reference Bibles . The Printed Bible The Significance of Printing. The process of printing from movable types was developed in Mainz in the 1450s by a partnership that included Johannes Gutenberg . Among the first printed books were the forty‐two‐line Latin Bible (folio, ?Mainz, ? 1455 ) called the “Gutenberg” or “Mazarin,” and the thirty‐six‐line Bible that may have followed it...

Gutenberg [Gensfleisch zur Laden], Johann

Gutenberg [Gensfleisch zur Laden], Johann (c.1394–99)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
484 words
Illustration(s):
1

... [Gensfleisch zur Laden], Johann [ Johannes ] ( b Mainz , c. 1394–99 ; d Mainz , 1468 ). German printer . Trained as a goldsmith, he left Mainz for Strasbourg c. 1428 as a political exile. A lawsuit of 1439 indicates that while in Strasbourg he began experimenting with printing techniques. Gutenberg was back in Mainz on 17 October 1448 and by 1450 had begun a commercial printing venture employing his inventions of movable metal type cast in separate letters and a type-casting machine. He was financed by a lawyer, johann Fust , who also...

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