Update

You are looking at 1-20 of 212 entries  for:

  • All: Gutenberg Bible x
clear all

View:

Overview

Gutenberg Bible

The edition of the Bible (Vulgate version) printed by the German printer Johannes Gutenberg (c. 1400–68). He was the first in the West to print using movable type, introduced typecasting ...

Gutenberg Bible

Gutenberg Bible   Reference library

Spencer Weinreich

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
288 words

...column was also altered from 40 to 42. It proved enormously influential on the history of print, esp. of Bibles, notably the Clementine Vulgate. Spencer Weinreich The Gutenberg Bible of 1454 (Cologne, 2018). Darlow and Moule , 2 (1911), 905ff. M. Davies , The Gutenberg Bible (London, 1996). J. Thorpe , The Gutenberg Bible: Landmark in Learning (2nd edn, San Marino, Calif., 1999). E. M. White , Editio princeps: A History of the Gutenberg Bible (New York,...

Gutenberg Bible

Gutenberg Bible   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,017 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Bible The first printed Latin Bible and the first substantial book printed in Europe; an icon for the invention of printing in movable type. Although widely known as the Gutenberg Bible (also, the ‘42-line Bible’), it was completed in 1454–5 without the printer’s name. It was not until 1741 that this edition of the Bible could be connected beyond doubt with *Gutenberg , to whom the invention of printing had been ascribed since the 1470s . In 1741 , a notarial document (the ‘Helmaspergische Notariatsinstrument’) came to light that was drawn up...

Gutenberg Bible

Gutenberg Bible   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... Bible the edition of the Bible (Vulgate version) printed by the German printer Johannes Gutenberg ( c. 1400–68 ). He was the first in the West to print using movable type, introduced typecasting using a matrix, and was the first to use a press. The Gutenberg Bible was completed in about 1455 in Mainz, Germany. Printed in Latin in three volumes in 42-line columns, it is the first complete book extant in the West and is also the earliest to be printed from movable type. There are about forty copies still in existence. Also called the ...

Gutenberg Bible

Gutenberg Bible noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
61 words
Gutenberg Bible

Gutenberg Bible noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
61 words
Gutenberg Bible

Gutenberg Bible   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
64 words
Gutenberg Bible

Gutenberg Bible   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
57 words
Gutenberg Bible

Gutenberg Bible  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The edition of the Bible (Vulgate version) printed by the German printer Johannes Gutenberg (c. 1400–68). He was the first in the West to print using movable type, introduced typecasting using a ...
The Reformation to 1700

The Reformation to 1700   Reference library

David Wright

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,449 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
14

...exaggeration. Of Gutenberg's famous 42-line Bible perhaps only a couple of hundred were produced, some on paper, the rest on vellum. Each vellum copy used the skins of 170 animals. But by 1500 editions regularly ran to 1,000 or 1,500 copies, and 100,000 Bibles may well have been in print. William Tyndale's New Testament, the first printed in English, saw 3,000 copies off the press in Worms in 1525, and print-runs of this size must soon have been normal. Multiplied by the number of editions—by 1640 about 300 for the English Bible and about 150 for the...

25 The History of the Book in Switzerland

25 The History of the Book in Switzerland   Reference library

Lukas Erne

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,984 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...works of reformed religion, particularly bibles and *psalters , although the first French Protestant translation of the Bible ( 1535 ), by Pierre-Robert Olivétan, was printed in Serrières (now part of Neuchâtel), by Pierre de Vingle . This translation was revised under the influence of Calvin, leading to the publication of the important versions of 1560 and 1588 , both printed in Geneva. An Italian translation of the Bible was also printed in Geneva, in 1555 , as was, in 1560 , the famous English Geneva Bible as well as the first translation of the New...

24 The History of the Book in Germany

24 The History of the Book in Germany   Reference library

John L. Flood

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...Book, 1450–1750 (1995) M. Giesecke , Der Buchdruck in der frühen Neuzeit (1991) [ Gutenberg-Gesellschaft and Gutenberg-Museum ,] Blockbücher des Mittelalters (1991) J. Ing , Johann Gutenberg and his Bible (1987) G. Jäger , Geschichte des deutschen Buchhandels im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert , pts. 1 and 2, Das Kaiserreich 1871–1918 (2001–3) F. Kapp and J. Goldfriedrich , Geschichte des deutschen Buchhandels (4 vols, 1886–1913; repr. 1970) A. Kapr , Johann Gutenberg , tr. D. Martin (1996) H.-J. Künast , ‘Getruckt zu Augspurg’: Buchdruck und...

11 The Technologies of Print

11 The Technologies of Print   Reference library

James Mosley

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,250 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
8

...in Strasbourg before Gutenberg returned to Mainz. There is no direct evidence to support this idea, but if the mirrors were made from lead or an alloy using lead, their makers may have developed some of the expertise that would be needed for making type. The earliest surviving fragments of printing that can be associated with Gutenberg appear to date from about 1450 , and make use of a type that is less well finished and printed than that of the folio bible (the so-called 42-line bible) known to have been in production in 1454 . This bible and the large 1457 ...

19 The Electronic Book

19 The Electronic Book   Reference library

Eileen Gardiner and Ronald G. Musto

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,021 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...leap by almost 25 years. In 1971 Michael Hart at the University of Illinois began Project Gutenberg (PG) by creating electronic texts of small, public-domain works, beginning with the *Declaration of Independence , the Bill of Rights, and the US Constitution. These were hand-keyed: a labour-intensive, and volunteer, effort. When the capacity of storage media increased, PG digitized larger books, including Alice in Wonderland , Peter Pan , and the Bible; and with the development of affordable optical character recognition ( *OCR ) technology by the...

6 The European Printing Revolution

6 The European Printing Revolution   Reference library

Cristina Dondi

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,151 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...jewellers able to cut their own punches ( see 11 ). Typographic printing was introduced by *Gutenberg around 1450 in Mainz. The first printing experiments— *indulgences and Donatus’ antique Latin *primer , Ars Minor —appear to have been conducted on materials small in size and of saleable interest, often ecclesiastical and educational in nature. The first substantial book printed with movable type is the 42-line or *Gutenberg Bible . The work of Gutenberg at Mainz was continued by other printers in the city, *Fust and Schoeffer . After the first...

5 The European Medieval Book

5 The European Medieval Book   Reference library

Christopher de Hamel

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,077 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...of the Middle Ages, dominated by books of hours (often in the vernacular), breviaries, psalters, choirbooks, and large institutional bibles. It is a setting that not only anticipates the religious Reformation of the 16 th century but also, and more importantly in the present context, it is a world known and exploited by *Gutenberg and his colleagues in Mainz in the 1450s . This was not the case in Italy. Choirbooks and bibles were certainly still being illuminated in the Italian Renaissance courts, often of princely grandeur (and unexpected secularism), but...

28 The History of the Book in Italy

28 The History of the Book in Italy   Reference library

Neil Harris

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,132 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...( BMC 7. xxxvii). Rather curiously, when the shake-up came, it was produced largely by a return to an even greater antiquity. 4 Aldus The importance of being Aldus, to misquote Oscar Wilde, is undeniable. After that of *Gutenberg , his name is probably the best known in the whole of book history. On the other hand, although Gutenberg’s claim to fame is established by his invention of the printing press, why precisely has Aldus gained such renown? After all, he was a latecomer to the profession; in 1495 , when he opened shop, over 200 other presses had...

9 Missionary Printing

9 Missionary Printing   Reference library

M. Antoni J. Üçerler

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
4,116 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...missionaries had succeeded in printing catechisms in Japanese as early as 1865 . 6 Conclusion As Europeans began to travel to all corners of the earth beginning in the 15 th century, they were determined not only to conquer new lands but also to spread their faith. From *Gutenberg they had learned the power of the printed word, and were determined to use this revolutionary new technology to Christianize Asia. The impact of these efforts varied depending on a number of circumstances. The two most significant variables were the ability to wield control as...

18 Theories of Text, Editorial Theory, and Textual Criticism

18 Theories of Text, Editorial Theory, and Textual Criticism   Reference library

Marcus Walsh

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,054 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

..., transpositions, dittography, and scribal emendation. Humanist textual scholarship antedated printing. Valla, for instance, amended the Vulgate on the bases of the Greek original and patristic texts ( 1449 ; published by *Erasmus , 1505 ). The first printed bibles, by *Gutenberg and other presses, were in Latin. The Hebrew Old Testament was not printed until 1488 , at the *Soncino Press; and the first Greek New Testament, the *Complutensian Polygot, was printed in 1514 but not published until 1522 . It was narrowly beaten to the market...

22 The History of the Book in France

22 The History of the Book in France   Reference library

Vincent Giroud

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,215 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...of ‘artificial writing’ about which nothing else is known. Other prototypographical experiments may have taken place in Toulouse around that time ( see 6 , 11 ). 3 The coming of print Printed books were introduced into France before printing was established in the country. *Gutenberg ’s associates *Fust (who died in Paris in 1466 ) and Schoeffer brought their productions to the French capital, where they were also available through their representative, Hermann de Staboen . Once *Heynlin and Guillaume Fichet had established the first French printing...

George Brinley

George Brinley  

Reference type:
Overview Page
 (1817–75) American book collector.Brinley was an early, sedulous collector of Americana, amassing a major collection of some 12,000 rare volumes. He also owned a Gutenberg Bible. He gave a ...

View: