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Guomindang

Early history (1912–49) Also known as the Chinese Nationalist Party, its origins go back to the end of the Qing dynasty. In April 1912 Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen reorganized ...

Guomindang

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
630 words

...Guomindang ( Kuomintang, KMT ) Early history (1912–49) Also known as the Chinese Nationalist Party, its origins go back to the end of the Qing dynasty. In April 1912 Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen reorganized and merged several revolutionary organizations into the Chinese Revolutionary Party. Outlawed by Yuan Shikai in 1913 , Sun set up a government in Guangzhou (Canton) of the ‘Republic of China’ in 1917 as a rival to the regime in Peking. In 1918 , he himself was forced to leave for Shanghai, where he transformed the Chinese Revolutionary Party...

Guomindang

Guomindang   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
4 words
Guomindang

Guomindang   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
4 words
Guomindang

Guomindang   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
6 words
Guomindang

Guomindang  

Early history (1912–49)Also known as the Chinese Nationalist Party, its origins go back to the end of the Qing dynasty. In April 1912 Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen reorganized and merged several ...
National Revolutionary Army

National Revolutionary Army  

(NRA)A Chinese army organized by Sun Yat‐sen. It became the military arm of the Guomindang, though relations were always tense. Large contingents were provided by local warlords, and the loyalty of ...
Nationalist Party

Nationalist Party  

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Overview Page
The Nationalist Party, or Guomindang (Kuomintang), came into being as a political party in 1912 in the aftermath of the revolution that overthrew the Qing dynasty. It evolved from the ...
Whampoa Military Academy

Whampoa Military Academy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
When Sun Yat-sen (Sun Zhongshan) reorganized the Nationalist Party (Guomindang, or Kuomintang) in 1923 and 1924 and concluded an alliance with the Comintern, one of his key goals was to ...
Revolutionary Alliance

Revolutionary Alliance  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Revolutionary Alliance (Tongmeng Hui), a political party founded by Sun Yat-sen, effected the Chinese republican revolution of 1911 and evolved into the Nationalist Party (Guomindang), which was ...
Chen Yi

Chen Yi  

(b. 1901, d. 6 Jan. 1972).Chinese general Born at Loshan (Sichuan province), he studied in St Germain and Grenoble (France) 1919–21, where he met Zhou Enlai. On his return he joined the newly formed ...
Doihara Kenji

Doihara Kenji  

(b. 8 Aug. 1883, d. 23 Dec. 1948).Japanese general Born into a service family, Doihara rose to become a general in the Guandong Army. With Ishiwara, he is remembered as one of the architects of the ...
Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference

Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference  

(CPPCC)Originally a gathering of anti‐Guomindang groups, not all of whom were Communists. It met for the first time on 21 September 1949 in order to draw up a Constitution for the People's Republic ...
Lee Teng-hui

Lee Teng-hui  

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Overview Page
(b. 15 Jan. 1923).President of Taiwan (Republic of China) 1988–2000 Born in Taipei, he studied at Kyoto University (Japan) during World War II, finished his degree at the National Taiwan University ...
United Front

United Front  

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Overview Page
The second coalition between the Guomindang (KMT) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) as well as other nationalist groups (1937–45). After an earlier period of cooperation had broken down in 1927, ...
Li Dazhao

Li Dazhao  

(b. 6 Oct. 1888, d. 28 Apr. 1927).Chinese Communist leader Born of a peasant family, Li gained entrance to Tientsin University and later studied in Japan. He returned to China in 1916 and became ...
Blue Shirt Society

Blue Shirt Society  

A secret Chinese organization within the Guomindang (KMT). It was formed on 1 March 1932 in response to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria (Manchukuo) by members and graduates of the Whampoa Military ...
Yan'an

Yan'an  

A town and district in the northern Shaanxi Province in China, which became the headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) after the Long March in 1935. An initial period of instability ended ...
Chang Hsüeh-liang

Chang Hsüeh-liang  

(b. 4 July 1901, d. 14 Oct. 2001).Chinese warlord Born in Taishan County (Liaoning), son of the warlord Chang Tso‐lin, he graduated from the Military Institute and soon distinguished himself in his ...
Chinese Civil War

Chinese Civil War  

(1946–9)A war that evolved from the collapse of the United Front in 1945. As Japan surrendered, Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Guomindang (KMT) forces moved quickly to occupy the areas vacated by ...
Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen  

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Overview Page
(b. 12 Nov. 1866, d. 12 Mar. 1925).President of the Republic of China 1911–12, 1917–18, 1921–5 Born into a peasant family in southern China (Guandong province), fifteen miles from Macao, he joined ...

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