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Guillaume Dufay

Subject: Music

(b Bersele, nr. Brussels, 1397; d Cambrai, 1474). Fr. composer. Illegitimate son of a priest, took his mother's name of Du Fayt. Known in his early years as Willem Du Fayt, later ...

Dufay, Guillaume

Dufay, Guillaume (1400–74)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
34 words

..., Guillaume ( 1400–74 ) Burgundian composer . He composed many motets and settings of the liturgy. His motets were grand, complex compositions written for specific events. He wrote some outstanding masses and secular...

Dufay, Guillaume

Dufay, Guillaume (bc.1400)   Reference library

Anthony Pryer and David Fallows

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
975 words

...from developments in English music. In spite of his secular output, Dufay was a cosmopolitan rather than a worldly composer. In the course of a long illness he requested that his motet Ave regina coelorum , with its mention of his name in a personal supplication, should be sung at his deathbed. This was not possible, but the motet and his Requiem Mass (the earliest of its kind, unfortunately now lost) were sung at his funeral. Anthony Pryer / David Fallows D. Fallows , Guillaume Dufay (London, 1982,...

Dufay, Guillaume

Dufay, Guillaume   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
196 words

..., Guillaume ( c. 1400–1474 ), French composer whose early years were spent as a chorister at Cambrai Cathedral. In 1420 he was employed by Carlo Malatesta da Rimini , whom he would have met at the Council of Constance ( 1414–18 ). He was also active in Bologna and Rome, where he was a papal chaplain. From the 1430s he worked alternately in the courts of Savoy and Burgundy, affected as they were by the schism resulting from the papal election in 1439 . During the 1440s he was maître des petits vicaires at Cambrai, where he embarked on the task of...

Dufay, Guillaume

Dufay, Guillaume   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
33 words
Guillaume Dufay

Guillaume Dufay  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Bersele, nr. Brussels, 1397; d Cambrai, 1474).Fr. composer. Illegitimate son of a priest, took his mother's name of Du Fayt. Known in his early years as Willem Du Fayt, later as Guillaume Du Fay. ...
Italian music

Italian music  

After the flowering of Italian polyphony in the ars nova, the focus of attention switched to northern Europe until Dufay, Obrecht, Josquin Desprès, and Heinrich Isaac moved south. Italian secular ...
Adam of Fulda

Adam of Fulda  

(c.1445–1505) German composer and theorist.His De musica offers important perspectives on 15th-century music, praising Du Fay and Binchois while complaining about uneducated minstrels. His German ...
contenance angloise

contenance angloise  

Fifteenth-century term describing the ‘English manner’ of musicians such as Dunstable, then adopted by Burgundian composers (Du Fay and Binchois). It is taken as referring to the new (typically ...
faburden

faburden  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
A type of improvised polyphony, chiefly in parallel motion, in 6-3 chords with 8-5 chords at the beginnings and ends of phrases, popular in England from the 15th century to ...
Hermann Finck

Hermann Finck  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Pirna, 1527; d Wittenberg, 1558).Ger. organist and composer of motets, etc. Wrote treatise Practica Musica (1556), which deals with plainsong, canons, the modes, and performing practice.
Flemish music

Flemish music  

With the sole exception of Sweelinck, the creative musical life of the Netherlands was centred in the southern provinces, where a succession of composers created one of the richest musical ...
votive antiphon

votive antiphon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
A Latin antiphon sung together with a versicle and collect at the end of an office, especially Compline, honouring a different object from that of the main service (see memorial). ...
formes fixes

formes fixes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Fixed patterns of text and tune—strophic with refrain—in courtly and popular French dance-songs (13th–14th centuries), which developed into the principal forms of 14th–15th-century French lyric ...
songs, polyphonic

songs, polyphonic  

(14th century) From about 1100 to 1300, monophonic French chansons of the troubadours and trouvères were the elite art song of northern Europe, cultivated by and for an aristocratic audience ...
Robert Carver

Robert Carver  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b 1484/5; d after 1568).Scottish composer, a monk of Scone Abbey. Comp. in melismatic style. Wrote several masses on song ‘L'homme armé’, only known use of this cantus firmus by a Brit. composer. ...
English music

English music  

The Old Hall manuscript, the Trent Codices, and the works of John Dunstaple and Lionel Power all suggest that the early fifteenth century was a period of great activity in ...
Gaspar van Weerbeke

Gaspar van Weerbeke  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Oudenaarde, c.1445; d after 1517).Flemish composer. Spent his time in service of ducal chapel in Milan, papal chapel in Rome, and at Burgundian court. Wrote cycles of motets to replace normal ...
Binchois

Binchois  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b ?Mons, c.1400; d Soignies, 20 Sept. 1460).Burgundian composer. He is first heard of as an organist at the church of Ste Waudru, Mons, in 1419. In 1423 he ...
cantus firmus

cantus firmus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(Lat.).Fixed song. A melody, usually taken from plainsong, used by composers in 14th–17th cents. as the basis of a polyphonic comp. and against which other tunes are set in counterpoint. Also, in ...
L' Homme Armé

L' Homme Armé  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Old Fr. folk‐song used by Du Fay, Palestrina, and more than 20 other composers in 15th, 16th, and 17th cents. as a cantus firmus in their Masses, which then became known by this title. Maxwell ...

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