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Guelph

A member of one of two great factions in Italian medieval politics, traditionally supporting the Pope against the Holy Roman emperor (supported by the Ghibellines). The name comes through ...

Guelph

Guelph   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
78 words

... Political faction in medieval Italy, opposed to the Ghibelline . The two factions were linked to rival families contending for the Holy Roman Empire in the 12th century. In 1198 , Otto IV (a Guelph) became Holy Roman Emperor. In the battle for control of Italy, the Guelphs took the side of the papacy, while the Ghibellines backed the emperor Frederick II . In 1268 , the Guelphs defeated the Ghibellines at Tagliacozzo, but the feud smouldered on. See also ...

Guelph

Guelph (Canada, USA)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Guelph , Canada, USA Canada (Ontario): founded in 1827 by John Galt, a Scottish novelist, and named by him after the Guelphs, an Italian form of the baptismal name Welf, the family name of the royal house of Hanover from which the present British royal family is descended. See ...

Guelph

Guelph   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
141 words

... A member of a faction originating in the German Welf family, who were dukes of Saxony and Bavaria. The Welfs were the traditional opponents of the Hohenstaufens in Germany and Italy (where they were known as Guelphs and the latter were known as the Ghibellines). In the 12th century the Guelph leader was Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, and he tended to support the papacy against the aspirations of the Holy Roman Emperors. Guelph support was in the major Italian towns and cities. Their rivals were the imperial party and their strength came...

Guelph Party and Ghibelline Party

Guelph Party and Ghibelline Party   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,040 words

... Party and Ghibelline Party Italian political factions generally supporting, respectively, the *papacy and the *Roman Empire . 1. Origins of the Guelph/Ghibelline distinction 2. Guelphs and Ghibellines in Florence 3. Nuancing the Guelph/Ghibelline distinction 1. Origins of the Guelph/Ghibelline distinction Though the terms do not appear to have had contemporary currency until the middle of the 13th century, ‘Guelph’ and ‘Ghibelline’ derive from the conflict between the church and the empire that began with the entrance of Frederick I ‘Barbarossa’, an...

York, Frederick Guelph, Duke of

York, Frederick Guelph, Duke of   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
204 words

...York, Frederick Guelph, Duke of , ‘Frederick the Great’, first King of the Twelves in the Glass Town and Angrian saga ; also referred to as Frederic Brunswick. Generous, brave, and commanding, he assumes leadership of the Twelves after their voyage to Africa and leads them in their battles against the Ashantee . He rescues a Spanish lady Zorayda from the evil genie Danasch, marries her and has a son, Edward Sydney ( The Foundling ). York is slain at the Battle of Rosendale Hill, near Coomassie , by Sai-Too-Too . Branwell informs the reader that he was...

Guelph

Guelph   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... a member of one of two great factions in Italian medieval politics, traditionally supporting the Pope against the Holy Roman emperor (supported by the Ghibellines ). The name comes through Italian Guelfo from Middle High German Welf , the name of the founder of one of the two great rival dynasties in the Holy Roman Empire, a princely family of Swabian origin from which the British royal house is descended through George I. The name Welf is believed to have been adopted into political use in Italy from its reputed use as a war cry (at the battle of...

Guelph

Guelph 1   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
31 words
Guelph

Guelph noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
124 words
Guelph

Guelph noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
121 words
Guelph

Guelph noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
66 words
Guelph

Guelph 2 noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
67 words
Guelph

Guelph noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
69 words
Guelph

Guelph  

A member of one of two great factions in Italian medieval politics, traditionally supporting the Pope against the Holy Roman emperor (supported by the Ghibellines). The name comes through Italian ...
Guelphs and Ghibellines

Guelphs and Ghibellines   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...used the war cry ‘Welf’, the personal name of their leader, Welf VI of Bavaria. ‘Guelph’ is the Italian form of Welf. The Guelph dynasty ruled in Hanover until 1866 and the reigning dynasty of Great Britain is descended from it. Guelphs ruled in Brunswick from its raising into a duchy in 1235 until 1918...

York, Frederick Guelph, Duke of

York, Frederick Guelph, Duke of  

‘Frederick the Great’, first King of the Twelves in the Glass Town and Angrian saga; also referred to as Frederic Brunswick. Generous, brave, and commanding, he assumes leadership of the ...
Family History

Family History   Quick reference

Anthony Camp

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,329 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of Christ, or Tree of Jesse, and to the Table of Kindred and Affinity. The oldest example of a Tree of Jesse is thought to be that in the Gospel of the Coronation of Wratislaw, King of Bohemia, dated about 1285, its earliest use by a European family being in a pedigree of Guelph, now at Fulda in Germany, dated about 1180–1225 . Sir Thomas Wriothesley ( d. 1534 ), Garter King of Arms, was the first to use the rectilinear, or drop‐line, pedigree. Robert Glover employed it regularly in the 1570s, and by 1618 it had superseded the older forms....

Adolf I of Altena, archbishop of Cologne

Adolf I of Altena, archbishop of Cologne  

(d. 1205)Supporter of the Guelph faction, especially in the coronation of Otto IV (1198). In order to secure his rights as an imperial prince as well as money, he ...
Henry III

Henry III  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1129–95)Duke of Saxony (1142–80) and of Bavaria (1156–80). A Guelph, he regained lands lost by his father, Henry the Proud, to Emperor Conrad III. As Duke of Saxony, he ...
Historia Welforum

Historia Welforum  

Narrative written c.1170 by an anonymous author, supposedly a cleric serving the Welf (Guelph) dynasty, relating the history of the Welfs from the Carolingians up to the 1160s and stressing ...
Edward Johnson

Edward Johnson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music, Opera
(b Guelph, ON, 22 Aug 1878; d Guelph, 20 April 1959).Canadian tenor and impresario. His father hoped he would become a lawyer, but in 1899 he took his savings ...

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