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Greek sacrifice

Sacrifice was the central rite in Greek religion (see religion, greek), but there is no single Greek equivalent to the English word ‘sacrifice’. The practices we bring together under this ...

sacrifice, Greek

sacrifice, Greek   Reference library

Robert Christopher Towneley Parker

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,471 words

..., Greek Sacrifice was the most important form of action in Greek religion ( see religion, greek ), but we should note at once that there is no single Greek equivalent to the English word ‘sacrifice’. The practices we bring together under this heading were described by a series of overlapping terms conveying ideas such as ‘killing’, ‘destroying’, ‘burning’, ‘cutting’, ‘consecrating’, ‘performing sacred acts’, ‘giving’, ‘presenting’, but not at all the idea present in ‘it was a great sacrifice for him’. As occasions for sacrifice Theophrastus ...

sacrifice, Greek

sacrifice, Greek   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
946 words

..., Greek Sacrifice was the central rite in Greek religion ( see religion, greek ), but there is no single Greek equivalent to the English word ‘sacrifice’. The practices we bring together under this heading were described by a series of overlapping terms conveying ideas such as ‘killing’, ‘destroying’, ‘burning’, ‘cutting’, ‘consecrating’, ‘performing sacred acts’, ‘giving’, ‘presenting’. As occasions for sacrifice Theophrastus distinguished ‘honour, gratitude, and need’, but his categories do not correspond to fixed types, and in fact the rite could...

sacrifice, Greek

sacrifice, Greek   Reference library

Robert Parker

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,233 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., Greek Sacrifice was the most important form of action in Greek religion ( see religion, greek ), but we should note at once that there is no single Greek equivalent to the English word ‘sacrifice’. The practices we bring together under this heading were described by a series of overlapping terms conveying ideas such as ‘killing’, ‘destroying’, ‘burning’, ‘cutting’, ‘consecrating’, ‘performing sacred acts’, ‘giving’, ‘presenting’, but not at all the idea present in ‘it was a great sacrifice for him’. As occasions for sacrifice Theophrastus...

Greek sacrifice

Greek sacrifice  

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Overview Page
Sacrifice was the central rite in Greek religion (see religion, greek), but there is no single Greek equivalent to the English word ‘sacrifice’. The practices we bring together under this heading ...
2 The Sacred Book

2 The Sacred Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
9,978 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Jesus was a Palestinian Jew, the world of the New Testament was dominated by Greek language and culture; the language itself had been transformed from classical Attic Greek into koinē (common) or Hellenistic Greek, which became the language of the New Testament. Using material such as papyrus, parchment, or wooden *tablets , Christians preferred the *codex (book-like form), previously used for letter-writing and record-keeping, over the scroll employed in Judaism or for Greek literature. Scholars have offered several reasons for the adoption of the...

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,949 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...It seemed that cheap, flimsy, monotonous architecture was rapidly replacing the nation's rich architectural patrimony. In certain respects, then, the feeling of crisis in the 1830s was a reaction to the commercialization of architecture. A modern market economy seemed to have sacrificed artistic and material quality, and debased architecture to the level of an insecure, unintellectual, and rapacious trade. After the economy, the long war with France from 1793 to 1815 must be considered the second major factor contributing to changes in British architecture....

Cooks and Cookbooks

Cooks and Cookbooks  

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The Greek mageiros or “cook” originally specialized in sacrifice and preparing the resulting meat for feasts. The term was later applied to butchers who sold surplus meat from sacrifices, as ...
thanksgiving sacrifice (NRSV) /thank offering

thanksgiving sacrifice (NRSV) /thank offering  

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Subject:
Religion
An animal sacrifice offered in gratitude for some favour received; the meat was shared between the donor and the priest, who had laid his hand on the victim's head. They ate round the altar at a kind ...
Roman sacrifice

Roman sacrifice  

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Roman sacrificial practices were not functionally different from Greek, although the Roman rite was distinguishable from the Greek and Etruscan. As in the Greek world, sacrifice was the central ...
sacrifice

sacrifice  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Rationalizations of classical sacrificial practices include supposing that they dramatize the violence of killing and the associated guilt, or that they purge the killing of guilt by seeing it as ...
hecatomb

hecatomb  

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In ancient Greece or Rome, a great public sacrifice, originally of a hundred oxen; figuratively, an extensive loss of life for some cause. The word comes (in the late 16th century, via Latin) from ...
Sheep Gate

Sheep Gate  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
On the north side of the Temple in Jerusalem and built after the return from Exile (Neh. 3: 1). It was probably the best way into the city for sheep to be driven for the sacrifices. The gate was ...
Golden Fleece

Golden Fleece  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
When it was arranged by his stepmother, Ino, that Phrixus and his sister Helle were to be sacrificed to the Greek god Zeus, they were saved by Hermes, who sent ...
Iphigeneia at Aulis

Iphigeneia at Aulis  

A: Euripides Pf: 405 bc, Macedon Tr: c.1555 G: Greek drama in verse S: The Greek camp at Aulis, shortly before the Trojan War C: 5m, 2f, extras, chorus (f)The Greek fleet, waiting to sail for Troy, ...
tibia

tibia  

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Music
(Lat.).1 An ancient Roman reedpipe, used in various ceremonies (especially sacrifices); it is identical to the Greek aulos.2 An organ stop.
li

li  

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Subject:
Philosophy
In Chinese thought, li originally means a religious sacrifice. By extension: rules of propriety, good form, decorum. Li also plays the role of a higher law or natural law, approximating to the Greek ...
Sciron

Sciron  

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Names of several related heroic figures connected with Attica, Salamis (1), andMegara. The name suggests a possible connection with Athena Sciras and the Scirophoria, and this is borne out by ...
Thoricus

Thoricus  

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Coastal deme of SE Attica, now a bare twin-peaked hill north of modern Laurion. In legend, one of King Cecrops' twelve Attic townships, home of the hunter king Cephalus, and ...
music in worship

music in worship  

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Overview Page
Both in Greece and Italy music, vocal and instrumental, formed an important part of worship at all periods. To begin with Homer, the embassy sent to Chryse in The Iliad ...
Apaturia

Apaturia  

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An Ionian festival. Acc. to Herodotus, Ionians are all those who ‘derive from Athens and celebrate the festival Apaturia. All Ionians celebrate it except Ephesians and Colophonians.’ Almost all ...

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