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Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

The pseudo-political and economic union of Japanese-dominated Asian and Pacific territories during World War II. In the aftermath of Japan's dramatic conquests of 1941–42, some nationalist ...

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
93 words

... East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere The pseudo-political and economic union of Japanese-dominated Asian and Pacific territories during World War II. In the aftermath of Japan’s dramatic conquests of 1941–42 , some nationalist leaders (for example, Indonesia’s Sukarno and Burma’s Aung San ) collaborated with the Japanese for tactical reasons. However, the hardships wrought by the Japanese (principally through their requisitioning of supplies and use of forced labour) soon disabused the local populations about Japan’s intentions. By the end of the war, the...

Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere

Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere   Reference library

Ian Nish

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...the establishment of the Co-prosperity Sphere’, which seemed to influence the thinking of the government. Here for the first time we have an attempt at a definition of the sphere. The document divided it into three areas: the Inner Sphere (Japan, Manchukuo, North China, the lower Yangtse valley, and the Soviet Maritime area); the Smaller Co-prosperity Sphere (including the Inner Sphere, plus Eastern Siberia, China, French Indo-China, and the Nanyo or South-East Asia; and the Greater Co-prosperity Sphere (including the Smaller Sphere, plus Australia, India, and...

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The pseudo-political and economic union of Japanese-dominated Asian and Pacific territories during World War II. In the aftermath of Japan's dramatic conquests of 1941–42, some nationalist leaders ...
Greater East Asian Co-prosperity Sphere

Greater East Asian Co-prosperity Sphere   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
240 words

...Greater East Asian Co-prosperity Sphere A blueprint for Asia proposed by the Japanese government during World War II, both in an attempt to excite Asian nationalism and to justify its military conquests in the region. Japan's promotion of a sphere from which the European powers were to be excluded was viewed by the Allies as thinly disguised propaganda to serve Japan's aggressive purposes in the region. However, for some Asian nationalists, Japan's establishment of a new order in Asia did win some sympathy, and a number of groups, particularly in Burma...

1 Maccabees

1 Maccabees   Reference library

U. Rappaport and U. Rappaport

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
27,583 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...whole sphere of Roman influence. My opinion tends to the list being accurate, that the letter was indeed sent to those addressees, with intent to demonstrate the wide extent of Roman activity and influence, especially in the east ( see Rappaport 1995 b : 282 ). Most of the kings and cities mentioned in the list need no comment. Ariarathes V was king of Cappadocia, 162–130 bce ; for Arsaces see at 14:2 . The name Sampsames is unknown and probably corrupt. Among the suggestions made to replace it are Lampsakos and Amisos (in western and northern Asia Minor...

Israel among the Nations: The Persian Period

Israel among the Nations: The Persian Period   Reference library

Mary Joan Winn Leith

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,095 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...administered Temple ensured the prosperity of the land by honoring the demands of the Temple's chief inhabitant, Yahweh. The exiles could claim with Ezekiel that knowledge of proper ritual practice belonged to the exiled priestly elite, of whom Ezekiel was one, not to the humbler levels of Judean society who had been beneath the notice of socially discriminating Babylonian deporters. On a more pragmatic level, a well-run sacrificial ritual collected and redistributed the land's produce and, ideally, fostered prosperity and political stability. ...

Revelation

Revelation   Reference library

Richard Bauckham and R. N. Whybray

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
23,754 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the east’ ( 16:12 ) who accompany the returning Nero on his return. Their ‘one hour’ of co-rule with the beast is clear proof that none of Revelation's time periods should be understood literally. v. 14 , this anticipates the account of the parousia in 19:11–21 . As the beast has his allies, so Christ is accompanied by his saints ( cf. 19:14 ). v. 16 , Revelation here exploits the contradiction between the two pagan Roman expectations: the admiring belief in Rome's self-promotion as ‘the eternal city’, and the rebellious hope of a conqueror from the east who...

1 & 2 Kings

1 & 2 Kings   Reference library

Walter Dietrich, Walter Dietrich, and Walter Dietrich

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
40,434 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Red Sea from East Africa, or via Tarshish (probably Tartessos), i.e. the Mediterranean, from West Africa, as v. 22 may suggest. The lion and bull decorations symbolize power, almost superhuman power ( cf. 7:29 ). Notes in vv. 26–9 on armament and arms trade are historically interesting. David lamed captured horses, not knowing what else to do with them ( 2 Sam 8:4 ). Solomon had a large chariot fleet (which is, however, not as large here as in 5:6 ). He also profited from serving as an agent for the export of arms from Egypt to Syria and Asia Minor: a...

Netherlands East Indies

Netherlands East Indies  

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Overview Page
(NEI),colony in South-East Asia covering a huge area some 3,660 km. (2,275 mi.) wide by 1,825 km. (1,135 mi.) long, including Java, Sumatra, Dutch Borneo, Dutch New Guinea, Celebes, western Timor, ...
raw and synthetic materials

raw and synthetic materials  

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Overview Page
One of the key lessons of the First World War was the importance of having regular and adequate supplies of raw materials to sustain the industrial war effort. There grew ...
consequences of the war

consequences of the war  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Second World War ended in both major theatres in acts of total and undeniable capitulation. Victors and vanquished were plain for all to see. The chief aggressors, Germany and ...
China incident

China incident  

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Overview Page
Term employed by the Japanese to refer to the conflict between Japan and China which broke out in July 1937 (see Map 22). The expression remained in use until the ...
origins of the war

origins of the war  

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Overview Page
The events which led to the outbreak of the Second World War in Europe and the Pacific followed a well-known path—the via dolorosa of mankind in the 1930s and early ...
world trade and world economy

world trade and world economy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Second World War was an economic as well as a military conflict. The war effort made enormous demands on the economic resources of all the combatant powers, and the ...
French Indo-China

French Indo-China  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Former French colonial empire in south-east Asia. Having gained early influence in the area through assisting Gia-Long in establishing the Vietnamese empire in the early 19th century, the French ...
Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose  

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Overview Page
(1897–1945)Indian nationalist politician. With Jawaharlal Nehru he founded the Indian Independence League in 1928. He became President of the Indian National Congress Party (1938–39) but quarrelled ...
anti-imperialism

anti-imperialism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Second World War is widely believed to have encouraged the forces of anti-imperialism within the international system at large and undermined the viability of the various European colonial ...
subversive warfare

subversive warfare  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In parallel with war at sea, on land, and in the air, another aspect of warfare flourished from 1939 to 1945: war by propaganda and sabotage, aiming at the subversion ...
Konoe Fumimaro

Konoe Fumimaro  

(b. 12 Oct. 1891, d. 16 Dec. 1945).Prime Minister of Japan 1937–9, 1940–1He entered politics as a member of the House of Peers in 1916. A member of the aristocracy, Konoe gave his support to the ...
Wang Ching-wei

Wang Ching-wei  

1883–1944)Chinese revolutionary. A hero of the 1911 Chinese revolution, he was branded a traitor for his collaboration with the Japanese during World War II and his political vacillation.Born in ...

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