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Cloning

Cloning   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...that surround cloning. Includes a number of introductions to the scientists involved. Lanza, Robert P. , et al. “ Cloning of an Endangered Species (Bos gaurus) Using Interspecies Nuclear Transfer. ” Cloning 2.2 (2000): 79–90. The description of the first attempt to clone an endangered animal. McGee, G., ed. The Human Cloning Debate . 2d ed. Berkeley, 2000. Covers the ethical dimensions of human cloning. McLaren, A. “ Cloning: Pathways to a Pluripotent Future. ” Science 288 (2000): 1775–1780. A concise review of the issues and possibilities...

Eugenics

Eugenics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...the only ones who may be selected against) is q 2 , which is very small when q is small. When selection discriminates perfectly and all those affected are prevented from having children, then the frequency in the subsequent generation is given by q ′ = q /(1 + q ): after n generations the frequency of q is given by q n = ( n + q −1 ) −1 . This latter formula was implicitly used in 1917 by Cambridge geneticist Reginald C. Punnett to show that, for example, a reduction in incidence from 0.1 to 0.01 percent would take about sixty-nine...

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