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Oman

Oman   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
840 words
Illustration(s):
4

...suspected Islamists were arrested and 31 were convicted of trying to overthrow the government, but they were later pardoned. Economy The World Bank classifies Oman as an ‘upper-middle-income’ developing country. It has sizeable oil and natural gas deposits, a large trade surplus and low inflation. Oil accounts for more than 90% of Oman's export revenues. Huge natural gas deposits, equal to all the finds of the previous 20 years, were discovered in 1991 . Although only about 0.3% of the land is cultivated, agriculture and fishing are the traditional economic...

Yemen

Yemen   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
814 words
Illustration(s):
4

...is refined at Aden and petroleum extraction began in the NW in the 1980s. Handicrafts, leather goods and textiles are manufactured. area 528,000 sq km (204,000 sq miles) population 23,495,000 capital Sana’ government Multiparty republic ethnic groups Predominantly Arab languages Arabic (official) religions Islam currency Yemeni rial = 100 fils GDP per capita 2,500...

Mexico

Mexico   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
722 words
Illustration(s):
4

...Calderón president by an 0.5% margin. His socialist opponent Lopez Obrador contested the results, leading to months of disorder. In 2012 elections Enrique Pena Niete of the PRI won. The socialists again appealed, but this was rejected by the courts. Drugs-related violence has soared in the early part of the 21st century, with tens of thousands of deaths. The disappearance of 43 trainee teachers from a protest in Guerrero state in September 2014 after they were attacked by police sparked widespread demonstrations. The government announced two months...

Myanmar

Myanmar   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,398 words
Illustration(s):
2

...) Basic information Land area: 677,000 sq. km People: Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Mon 2%, Indian 2%, other 5% Language: Burmese and others Religion: Buddhist 89%, Christian 4%, Muslim 4%, other 3% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 53.37 million Percentage urban: 34% Population estimate for 2035: 60.43 million Life expectancy at birth 2014: 68.2 (F), 64.0 (M) Capital city: Naypyidaw, ?1 million; Yangon 4.8 million Currency: Myanmar kyat Major exports: gas, garments, timber...

Kiribati

Kiribati   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
513 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Language: I-Kiribati, English Religion: Roman Catholic 56%, other Christian 36%, Mormon 5%, Baha’i 2%, others 1% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 116,000 Percentage urban: 44.3% Population estimate for 2035: 150,000 Life expectancy at birth 2015: 69.5 (F), 63.0 (M) Capital city: Bairiki (on South Tarawa), 3,500 Currency: Kiribati dollar Major exports: fish, copra GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $2,047 Human Development Index rank: 137 out of 188 Gender Equality Index rank: n/a Environmental Performance...

St Vincent & the Grenadines

St Vincent & the Grenadines   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
689 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Grenadines Basic information Land area: 390 sq. km People: black 66%, mixed 19%, South Asian 6%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 7% Language: English, French Creole Religion: Protestant 75%, Roman Catholic 13%, other 13% Government: Constitutional monarchy Population (2017 estimate): 110,000 Percentage urban: 50.6% Population estimate for 2035: 112,000 Life expectancy at birth 2015: 75.2 (F), 71.0 (M) Capital city: Kingstown, 27,000 Currency: East Caribbean dollar Major exports: foodstuffs, beer, bananas, cassava...

Laos

Laos   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,220 words
Illustration(s):
2

...237,00 sq. km People: Lao 55%, Khmu 11%, Hmong 8%, others 26% Language: Lao, French, English, and various ethnic languages Religion: Buddhist 67%, Christian 2%, animist and other 31% Government: Communist republic Population (2017 estimate): 6.86 million Percentage urban: 38.6% Population estimate for 2030: 8.42 million Life expectancy at birth 2014: 68.0 (F), 65.2 (M) Capital city: Vientiane, 1 million Currency: Lao kip Major exports: copper, timber, electricity, garments, gold, coffee GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $6...

Libya

Libya   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,143 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Libya Basic information Land area: 1,760,000 sq. km People: Berber and Arab Language: Arabic, Italian, English Religion: Sunni Muslim Government: Transitional Population (2017 estimate): 6.37 million Percentage urban: 78.6% Population estimate for 2035: 7.61 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 74.8 (F), 69.0 (M) Capital city: Tripoli, 1.1 million Currency: Libyan dinar Major exports: oil, natural gas GDP per head, $PPP (2014): $15,597 Human Development Index rank: 102 out of 188 Gender Equality Index...

Spain

Spain   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,665 words
Illustration(s):
2

...sq. km People: Spanish, though with strong regional identities Language: Castilian Spanish 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2% Religion: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6% Government: Constitutional monarchy Population (2017 estimate): 46.36 million Percentage urban: 79.6% Population estimate for 2035: 45.86 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 85.4 (F), 80.0 (M) Capital city: Madrid, 6.2 million Currency: Euro Major exports: cars, machinery, chemicals, fruit, vegetables, and foodstuffs, metals GDP per head, $PPP (2016):...

Mozambique

Mozambique   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,437 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and others Language: Portuguese, indigenous languages Religion: Roman Catholic 28%, Muslim 18%, Zionist Christian 16%, Protestant 12%, other 7%, none 19% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 29.67 million Percentage urban: 32.2% Population estimate for 2035: 48.34 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 56.8 (F), 54.0 (M) Capital city: Maputo, 1.2 million Currency: Mozambican metical Major exports: aluminium, coal, electricity, natural gas, tobacco, oil, foodstuffs GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $1,217 Human...

Palestine

Palestine   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,450 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Sunni Muslim 80–85%, Jewish 12–14%, Christian and other 1–2.5% Gaza: Sunni Muslim 99%, other 1% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 4.92 million Percentage urban: 73% Life expectancy at birth 2015: 75.1 (F), 71.1 (M) Population estimate for 2035: 7.47 million Capital city: East Jerusalem, Ramallah (administrative) Currency: Israeli shekel, Jordanian dinar Major exports: building stone, scrap metal, furniture, olive oil GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $2,943 Human Development Index rank: 114 out of 189 The country...

Haiti

Haiti   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,455 words
Illustration(s):
2

...sq. km People: black 95%, mulatto plus white 5% Language: French, Creole Religion: Roman Catholic 55%, Protestant 29%, other 16% (including voodoo) Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 10.98 million Percentage urban: 57% Population estimate for 2035: 13.04 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 65.3 (F), 61.0(M) Capital city: Port-au-Prince, 2.5 million Currency: Haitian gourde Major exports: garments, scrap metal, vegetable oils, fruit GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $1,784 Human Development Index rank:...

St Lucia

St Lucia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
678 words
Illustration(s):
2

...St Lucia Basic information Land area: 620 sq. km People: black 85%, mixed 11%, South Asian 2%, other 2% Language: English, French Creole Religion: Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 28%, other 10% Government: Constitutional monarchy Population (2017 estimate): 179,000 Percentage urban: 18.5% Population estimate for 2035: 187,000 Life expectancy at birth 2015: 78.0 (F), 72.5 (M) Capital city: Castries, 22,000 Currency: East Caribbean dollar Major exports: bananas, foodstuffs, beer, electronics GDP per head, $PPP...

Albania

Albania   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,324 words
Illustration(s):
2

...83%, Greek 1%, Other 1%, Unspecified !5% (as recorded in 2011 census) Language: Albanian, Greek Religion: Muslim: Sunni 57%, Bektashi 2%; Roman Catholic 10%, Orthodox 7%, other 24% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 2.93 million Percentage urban: 57.4% Population estimate for 2035: 2.89 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 80.64 (F), 75.64 (M) Capital city: Tirana, 0.4 million Currency: Albanian lek Major exports: textiles and footwear, asphalt, metals and metallic ores, vegetables, fruits, tobacco GDP...

Thailand

Thailand   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,370 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Land area: 523,000 sq. km People: Thai 96%, Burmese 1%, other 3% Language: Thai, English, indigenous languages Religion: Buddhism 94%, Muslim 5%, other 1% Government: Monarchy; currently under martial law Population (2017 estimate): 69.04 million Percentage urban: 50.4% Population estimate for 2035: 69.2 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 78.0 (F), 71.3 (M) Capital city: Bangkok, 9.3 million Currency: Thai baht Major exports: electronics, vehicles, machinery, foodstuffs, refined petroleum, rubber, rice GDP...

Sudan

Sudan   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,638 words
Illustration(s):
2

... 1,862,000 sq. km People: Sudanese Arab (approx. 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata Language: Arabic, English, Nubian, Ta Bedawie Religion: Sunni Muslim Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 40.53 million Percentage urban: 33.84% Population estimate for 2035: 61.0 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 65.3 (F), 62.2 (M) Capital city: Khartoum, 5.2 million Currency: Sudanese pound Major exports: gold, livestock, sesame seeds, oil, gum arabic GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $4,730 Human Development Index rank:...

Djibouti

Djibouti   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
931 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Djibouti Basic information Land area: 23,000 sq. km People: Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% Language: French, Arabic, Somali, Afar Religion: Muslim 94%, Christian 6% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 957,000 Percentage urban: 77.3% Population estimate for 2035: 1.19 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 64.0 (F), 60.7 (M) Capital city: Djibouti, 529,000 Currency: Djiboutian franc Major exports: charcoal, sheep, goats, animal hides, coffee GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $3,343 Human Development...

Samoa

Samoa   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
692 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Samoa Basic information Land area: 2,800 sq. km People: Samoan Language: Samoan, English Religion: Protestant 57%, Roman Catholic 19%, Mormon 15%, other 9% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 196,000 Percentage urban: 19% Population estimate for 2035: 221,000 Life expectancy at birth 2015: 77.0 (F), 70.7 (M) Capital city: Apia, 37,000 Currency: Samoan tala Major exports: fish, electrical car parts, beer, copra, fruit GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $6,345 Human Development Index rank: 104 out of...

Tonga

Tonga   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
745 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Tonga Basic information Land area: 750 sq. km People: Polynesian Language: Tongan, English Religion: Protestant 65%, Mormon 17%, Roman Catholic 16%, other 2% Government: Constitutional monarchy Population (2017 estimate): 108,000 Percentage urban: 23.7% Population estimate for 2035: 127,000 Life expectancy at birth 2015: 76.0 (F), 70.1 (M) Capital city: Nuku’alofa, 25,000 Currency: Tongan pa’anga Major exports: vegetables, fish, copra GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $5,752 Human Development Index rank: 101...

Chile

Chile   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,188 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Chile Basic information Land area: 757,000 sq. km People: European and mestizo 89%, Mapuche 9%, other 2% Language: Spanish Religion: Roman Catholic 68%, Protestant and Evangelical 17%, other 5% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 18.06 million Percentage urban: 89.5% Population estimate for 2030: 20.06 million Life expectancy at birth 2014: 84.7 (F), 79.0 (M) Capital city: Santiago, 6.5 million Currency: Chilean peso Major exports: copper, food products, fruit, chemicals, wood pulp, wine GDP per...

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