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Pakistan

Pakistan  

Asia's great underachiever. Democracy has yet to take hold and now the country is under attack from terrorists.Pakistan has four main geographical regions. First, in the far north is the Hindu Kush ...
Steffi (barley)

Steffi (barley)   Reference library

Kraus-Weyermann Thomas

The Oxford Companion to Beer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...a brewing base malt, Steffi produces mashes of low viscosity and high extract values that result in worts of good fermentability. According to the official listing by the Bundessortenamt (the German government’s seed certification agency), Steffi’s favorable all-round qualities include kernel homogeneity, a high percentage of kernels with a diameter greater than 2.5 mm, low protein values, and fairly high agronomic yields, as well as unusually high disease resistance in the field. Steffi seems to be almost uniquely immune to loose smut of barley (Ustilago...

South Africa

South Africa   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
23,729 words
Illustration(s):
1

...21.1 17.2 19.3 Mother 8.4 29.2 18.2 Father 8.1 1.7 5.1 Mass media 6.6 2.5 4.6 Other 4.4 3.9 4.2 Other relative 2.4 1.5 2.0 Father 0.0 0.7 0.4 Statistically significant gender differences: χ 2 = 89.63; df = 8; p = 0.0000 Table 5 First Source of Information about Sexual Intercourse (in Percentages) Source Male Female Total Same-sex friend 18.2 19.0 18.6 Opposite-sex friend 35.0 25.2 29.3 Reading 21.3 29.2 25.1 School/guidance teacher 7.2 10.2 8.6 Mass media 9.0 3.7 6.5 Mother 2.7 6.7 4.6 Other 5.2 4.0 4.6 Other relative 3.4 1.2 2.4 Father 0.0 0.7 0.4...

Hong Kong

Hong Kong   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
14,550 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Correctional Institutions, and Private Hospitals from 1990 to 1997 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 Syphilis 87 100 78 94 133 147 129 153 Male Deaths 3 1 2 1 4 3 0 0 Female Deaths 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 Gonorrhea 22 11 11 8 20 17 12 19 (Hong Kong Government Department of Health statistics 1990–1997 ) B. HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS Incidence The statistics on HIV/AIDS come from voluntary reporting since 1984 . The cumulative number of HIV/AIDS cases as of June 1998 , and some analysis, are shown in Table 3. The trend is an increasing number of HIV/AIDS cases...

Netherlands and the Autonomous Dutch Antilles

Netherlands and the Autonomous Dutch Antilles   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
26,260 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Often/Always Kissing Men 0.0% 26.0% 74.0% Women 0.0 28.0 72.0 Hugging & Cuddling Men 0.0 23.0 77.0 Women 0.0 27.0 73.0 Masturbation of Man Men 2.2 35.3 62.5 Women 5.0 56.8 38.2 Masturbation of Man Men 5.0 46.5 48.5 Women 7.0 44.5 48.5 Cunnilingus Men 19.5 60.5 20.0 Women 35.0 54.0 11.0 Fellatio Men 27.0 27.5 35.5 Women 27.0 61.0 12.0 Vaginal Intercourse Men 4.5 16.5 79.0 Women 4.5 16.5 79.0 Manual Anal Stimulation Men 68.5 29.0 2.5 Women 66.0 30.0 4.0 Anal Intercourse Men 94.0 0.0 6.0 Women 78.0 14.0 8.0 (Men: n = 276; Women: n = 452. An * ...

Czech Republic

Czech Republic   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
8,579 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and Sex Ratios : 0–14 years : 15.7% with 1.05 male(s) per female (sex ratio); 15–64 years : 70.3% with 1 male(s) per female; 65 years and over : 14% with 0.63 male(s) per female; Total population sex ratio : 0.95 male(s) to 1 female Life Expectancy at Birth : Total Population : 74.95 years; male : 71.46 years; female : 78.65 years Urban/Rural Distribution : 66% to 34% Ethnic Distribution : Czechs: 81.2%; Moravian: 13.2%; Slovaks: 3.1%; Polish: 0.6%; German: 0.5%; Silesian: 0.4%; Gypsy: 0.3%; Hungarian: 0.2%; other: 0.5% ( 1991 est.). The number...

South Korea

South Korea   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
29,123 words
Illustration(s):
1

...1 (4.3) 2 (100.0) 1 (25.0) 14 (19.7) 19–25 3 (10.7) 5 (38.5) 13 (56.5) 1 (100.0) 2 (50.0) 24 (33.8) 26–35 9 (32.1) 3 (13.0) 1 (25.0) 13 (18.3) 36 < 13 (46.4) 2 (8.7) 15 (21.1) Total 28 (100.0) 13 (100.0) 23 (100.0) 2 (100.0) 1 (100.0) 4 (100.0) 71 (100.0) Source : Korean Women's Development Institute 2000a With the effort of the women's rights movements, Korea has achieved several legal enforcements, as noted earlier, to protect victims from sexual harassment. However, research on the public awareness of the anti-sexual violence laws showed that only 2.1% were...

China

China   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
31,201 words
Illustration(s):
1

... 2002 ). (See Table 4.) ( End of update by the Editors )] Table 4 Leaders in an Expanding Pandemic: Current and Projected HIV/AIDS Infected Adults Current Number Infected 2010 (in millions) Government Data Expert Estimates Expert Estimates India 4.0 5 to 8 20 to 25 Nigeria 3.5 4 to 6 10 to 15 Ethiopia 2.7 3 to 5 7 to 10 China 0.80 1 to 2 10 to 15 Russia 0.18 1 to 2 5 to 8 * * Garrett 2002 11. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Professor Dalin Liu 's survey showed that 34% of rural couples and 17% of urban couples said they engaged in less than...

politics of cheese

politics of cheese   Reference library

Carlos Yescas

The Oxford Companion to Cheese

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,244 words

...facing the cheese industry are in the areas of (1) international trade, concerning disputes over name protections or geographical indications as well as tariffs, and (2) health and safety regulations that have prompted disagreements about milk processing and acceptable techniques of aging cheese. International Trade In trade negotiations, the European Union (EU) has pushed the governments of Latin America, Canada, and the United States to commit to enforcing European protections on rural products that have been granted geographical indication (GI) status...

organic viticulture

organic viticulture   Reference library

Monty Waldin

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
2,221 words

...in 2000 ), Spain (5.2% in 2010 ; <1% in 1999 ), Portugal ( c .1% in 2011 ); Germany (5.6% in 2011 ; 1.8% in 2003 ; 1.2% in 1994 ); Austria (9.2% in 2012 ; 6% in 2009 ; 1% in 1999 ; 0.3% in 1992 ); Greece (4% in 2010 ; 1% in 2000 ); Lebanon (4.5% in 2010 ); England and Wales (3.4% in 2010 ); California ( c .4% in 2011 ; 1.1% in 1999 ; 0.17% in 1989 ); Oregon (12% in 2013 ; 8.6% in 2009 ; 1.4% in 1999 ); Washington state (2.5% in 2011 ; 0.6% in 1999 ); Canada (2.8% in 2011 ); New Zealand (7.6% in 2012 ; 2% in 2009 ; 0.7% in 1999 );...

Kenya

Kenya   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
14,187 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Sweden 48.0 30.5 43.0 51.0 45.3 Britain 44.9 30.0 49.1 17.2 17.9 Germany 44.0 26.9 39.0 9.5 32.2 Source : Cabinet Office of Japan; International Labor Organization; Inter-Parliamentary...

Canada

Canada   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
61,965 words
Illustration(s):
1

...139.9 0.4 Nova Scotia 944.8 3.0 New Brunswick 756.7 2.4 Quebec 7,455.2 23.7 Ontario 12,068.3 38.4 Manitoba 1,150.8 3.7 Saskatchewan 1,011.8 3.3 Alberta 3,113.6 9.9 British Columbia 4,141.3 13.3 Yukon 29.9 0.1 Northwest Territories 41.4 0.1 Nunavut 28.7 0.1 Source : Quarterly Demographic Statistics , Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 91–002, 2002. Canada's ten provinces, plus the Yukon, Nunavut, and Northwest Territories, are linked through a central federal government, but the various levels of federal, provincial, regional, and municipal government have...

Japan

Japan   Reference library

Winifred Bird

The Oxford Companion to Cheese

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Japan is home to a well-established commercial cheese industry and a small but growing community of artisanal cheese producers. Between 1940 , when annual per capita consumption was a mere 0.14 ounces (4 grams), and 2011 , when it topped 5.5 pounds (2.5 kilograms), cheese secured a place on the table in a country whose population for many centuries eschewed dairy products almost entirely. The tastes of the average eater remain timid, however, with processed cheeses comprising nearly half of sales and mild standbys such as Gouda, Cheddar, Camembert, and...

Japan

Japan   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
44,393 words
Illustration(s):
6

...18 ( IES2 Figs. 18 & 19, p. 798; Shimazaki 1994–95 ). Table 11 Cumulative Frequencies of Kissing, Petting, and Intercourse Experiences among the Japanese Males and Females in the 1987 and 1993 Surveys (in Percentages) Ages: 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Males Kissing 4.2 5.0 10.5 21.0 30.5 40.6 55.7 63.0 77.0 Petting 2.0 3.0 9.0 10.6 21.0 29.0 39.0 55.0 72.0 Intercourse 1.0 1.5 4.8 8.0 17.2 23.0 37.0 51.5 69.0 Females Kissing 6.0 6.5 12.0 24.5 39.5 41.0 55.0 67.0 79.0 Petting 1.0 2.0 4.2 10.5 19.5 26.5 34.5 44.7 63.0 Intercourse 1.0 2.0 4.2 8.7 21.4 25.0 34.5...

Nepal

Nepal   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
10,696 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Distribution : Hinduism: 86.2%; Buddhism: 7.8%; Islam: 3.8%; other: 2.2%. As of 1995 , Nepal was the only official Hindu state in the world. Birth Rate : 32.94 births per 1,000 population Death Rate : 10.22 per 1,000 population Infant Mortality Rate : 72.36 deaths per 1,000 live births Net Migration Rate : 0 migrant(s) per 1,000 population Total Fertility Rate : 4.48 children born per woman Population Growth Rate : 2.29% HIV/AIDS ( 1999 est.): Adult prevalence : 0.29%; Persons living with HIV/AIDS : 34,000; Deaths : 2,500. (For additional details from...

Finland

Finland   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
32,653 words
Illustration(s):
1

...0.26 0.38 0.23 0.26 0.32 0.38 Receives love 0.24 0.36 0.22 0.26 0.31 0.36 Talking about sex with one's partner is easy 0.16 0.22 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.28 Number of objects of love during lifetime −0.10 ns ns ns ns ns Sexual self esteem: I have great sexual skills ns 0.16 0.26 0.30 0.26 0.31 I am sexually active ns 0.28 0.21 0.35 0.27 0.35 I am sexually attractive ns 0.18 0.16 0.24 0.19 0.21 Role of sex in life: Considers sexual life to be an important part of life 0.17 0.19 0.25 0.37 0.23 0.28 Sexual desire has increased in the last five years ns 0.24 0.17 0.35 0...

Ireland and the potato

Ireland and the potato   Reference library

Regina Sexton

The Oxford Companion to Food (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,177 words

...soup kitchens. The government followed suit by implementing what was known as the ‘Soup Kitchen Act’ in the spring of 1847 , and Alexis Soyer ( see english cookery books ), the famous French chef of the Reform Club in London, was entrusted with the task of creating a sustaining soup for the starving Irish. His recipe No. 1 called for 4 oz (115 g) leg of beef to 2 gallons (7.5 litres) of water, 2 oz (56 g) of dripping, 2 onions and other vegetables, 8 oz (225 g) of second-rate flour, 8 oz (225 g) pearl barley, 3 oz (85 g) of salt, and 0.5 oz (14 g) of brown...

Botswana

Botswana   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
8,454 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and Sex Ratios : 0–14 years : 40% with 1.01 male(s) per female (sex ratio); 15–64 years : 55.8% with 0.93 male(s) per female; 65 years and over : 4.2% with 0.68 male(s) per female; Total population sex ratio : 0.95 male(s) to 1 female Life Expectancy at Birth : Total Population : 35.29 years; male : 35.15 years; female : 35.43 years Urban/Rural Distribution : 63% to 37% Ethnic Distribution : Tswana: 79%; Kalanga: 11%; Basarwa: 3%; others, including Kgalagadi and white: 7%. Note that these are mere estimates, as the government does not carry out...

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
37,226 words
Illustration(s):
1

...sex outside marriage is wrong. Table 3 Sex of the Partners of Respondents Who Ever Had a Homosexual Relationship Time Interval Exclusively Male Exclusively Female Male & Female No Partners Ever Men 10.0% 0.0% 90.0% 0.0% Women 0.0 5.0 95.0 0.0 Last 5 years Men 16.8 56.2 22.0 5.0 Women 58.0 9.0 27.0 6.0 Last year Men 20.0 61.0 9.0 10.0 Women 66.0 11.0 9.0 14.0 Percentages approximated from the authors' bar graph (adapted from Johnson, Wadsworth, Wellings, and Fields 1994 , 210). Commitment to a regular (“steady”) relationship was valued almost as highly as...

Bulgaria

Bulgaria   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
10,811 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Condoms During the Last Sexual Relations * Not practiced With condom Without condom Vaginal intercourse (Coitus) 0% 33.3% 66.7% Masturbation/Body massage 0 0 100 Cunnilingus 33.3 0 66.7 Petting 20 0 80 Fellatio 50 0 50 Anal sex 90.9 0 9.1 Group sex 100 — — Sadomasochistic sex 100 — — * confirmative answers Table 12 Changes of Sexual Behavior Bisexual behavior Homosexual behavior Heterosexual behavior Drug users Total Yes 60% 50% 64.3% 59% 49.2% No 40 50 35.7 50 50.8 Table 13 How Often Do You Have Condoms When You Are Going Out? Bisexual behavior Homosexual...

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