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Holy Roman Empire

Holy Roman Empire   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
3,387 words

...estimated to be no more than 0.5 to 0.8 percent of the empire's population. Even a town like Vienna, with one of the largest Jewish communities in the empire, did not have more than about five hundred Jews in 1500 . Although legally protected as “chamber serfs of the emperor” since the reign of Frederick II in the thirteenth century, Jews continued to be subjected to expulsions, forced conversions, and judicial murder until well into the middle of the sixteenth century. For example, Emperor Maximilian I gave the government of Nuremberg permission to...

Social Discipline

Social Discipline   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
5,223 words

...Geneva, the rate of illegitimacy was only 0. 1375 percent. From 1560 to 1569 , of 6,940 infants baptized, only eight were illegitimate. Similarly, prenuptial conceptions averaged 4 percent between 1550 and 1581 . To put these figures into perspective: in the Genevan countryside, where church discipline was not as effectively established, the percentage of couples who baptized a child within eight months of their wedding was ten times higher than in Geneva. And in neighboring Lausanne, also a Protestant city, 1.2 percent of baptisms were of illegitimate...

Victorian era

Victorian era: 1837 - 1901  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Britain, in effect extending the franchise to male workers in rural areas Reform Acts A Dictionary of World History 2 19th century Britain 1750-1900 Politics Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles British prime ministers - from 1830 Europe Rulers and politicians Britain 1884 1884 Greenwich becomes accepted internationally as the prime meridian, or 0° longitude prime meridian The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea 2 19th century Britain 1750-1900 Science Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles Europe...

19th century

19th century: 1800 - 1900  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...in Buenos Aires, Argentinians set up an autonomous local government in opposition to Spanish forces Spanish–South American Wars of Independence (1810–25) A Dictionary of World History 2 Politics Protest and rebellion European empires from 1415 Spanish empire Europe Empires Latin America Argentina Brazil South America 1810 1810 The Spanish Cortes flees from the renewed French invasion and establishes itself in Cadiz Spanish–South American Wars of Independence (1810–25) A Dictionary of World History 2 Napoleonic Wars Napoleonic era Politics War Europe Spain...

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