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Gothic

Style of architecture and art that succeeded Romanesque and prevailed in Europe (particularly northern Europe) from the mid-12th century to the 16th century. Like many other stylistic ...

Gothic

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
87 words

... [De] Architectural style characterized by pointed arches and the vault, succeeding the Norman or Romanesque style at the end of the 12th century ad . Subdivided into three periods: early (13th century ad ), characterized by the lancet window without tracery; the decorated Gothic ( c .1290–1350 ), in which windows have first geometrical, then flowing, tracery; and the perpendicular ( c .1350–1530 ), where tracery has strong vertical lines. The Gothic style was followed by the Tudor style, but was later revived as neo‐Gothic or Gothic during the 19th...

Gothic

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
36 words

... . An architectural style in N. Europe from early 12th cent. to 16th, and, as Gothic revival, in 19th cent. Thence it is applied to literature and religion to denote the opaquely mysterious—to some,...

Gothic

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
390 words

...was first used in the Gothic period (they are all found in late Romanesque architecture), but when employed together they created a new type of skeletal structure and a sense of graceful resilience that was very different in spirit from the massive solidity of Romanesque buildings. By extension, the term ‘Gothic’ has also been applied to the ornament, sculpture, and painting of the period in which Gothic architecture was built; it has less precise meaning in these contexts, although a swaying elegance is often considered typical of Gothic figures, which are...

Gothic

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The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
187 words

... Originally a term of abuse coined in the 17th century by admirers of classical architecture, who compared the replacement of the Romanesque style from the late 12th century onwards with the destruction of ancient Rome by the Goths. The Gothic style was introduced from France for monasteries and cathedrals and was used subsequently for parish churches and secular buildings ( see also historic churches ). Thomas Rickman divided the Gothic ecclesiastical styles into Early English , Decorated , and Perpendicular . The term ‘Tudor Court Gothic’ is...

Gothic

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
397 words

... , An architectural and art-historical term for a style of architecture and art that emerged in the twelfth century and in architecture lived on until the Gothic revival of the nineteenth century. In ecclesiastical architecture, with which the term ‘Gothic’ was primarily associated, the style (which emanates from the skeletal structure) is characterized by soaring vertical lines and the use of pointed arches, rib vaults, flying buttresses, traceried stained-glass windows, high clerestory windows, and pinnacles. In the conventional sequence of styles, Gothic...

Gothic

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Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
742 words

... Romanticism .] Clark, Kenneth . The Gothic Revival . London, 1928. A standard text that addresses the debate concerning the eighteenth-century Gothic revival, or survival, in architecture and taste. Ellis, Kate Fergusson . The Contested Castle: Gothic Novels and the Subversion of Domestic Ideology . Champaign, Ill., 1989. A feminist approach to Gothic fiction. Frankl, Paul . The Gothic: Literary Sources and Interpretations through Eight Centuries . Princeton, N.J., 1960. An interdisciplinary study that examines Gothicism in terms of historical and...

Gothic

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
203 words

... The style of art and architecture in Europe which came between the Romanesque and the Renaissance . It was prevalent in Italy from the mid-12th to the early 15th centuries and continued until the early 16th century in northern Europe and the Iberian peninsula. ‘Gothic’ was a term originally coined in a pejorative sense by Italian Renaissance architects such as Alberti to describe the preceding medieval style of architecture, which they condemned as barbaric and mistakenly attributed to the Gothic tribes who had sacked Rome in the 5th century and were...

Gothic

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
289 words

...was first used in the Gothic period (they are all found in late Romanesque architecture), but when employed together they created a new type of skeletal structure and a sense of graceful resilience that was very different in spirit from the massive solidity of Romanesque buildings. By extension, the term ‘Gothic’ has also been applied to the ornament, sculpture, and painting of the period in which Gothic architecture flourished; it has less precise meaning in these contexts, although a swaying elegance is often considered typical of Gothic figures, which are...

Gothic

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
36 words

... Germanic language attested mainly by a partial translation of the Bible dating from the second half of the 4th century ad . Traditionally classed as East Germanic, as opposed to North Germanic and West...

Gothic

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An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...the early eighteenth century. Even when unfashionable, Gothic architecture never ceased to be built in Britain. It is debatable whether St John's College Library, Cambridge, built of brick in the late seventeenth century—supposedly at the height of neoclassicism—is the last genuinely Gothic building or the first example of the Gothic revival. Certainly, within half a century Gothic buildings were once again appearing, though of quite a new kind. Among the most striking were the Whig Lord Cobham's ‘Gothic Temple’ at Stowe ( c. 1740 ), symbolically the Temple of...

Gothic

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A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
497 words

...with highly complex vaulting, as at the Church of St Barbara, Kutná Hora, Bohemia (1512). The Gothic style embraced a complete system of dynamic structure with developed geometries and daring experiments with stone, especially in the final flowering of Flamboyant in Central Europe. Although Gothic was superseded by a revival of interest in the language of Classicism from the Renaissance period, it enjoyed a widespread and scholarly revival in C19. See gothic revival . Branner ( 1965 ) ; Co ( 1999 ) ; Frankl ( 1960 , 2000 ) ; Gi ( 1986 ) ; H.O (...

Gothic

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Anthony Quiney

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,003 words
Illustration(s):
2

...notably the diagonal groin-ribs, in what became the classic quadripartite rib-vault—the hallmark of French Gothic —suggests a logical solution to a problem, although this is far from the case. For medieval masons, Gothic was a liberation from those Roman methods which they lacked the fullest means of executing as soundly as the Romans could. It was, too, a liberation of the mind. Whilst the first century of Gothic masons could raise Gothic from its prototype at St Denis to the vertiginous height and proportions of Amiens and Beauvais Cathedrals, they...

Gothic

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The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
4,982 words

... 1. Introduction Gothic is a term denoting styles in the art and architecture of the West from about the mid-12th century to the 15th (Italy) or mid-16th (elsewhere). It was first used by Vasari to describe pre-Renaissance architecture, following humanist writers who had associated architecture before Brunelleschi with gente barbara or Germans. From the 18th century, when antiquaries distinguished a Romanesque style, Gothic was restricted to the centuries between Romanesque and the Renaissance . The first Gothic building is widely held to be S....

Gothic

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The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
121 words

... . Originally a term of abuse coined in the 17th century by admirers of classical architecture, who compared the replacement of the Romanesque style from the late 12th century onwards with the destruction of ancient Rome by the Goths. The Gothic style was introduced from France for monasteries and cathedrals and was used subsequently for parish churches and secular buildings. Thomas Rickman divided the Gothic ecclesiastical styles into Early English , Decorated , and Perpendicular . The term ‘Tudor Court Gothic’ is used to describe Hampton Court and...

Gothic

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Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The term, on its own, can refer to the language of the goths or to a distinctive printing type, sometimes called gothic script. Gothic architecture The name for the style prevalent in western Europe from the 12th to the 16th centuries. The description was given contemptuously to imply ‘barbaric’ by the architects of the renaissance period who revived classical styles. A Gothic Revival was promoted by wealthy dilettanti such as Horace Walpole in the 18th century and was further popularized by Sir Walter Scott and John Ruskin . The works of A.W....

Gothic

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...tried to explain the phenomenon of Gothic, they supposed that the pointed arch, the most notable of Gothic solecisms, would come naturally to the minds of men whose original habitat had been the northern forests. Despite its manifest absurdity, this theory has recurred from time to time among believers in Menschheitpsychologie , following the writings of Wilhelm Worringer. Gothic was rehabilitated in the religious revival that followed the French Revolution, and for much of the 19th century the historicist Gothic Revival was in vogue all over the world...

Gothic

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
24,481 words
Illustration(s):
2

...beginnings (Early Gothic) to a brief maturity, known variously as High Gothic, Rayonnant Style or Early English, after which they went into decline, as seen in Flamboyant style , Late gothic , Decorated, Perpendicular, Sondergotik and Reduktionsgotik (‘reduced Gothic’). Such a hypothesis carried an inherent criterion of quality. The best buildings belonged to the ‘best periods’. Early buildings could show promise; but anything that was late was almost irretrievably damned to decadence. This suited the French well enough. Their High Gothic cathedrals have...

Gothic bond

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A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
10 words

... bond Term for Flemish bond ( see brick...

Collegiate Gothic

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A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
25 words

...Gothic Secular Gothic , e.g. that of Oxford and Cambridge colleges, as revived in C19 educational and other institutional foundations, especially Tudor Gothic...

Gothic version

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21 words

... version . The Greek Bible was apparently translated into the Gothic language by Ulphilas ( d. 383 ), but only part...

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