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Gnaeus Octavius

Became consul 87 bc with Cornelius Cinna, whose attempt to reverse Sulla's legislation he opposed, finally driving Cinna and his supporters out of Rome after a massacre in the Forum. He ...

Octāvius, Gnaeus

Octāvius, Gnaeus   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
118 words

..., Gnaeus became consul 87 bc with Cornelius Cinna , whose attempt to reverse Sulla 's legislation he opposed, finally driving Cinna and his supporters out of Rome after a massacre in the Forum. He had Cinna deposed and the flamen Dialis ( see flamines ) elected in his place, thus assuring himself of sole power. Cinna collected an army, and was joined by Marius , Papirius Carbo and Sertorius . Besieged in Rome, Octavius summoned Pompeius Strabo and Caecilius Metellus Pius to aid him, but after Pompeius' death Metellus withdrew and his army...

Octavius Titinius Capito, Gnaeus

Octavius Titinius Capito, Gnaeus   Reference library

Guy Edward Farquhar Chilver

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
121 words

... Titinius Capito, Gnaeus ( PIR 2 O 62), a Roman knight ( see equites ) who after a successful army career held the post of ab epistulis (imperial secretary) continuously under Domitian , Nerva , and Trajan , and later became praefectus vigilum ( ILS 1448 ; see vigiles ). He was a friend of the Younger Pliny (2) , whom he advised to write history and received a notable reply ( Ep. 5. 8). A painstaking patron of literature (ibid. 8. 12), he himself wrote of the deaths of famous men: he also commemorated the traditional republican ‘martyrs’...

Octavius (2) (RE 20), Gnaeus

Octavius (2) (RE 20), Gnaeus   Reference library

Ernst Badian

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
156 words

... (2) ( RE 20), Gnaeus failed to be elected aedile, but became consul 87 bc with L. Cornelius Cinna (1) , whose attempt to reverse Sulla's legislation he opposed, finally driving Cinna and his supporters out of Rome after a massacre in the Forum and thus starting what Cicero calls the bellum Octavianum . He had Cinna deposed and the flamen Dialis ( see flamines ) L. Cornelius Merula elected in his place, thus assuring himself of sole power. Cinna collected an army, was joined by C. Marius (1) , Cn. Papirius Carbo and Q. Sertorius ....

Octavius (1), (RE 17) Gnaeus

Octavius (1), (RE 17) Gnaeus   Reference library

John Briscoe

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
143 words

... (1), ( RE 17) Gnaeus , was one of two envoys sent to various Greek states by C. Hostilius Mancinus in 170 bc , assuring them of their rights and strengthening their loyalty to Rome. In 168 he was praetor in charge of the fleet; Perseus (2) surrendered to him at Samothrace after the battle of Pydna . He triumphed in 167 and built a portico (Porticus Octavia) near the Circus Flaminius. He was consul 165, and in 163 led the embassy sent to the East after the death of Antiochus (4) IV Epiphanes with orders to burn the Seleucids '...

Gnaeus Octavius

Gnaeus Octavius  

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Overview Page
Became consul 87 bc with Cornelius Cinna, whose attempt to reverse Sulla's legislation he opposed, finally driving Cinna and his supporters out of Rome after a massacre in the Forum. He had Cinna ...
Gnaeus Octavius

Gnaeus Octavius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(RE 17)was one of two envoys sent to various Greek states by C. Hostilius Mancinus in 170 bc, assuring them of their rights and strengthening their loyalty to Rome. ...
Octavius Titinius Capito, Gnaeus

Octavius Titinius Capito, Gnaeus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(PIR 2 O 62),a Roman knight (see equites) who after a successful army career held the post of ab epistulis (imperial secretary) continuously under Domitian, Nerva, and Trajan, and ...
Octavius Lampadio, Gaius

Octavius Lampadio, Gaius  

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(RE 67)a Roman scholar and (probably) freedman, who arranged Naevius' Bellum Punicum in seven books. He was allegedly influenced by the critic Crates (3) of Mallos, in the second half of the 2nd ...
Cornelius Merula, Lucius

Cornelius Merula, Lucius  

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(RE 272)was made suffect consul by Cn. Octavius (2) after his expulsion of L. Cornelius Cinna (1), chiefly because as flamen Dialis (see flamines) he could not be active ...
viātōrēs

viātōrēs  

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Overview Page
Were attendants on magistrates, one of whose main functions was to summon persons to the magistrate's presence. Thus they might be used to call senators to a meeting from their country seats. ...
Cornelius Cinna, Lucius

Cornelius Cinna, Lucius  

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Of patrician family, fought successfully in the Social War and, against the opposition of Sulla, became consul 87 bc. Trying to rescind Sulla's legislation as passed by force, he was driven out of ...
Cinna

Cinna  

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Overview Page
Of patrician, but not recently distinguished, family, fought successfully in the Social War and, against the opposition of Sulla, became consul 87 bc. Trying to rescind Sulla's legislation as passed ...
Cinna

Cinna   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
341 words

...his colleague Gnaeus Octavius and driven from Rome, he was deposed and replaced by Lucius Cornelius Merula. Then with bribes Cinna won over the troops besieging Nola and rallied the banished Marians, including Marius himself, and took Rome by force ( 87 ), killing Octavius (Merula committed suicide) and ruthlessly purging enemies. Sulla was outlawed, and Cinna and Marius were declared consuls for 86 . On Marius’ death, Lucius Valerius Flaccus became Cinna's consular colleague and consul for 85 ; when he was murdered, he was replaced by Gnaeus Papirius Carbo...

Cinna

Cinna   Quick reference

Ernst Badian

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
297 words

...consul 87 bc . Trying to rescind Sulla's legislation as passed by force, he was driven out of Rome by his colleague Gnaeus Octavius and illegally deposed; Lucius Cornelius Merula was elected to replace him. Collecting Italians and legionaries, he was joined by Gnaeus Papirius Carbo and Sertorius , and by Marius whom he summoned back to Italy. They marched on Rome and captured it late in 87 after the death of Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo and Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius' failure to relieve it. He punished those who had acted illegally, but...

Naevius, Gnaeus

Naevius, Gnaeus   Quick reference

H. D. Jocelyn

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
623 words

...Gnaeus , stage poet of Campanian birth and obscure social attachments, possibly a client of the Claudii Marcelli. He saw military service in the last years of the First Punic War. His theatrical career began as early as 235 and was over by 204 . Many stories were told of the insulting remarks he made about men of the nobility from the stage or in other contexts. Plautus, Mil. 210–12 was interpreted to refer to a spell by him in prison. He died in the Punic city of Utica. Titles of 32 plays on themes of the Attic ‘New’ Comedy are transmitted (...

Naevius, Gnaeus

Naevius, Gnaeus (280/60–200)   Reference library

H. D. Jocelyn and Gesine Manuwald

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
693 words

...Gnaeus ( c . 280/60–200 bc ), dramatic and epic poet of Campanian birth (west central Italy). He saw military service during the First Punic War ( see rome (history) §1.4 ) and was perhaps attached to the Claudii Marcelli. Naevius’ theatrical career began in around 235 and seems to have been over by 204 . Many stories were told in antiquity of insulting remarks he made about men of the nobility from the stage or in other contexts. Plautus , Miles gloriosus 210–12 was interpreted to refer to a spell by him in prison. Titles of about 34 plays...

Names, Roman

Names, Roman   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
853 words

... bce . The praenomen merely distinguished siblings, and there was little variety: 99 percent of all known Roman men in the Republican period had one of seventeen praenomina. Thus praenomina were usually abbreviated as follows: A. = Aulus; Ap(p). = Appius; C. = Gaius; Cn. = Gnaeus; D. = Decimus; L. = Lucius; M’. = Manius; M. = Marcus; N. = Numerius; P. = Publius; Q. = Quintus; Ser. = Servius; Sex. = Sextus; Sp. = Spurius; T. = Titus; Tib. = Tiberius; V. = Vibius. The cognomen appears in the fifth century bce as a nickname, to designate the branch of a...

names, personal

names, personal   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
787 words

...there were relatively few, and (more importantly) the nōmen , the ‘name’ of the gens or clan. In addition they usually had a cognōmen (see below). The praenomen was commonly written in abbreviated form as follows: A. Aulus Ap(p). Appius C. Gaius ( see alphabet 2) Cn. Gnaeus ( see alphabet 2) D. Decimus L. Lūcius M. Marcus M'. Mānius N. Numerius P. Publius Q. Quintus Ser. Servius Sex. Sextus Sp. Spurius T. Tĭtus Ti. Tiberius For Roman women, at least in the upper classes, the praenomen was virtually abandoned, and they were usually known by the...

Naevius, Gnaeus

Naevius, Gnaeus (c.280/60–200 bc)   Reference library

H. D. Jocelyn and Gesine Manuwald

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
767 words

...Gnaeus ( c. 280/60–200 bc ) , dramatic and epic poet of Campanian birth ( see campania ). He saw military service during the First Punic War and was perhaps attached to the Claudii Marcelli ( see claudius marcellus entries). Naevius’ theatrical career began in around 235 and seems to have been over by 204 . Many stories were told in antiquity of insulting remarks he made about men of the nobility from the stage or in other contexts. Plautus , Miles gloriosus 210–12 was interpreted to refer to a spell by him in prison. Titles of about 34...

Caesar, Julius

Caesar, Julius   Reference library

Ernst Badian

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
4,083 words

...with him: see Broughton, MRR 3. 71.) Caesar’s refusal left the office in abeyance until the time of Augustus, although Caesar soon broke the ritual restrictions for the sake of a career. Not feeling at home in post-Sullan Rome, where he failed to convict two notorious Sullani (Gnaeus Cornelius Dolabella and Gaius Antonius) though his speeches in the prosecutions laid the foundation of his fame as an orator, he left for Asia, where he spent the greater part of the 70s, pursuing his studies and gaining a reputation as a soldier. He won a victory over a small...

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