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Girondins

Subject: Literature

A member of a French political party whose main exponents came from the Gironde region. The Girondins were closely associated with the Jacobins in the early days of the French Revolution. ...

Girondins

Girondins   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
51 words

... Political group in the French Revolution named after deputies from Gironde, sw France. From 1792 the relatively moderate and middle-class Girondins tried to prevent the execution of Louis XVI , and reduce the power of Paris. The Jacobins expelled the Girondins from the National Congress in 1793 , and executed their...

Girondins

Girondins   Quick reference

Stewart Wood

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
73 words

... A group of deputies in the Assembly and Legislative Convention, many of them from the Gironde area around Bordeaux, established during the French Revolution. Centred around the figure of J.-P. Brissot, the ‘faction of the Gironde’ represented the resistance of the provinces to Parisian dominance, and opposition to the emerging dictatorship and terror under Robespierre . In June 1793 the Girondins were themselves expelled from the Convention and later killed. Stewart...

Girondins

Girondins   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
188 words

... . Revolutionary grouping led at first by Brissot , and known to contemporaries as the Brissotins. The principal figures included Vergniaud , Condorcet , and Roland . It was not a formal party or club, but a loose grouping which met in a number of salons (e.g. Madame Roland's), so that it is difficult to say who exactly was a Girondin (their enemy Marat produced a list of 102, but the criteria he used are unclear). A number of them came from the rich south‐west (the département of the Gironde), and they tended to represent a relatively moderate,...

Girondins

Girondins  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A member of a French political party whose main exponents came from the Gironde region. The Girondins were closely associated with the Jacobins in the early days of the French Revolution. They held ...
Girondin

Girondin   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
80 words

... A member of a French political party whose main exponents came from the Gironde region. The Girondins were closely associated with the Jacobins in the early days of the French Revolution . They held power at a critical time and were responsible for provoking the wars with France’s enemies. The eventual failure of these wars led not only to the king’s execution but also to the downfall of the party and the introduction of the Reign of...

Girondin, The

Girondin, The   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., The , Hilaire Belloc , 1911 , Thomas Nelson . The action begins in Bordeaux on 8 August 1792 and ends at the battle of Valmy on 21 September 1792 . Georges Boutroux, the scapegrace nephew of a wealthy wine merchant who has joined a revolutionary club, leads an angry mob to his uncle's door and then, a little later, kills the sentry they have posted there in a duel. Thereforward he is pursued by Republicans and Royalists alike. After a number of picaresque adventures, he enlists in a cavalry regiment and goes to war against the Republic's enemies....

Girondin

Girondin   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
78 words

... • Aladdin • stand-in • Dunedin , lead-in • Blondin , Girondin • Odin • paladin , Saladin • Borodin • Baffin • elfin • biffin , griffin, tiffin • boffin , coffin • dolphin • endorphin • bowfin • yellowfin • muffin , puffin • ragamuffin • paraffin • perfin • bargain • Begin • Kosygin • hoggin , noggin • imagine • margin • engine • pidgin , pigeon, smidgen, wigeon • stool pigeon • wood pigeon • origin • Pugin •...

Girondin

Girondin noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
14 words
Girondin

Girondin noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
14 words
Girondin

Girondin noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
44 words
Girondin

Girondin  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Hilaire Belloc, 1911, Thomas Nelson.The action begins in Bordeaux on 8 August 1792 and ends at the battle of Valmy on 21 September 1792. Georges Boutroux, the scapegrace nephew ...
Jean-Pierre Brissot

Jean-Pierre Brissot  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1754–93).French Revolutionary leader. After a chequered literary and political career, he was elected a député in 1789 and became leader of the ‘Brissotin’ party, subsequently the Girondins, ...
Jean-Baptiste Louvet de couvray

Jean-Baptiste Louvet de couvray  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1760–97).French novelist, who from 1789 onwards was actively involved in politics and was a powerful orator. He joined the Girondins, was prominent in attacking Robespierre, and had to spend ...
Pierre Vergniaud

Pierre Vergniaud  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1753–93).The most eloquent of the Girondin orators during the Revolution. Having practised as a lawyer in Bordeaux, he was elected to the Assemblée Législative in 1791 and played a ...
Mme Roland

Mme Roland  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1754–93)French Revolutionary, whose salon became the centre of the Girondin party. Through her political influence her husband, Jean-Marie Roland (1734–93), was appointed Minister of the Interior in ...
Jacques-René Hébert

Jacques-René Hébert  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1757–94)French journalist and Revolutionary. He became a prominent member of the Cordeliers Club (an extreme Revolutionary club) in 1791. The following year he was a member of the Commune of Paris ...
Camille Desmoulins

Camille Desmoulins  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1760–94)French journalist and Revolutionary. He became an advocate in the Paris Parlement in 1785, and four years later, after the dismissal of Necker, he summoned the crowd outside the Palais Royal ...
Reign of Terror

Reign of Terror  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A period of the French Revolution that began in March 1793 when the Revolutionary government, known as the Convention, having executed the king, set about attacking opponents and anyone else ...
National Assembly

National Assembly  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The revolutionary assembly formed by members of the Third Estate on 17 June 1789 when they failed to gain the support of the whole of the French States-General. Three days later the members signed ...
Louis de Saint-Just

Louis de Saint-Just  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1767–94)French Revolutionary leader. He was elected an officer in the National Guard when the French Revolution began; his great loyalty to Robespierre led to his appointment to the National ...

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