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Girardin, René-Louis, Marquis de

(1735–1808). French writer and designer of landscapes. He saw several English landscape gardens during his travels in the early 1760s, and in 1766 settled at Ermenonville, Oise, ...

Girardin, René‐Louis, marquis de

Girardin, René‐Louis, marquis de (1735–1808)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
59 words

..., RenéLouis, marquis de ( 1735–1808 ). Author of an admired work on landscape gardening, De la composition des paysages, ou Des moyens d'embellir la nature . Rousseau spent his last days as his guest at Ermenonville with its beautiful English garden. The romantic tomb Girardin created for Rousseau on the Île des Peupliers became a place of pilgrimage. [ Peter France...

Girardin, René-Louis, Marquis de

Girardin, René-Louis, Marquis de (1735–1808)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
161 words

..., René-Louis, Marquis de ( 1735–1808 ) French writer / designer of landscapes. He saw several English landscape-gardens during his travels in the early 1760s, and in 1766 settled at Ermenonville, Oise, where he laid out the influential landscape-garden. He published his De la composition des paysages (1777) in which he described the garden and set out his own theories. He was strongly aware of the importance of associations in gardens, used to trigger memories, stimulate ideas, and create a narrative. His friend, J.-J. Rousseau , died on his...

Girardin, Louis-René, Marquis de

Girardin, Louis-René, Marquis de (1735–1808)   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

..., Louis-René, Marquis de ( 1735–1808 ), French army officer, landowner, garden maker, and garden theorist whose garden at Ermenonville was one of the most celebrated of its time. A passionate admirer of Jean-Jacques Rousseau , he brought up his own children in accordance with Rousseau's ideas set down in Émile (which argued against the existence of original sin). Rousseau came to live at Ermenonville in 1778 just before his death. Girardin recorded his own ideas about garden making in De la composition des paysages ( 1777 ) in which he firmly...

Girardin, René-Louis, Marquis de

Girardin, René-Louis, Marquis de  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1735–1808).French writer and designer of landscapes. He saw several English landscape gardens during his travels in the early 1760s, and in 1766 settled at Ermenonville, Oise, where he laid out the ...
Ermenonville

Ermenonville  

Aisne, France, was the estate of Louis-René, Marquis de Girardin, who after inheriting in 1762 laid out a picturesque garden in the wooded valley of the river Launette. Girardin set ...
Jean-Marie Morel

Jean-Marie Morel  

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(1728–1810).French land-scape-architect, whose Théorie des Jardins (1776) was influential. Morel helped René-Louis, Marquis de Girardin, to lay out the celebrated Picturesque garden at Ermenonville, ...
aesthetics of the garden

aesthetics of the garden  

Different cultures, and different people, have radically different views of what constitutes beauty in gardens. Much of the theory of garden beauty is taken up with a discussion of the ...
temple

temple  

Of all ornamental buildings in European gardens the temple in its various forms is one of the most widely used. In style it is more often than not of classical ...
hermitage

hermitage  

A small building in a secluded spot, suitable for the abode of a hermit, in a park or estate, often constructed in a rustic style. This fanciful concept was particularly popular in the 18th century.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1712–78),French philosopher: stays in London (Chiswick) 1765–6, Wootton (Staffordshire) 1766; visits Ellastone 1766; said to have stayed in Nuneham Courtenay 1767. La Nouvelle Héloïse 1761, ...
Ermenonville

Ermenonville   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...the estate of Louis-René, Marquis de Girardin , who after inheriting in 1762 laid out a picturesque garden in the wooded valley of the river Launette. Girardin set down his philosophy of gardening in his De la composition des paysages ( 1777 ). Here he rejects regional styles—old gardens, new gardens, English gardens, Chinese gardens—he would only ‘treat of ways of embellishing and enriching nature of which the various combinations are infinite and beyond classification and are appropriate for every period and every nation’. Girardin's ideas also...

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