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Gibeon

Subject: Religion

A town NW of Jerusalem whose inhabitants tricked the invading Israelites into a treaty (Josh. 9: 4), though later Saul attacked them savagely (2 Sam. 21: 2). The pool of Gibeon (2 Sam. 2: ...

Gibeon

Gibeon (Namibia)   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Gibeon , Namibia Named after Gibeon, a town north-west of Jerusalem, because the local chief wanted an appropriate name for a place where the gospel was...

Gibeon

Gibeon   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
51 words

... A town NW of Jerusalem whose inhabitants tricked the invading Israelites into a treaty (Josh. 9: 4), though later * Saul attacked them savagely (2 Sam. 21: 2). The pool of Gibeon (2 Sam. 2: 13) was discovered during excavations in 1956–62 ; it provided water in the event of...

Gibeon

Gibeon   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
758 words

... . A site of some importance in the Bible, located approximately 9 km (5 mi) north of Jerusalem (35°11′ N, 31°51′ E; map reference 167.6 × 139.7). The best-known biblical references to Gibeon describe a battle there between the Israelites and the Amorites. The Israelites, led by Joshua and newly allied with the people of Gibeon, protected the city from an Amorite attack led by Adonizedek of Jerusalem. In the battle, Joshua drove back the Amorites and asked God to make the sun stand still at Gibeon until the Israelites were fully victorious ( Jos. 10:9–14...

Gibeon

Gibeon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A town NW of Jerusalem whose inhabitants tricked the invading Israelites into a treaty (Josh. 9: 4), though later Saul attacked them savagely (2 Sam. 21: 2). The pool of Gibeon (2 Sam. 2: 13) was ...
Sir Walter Besant

Sir Walter Besant  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1836–1901),collaborated with James Rice and together they produced several best‐selling novels, including Ready‐Money Mortiboy (1872), The Golden Butterfly (1876), and The Chaplain of the Fleet ...
Maltahöhe

Maltahöhe (Namibia)   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Maltahöhe , Namibia Settled in 1900 and named after Malta von Burgsdorff, wife of the German military garrison commander at Gibeon, 50 miles (80 km) to the south-east, and Höhe ...

Joshua

Joshua ([Bible])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
141 words

... [Bible] *Moses ' successor as leader of Israel, who led the *Israelites in their return to the land of *Canaan . The book of Joshua includes an account of the Israelites' victory over the Amorites, during which Joshua prayed to God: ‘ “Sun, stand thou still at Gibeon, and thou Moon in the valley of Aijalon.” And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the nation took vengeance on their enemies’ (Josh. 10: 12–13). > Mentioned in the context of the sun or moon standing still We were gaining about twenty minutes every day, because we were going...

Besant, Sir Walter

Besant, Sir Walter (1836–1901)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
152 words

...), and The Chaplain of the Fleet ( 1881 ). He was deeply interested in the life of the poor, especially in the East End of London, and the grim social conditions of industrial workers, and draws attention to these in All Sorts and Conditions of Men ( 1882 ) and Children of Gibeon ( 1886 ); he stimulated the foundation of the People's Palace, Mile End ( 1887 ), for intellectual improvement and rational amusement. In 1884 he founded the Society of Authors , and became editor of the Author in 1890 ; he defined the financial position of authors in The...

BOOK OF JASHAR

BOOK OF JASHAR   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
142 words

...poetry mentioned in the Bible ( Jos . 10.13; 2 Sm . 1.18) containing two short pieces of biblical poetry ( Jos . 10.12–13; 2 Sm . 1.19–27). Since the references to the Book of Jashar in both Joshua and Samuel are in the context of military heroics (Joshua’s battle at Gibeon and the noble deaths of Saul and Jonathan on the battlefield at Gilboa), the lost book is presumed to have been a collection of epic material detailing the battles of the early Israelites. An anonymous author in the Middle Ages, probably in eleventh-century Spain, borrowed the...

‘High Places’, the

‘High Places’, the   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
145 words

...‘High Places’, the (Heb. הַבָּמוׄת ‎) . In the OT the local (usually hill-top) sanctuaries other than Jerusalem at which Yahweh was worshipped with sacrifice in early times. Among the most renowned were Bethel and Gibeon. Worship at these sites, which had Canaanite affinities and was often accompanied by sexual rites, was denounced by many of the Prophets ( Amos , Hosea , etc. ). The ‘high places’ were finally destroyed under Josiah in 621 bc ( 2 Kings 23: 5–20 ). P. H. Vaughan , The Meaning of ‘bāmâ’ in the Old Testament: A Study of Etymological...

Water Tunnels

Water Tunnels   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,086 words

...water may be seen at Gibeon (Ar., el-Jib). Gibeon's systems offer additional parallels to each of the three Megiddo stages, but with a significant difference in the third stage. Although, as at Megiddo, a tunnel was cut from the spring some 33.5 m (110 ft.) in the direction of the internal shaft, it ended some 4.6 m (15 ft.) away from the shaft base. The connection most likely was not completed because a feeding aquifer had already been tapped at the bottom of the shaft. If Gibeon's third-stage shaft system is indeed the “Pool of Gibeon” in 2 Samuel 13–17...

Besant, Sir Walter

Besant, Sir Walter (1836–1901)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
229 words

...), and The Chaplain of the Fleet ( 1881 ). He was deeply interested in the life of the poor, especially in the East End of London, and the grim social conditions of industrial workers, and draws attention to these in All Sorts and Conditions of Men ( 1882 ) and Children of Gibeon ( 1886 ); he stimulated the foundation of the People's Palace, Mile End ( 1887 ), for intellectual improvement and rational amusement. In 1884 he founded the Society of Authors , and became editor of the Author in 1890 ; he defined the financial position of authors in The...

SAUL

SAUL   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
469 words

..., the first king of Israel. His story is found in 1 Samuel 9 to 2 Samuel 1. Saul was a member of the tribe of Benjamin. The genealogies in 1 Chronicles 8.29–40 and 9.35–44 indicate that his family lived near Gibeon and may have continued to inhabit the area at least until the end of the First Temple period. The Bible relates that Saul was anointed privately by the prophet Samuel at Ramah. Upon reaching home, Saul was imbued by a divine spirit and behaved like an ecstatic prophet. Samuel called for the choice of the king by lot at a public convocation...

BENJAMIN

BENJAMIN   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
576 words

...selling Joseph into slavery. The small tribal territory of Benjamin lay between the border cities of Bethel to the north and Jerusalem to the south. It was the first area conquered by Joshua after crossing the Jordan, and it included the famous sites of Jericho, Gilgal, Ai, and Gibeon ( Jos . 4–10). During the early period of the Judges, the Benjaminite judge, Ehud ben Gera, freed the Israelites from the domination of Eglon, king of Moab ( Jgs . 3.12–30). The Benjaminites were skilled in the use of weapons and developed an ambidextrous fighting technique (...

Oracle

Oracle   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
371 words

...from the ancient Mediterranean world, both biblical and extrabiblical, preserves many citations of, or allusions to, such oracles. Frequently, oracles are conveyed in the setting of a sanctuary, for example, the temple of Apollo at Delphi in Greece, or the high place of Gibeon where Solomon received a divine message in a dream ( 1 Kings 3.4–15 ). In communicating its oracles, the deity may make use of either mechanical devices—for example, the lots known as Urim ( 1 Sam. 28.6 ; cf. Acts 1.26 )—or of a human intermediary, the “prophet.” Oracles...

Besant, Sir Walter

Besant, Sir Walter (1836–1901)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

... ( 1883 ) Fiction The Captain's Room ( 1883 ) Fiction Short Stories A Glorious Fortune ( 1883 ) Fiction The Art of Fiction ( 1884 ) Non-Fiction Dorothy Forster ( 1884 ) Fiction In Luck at Last ( 1884 ) Fiction Uncle Jack ( 1885 ) Fiction Children of Gibeon ( 1886 ) Fiction Katharine Regina ( 1887 ) Fiction The World Went Very Well Then ( 1887 ) Fiction Herr Paulus ( 1888 ) Fiction The Bell of St Paul's ( 1889 ) Fiction For Faith and Freedom ( 1889 ) Fiction To Call Her Mine ( 1889 ) Fiction Armorel of Lyonesse...

Pools

Pools   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
950 words

... Arad, article on Iron Age Period ; Jawa .] The Hebrew Bible mentions several pools: the Old Pool, the Upper Pool, the Lower Pool, the King's Pool, the Artificial Pool, and the Siloam Pool in Jerusalem; as well as pools in Hebron, Gibeon, Samaria, and Ḥesban. Only few of these have been identified. [See Hebron ; Gibeon ; Samaria ; Ḥesban .] The largest pools, Solomon's Pools and one of the pools at Jericho, date to the Second Temple period. Solomon's Pools form part of one of the most impressive and largest water installations in the land of Israel....

cottages, cottagers

cottages, cottagers   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
469 words

...of the older structures that are now referred to as cottages were originally the houses of yeomen , husbandmen , and craftsmen. Thus, ‘Willy Lott's Cottage’ at Flatford Mill (Suffolk), which was featured in some of John Constable's paintings, was actually a farmhouse known as Gibeon's Gate. Cottages were smaller, inferior buildings inhabited by the poorest sections of society. Many were only a single room, open to the rafters. The great majority of the cottages of the labourers of the early modern period do not survive. Those 16th‐ and 17th‐century cottages...

Joshua, Book of

Joshua, Book of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
450 words

...incidents in the Book are the hiding of the spies in Jericho by Rahab the harlot (2), the miraculous crossing of the Jordan commemorated by the twelve stones representing the twelve tribes of Israel (3 f.), the Fall of Jericho (6), and the standing still of the sun on Gibeon (10). Chs. 12–21 record in detail the division of Palestine among the twelve tribes. Though some of the sources of Joshua may date from the 9th cent. bc or even earlier, the Book prob. did not reach its present form before the 6th cent. or later. Many scholars have held that...

Food Storage

Food Storage   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,958 words

...but may have played a role in the community's preparation for the impending turmoil that culminated in the Bar Kokhba Revolt (132–135). Certain food-processing activities, such as wine making, required particular storage facilities, such as those evident in the winery at Gibeon. [See Gibeon .] The excavator found a series of caves, used as fermentation cellars, in which the wine was kept undisturbed at a constant temperature until it was drinkable (Pritchard, 1964 , pp. 1–27). Public storehouses, under the control of the civic or religious authorities, were...

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