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George Phillips Bond

(1825–65) Americanastronomer, son of W. C. Bond. He worked closely with his father in studies of the Solar System and in developing astrophotography. In 1850 they took the first ...

Bond, George Phillips

Bond, George Phillips (1825–65)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., George Phillips ( 1825–65 ) American astronomer , son of W. C. Bond . He worked closely with his father in studies of the Solar System and in developing astrophotography. In 1850 they took the first good photographs of the Moon, and followed this with the first photograph of a star (Vega). Bond himself studied the comparative brightnesses of the Sun, the Moon, and Jupiter (the Bond albedo is named after him) and produced a notable report on Donati’s Comet of 1858...

Bond, George Phillips

Bond, George Phillips   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Scientists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
147 words

..., George Phillips (1825–1865) American astronomer George Bond spent most of his early life assisting his father William Bond , whom he succeeded as director of the Harvard College Observatory in 1859 . He thereafter contributed to most of his father's observational and photographic work, including their joint discovery of Hyperion in 1848 , the first photograph of a star (Vega) in 1850 , and the detection in 1850 of Saturn's third ring, the so-called ‘crepe ring’. He is best known, however, for showing how stellar magnitude could be calculated from...

George Phillips Bond

George Phillips Bond  

(1825–65)Americanastronomer, son of W. C. Bond. He worked closely with his father in studies of the Solar System and in developing astrophotography. In 1850 they took the first good photographs of ...
Richard III

Richard III   Reference library

Randall Martin and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,559 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Festival, to take just one example, has mounted successful productions every decade since the 1950s. Tyrone Guthrie staged Richard III with Alec Guinness to open the Ontario Stratford Festival in 1953 , while Brian Bedford gleefully indulged audiences there in Robin Phillips’s memorable 1977 production. Kevin Spacey chose the role for his farewell to the Old Vic in 2011 . Randall Martin On the screen: Two very different films were produced early in the 20th century, F. R. Benson ’s ( 1911 ) recording his stage production, while Frederick B....

William Cranch Bond

William Cranch Bond  

(1789–1859)Americanastronomer, father of G. P. Bond. He founded the Harvard College Observatory, originally sited in his house but transferred to Harvard in 1838. He was succeeded as its director by ...
Bond albedo

Bond albedo  

The fraction of the total light or other radiation falling on a non-luminous spherical body that is reflected from the body in all directions; also called spherical albedo. It is calculated over all ...
Hyperion

Hyperion  

One of the major satellites of Saturn, with a radius measuring 185 × 140 × 113 km; visual albedo 0.19–0.25. It was discovered in 1848 by W. Bond.
William Lassell

William Lassell  

(1799–1880) British astronomerLassell, who was born at Bolton in Lancashire, was a brewer by profession who became interested in astronomy. He built an observatory for himself at Starfield near ...
Johann Gottfried Galle

Johann Gottfried Galle  

(1812–1910)Germanastronomer. On 1846 September 23, observing at the Berlin Observatory with the German astronomer Heinrich Ludwig d'Arrest (1822–75), he was the first to locate the planet Neptune, ...
TABART, Benjamin

TABART, Benjamin (fl. 1801–18)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
416 words

...Blair’, ‘the Rev. J. Goldsmith’, etc. Phillips became a sheriff of London and was knighted when he presented an address from the corporation to George III. Several of the early Tabart books had Phillips’s name on the joint imprint. George Borrow’s Lavengro ( 1851 ) portrays Phillips, whom it describes as having a partner or assistant, ‘a pale, shrivelled-looking person’ who nevertheless had ‘a dull twinkle in his eye’, and whom Borrow names as ‘Taggart’. This may well have been Tabart, and it is possible that Phillips used his name for the juvenile side of...

spy fiction

spy fiction   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,091 words

...Wall brought a serious chill to the Cold War climate, and in The Spy Who Came in from the Cold ( 1963 ) John le Carré marked out the territory that was to dominate spy fiction until the end of the Cold War. Making an explicit and conscious break with Bond, he created the anti‐heroic figure of George Smiley, the protagonist of several of his novels that culminate in Smiley's People ( 1980 ), an eternally middle‐aged and all too human intelligence officer who grapples with the moral ambiguities of real‐life Cold War espionage. The Looking‐Glass War (...

spy fiction

spy fiction   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
970 words

...figure of James Bond . By 1964 , the year of Fleming's death, his eleven Bond spy novels, including From Russia with Love ( 1957 ) and Goldfinger ( 1959 ), had sold over 40 million copies and his hero was beginning to appear in blockbuster movies. The 1961 building of the Berlin Wall brought a serious chill to the Cold War climate, and in The Spy Who Came in from the Cold ( 1963 ) John le Carré marked out the territory that was to dominate spy fiction until the end of the Cold War. Making an explicit and conscious break with Bond, he created the...

Wodiczko, Krzysztof

Wodiczko, Krzysztof (14 April 1943)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
654 words

...City Tableaux, Tompkins Square, the Homeless Vehicle Project (exh. cat., New York, Exit Art, 1990) Public Address: Krzysztof Wodiczko (exh. cat., Minneapolis, MN, Walker A. Cent., 1992) A. Novakov , ed.: Veiled Histories: The Body, Place, and Public Art (New York, 1997) P. Phillips : “ Creating Democracy: A Dialogue with Krzysztof Wodiczko, ” A. J. , lxii (Winter 2003), pp. 32–47 Mary M....

Secret Agent

Secret Agent  

The Oxford Companion to Crime and Mystery Writing

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Literature

...Game by accident when a professional agent is murdered in his flat in The Thirty-Nine Steps ( 1915 ). When war breaks out, Hannay is recruited to further the Allied cause abroad, appearing in two more wartime books, Greenmantle ( 1916 ) and Mr. Standfast ( 1919 ). In E. Phillips Oppenheim 's A Maker of History ( 1905 ), a young man comes upon a secret treaty between Germany and Russia and enters the domain of the secret agent out of a sense of duty. After World War I, perhaps disillusioned by their experiences, writers chose to depict the life of a...

Photography

Photography   Reference library

Reese V. Jenkins

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...the moon. His son, Henry Draper, produced in the 1860s a popular stereopticon image of the full moon and used photography in his spectral studies. The Boston photographer John Adams Whipple, the Harvard College astronomy professor William Cranach Bond, and his son, the Harvard Observatory director George Phillip Bond, collaborated in astronomical daguerreotypy. Using Harvard’s 15-inch refracting telescope, then the nation’s largest, they daguerreotyped in the early 1850s the star Alpha Lyrae (Vega), the moon, and a partial solar eclipse ( Newhall, 1968 , pp....

England, State of

England, State of   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Crime and Mystery Writing

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,335 words

...Yet the duality of approach between writers of radical outlook and those with conservative instincts has persisted. In the field of espionage, Ian Fleming 's novels about James Bond echoed those of Yates and Sapper in their distaste for foreigners and appeal to snobbish values. John le Carré and Len Deighton struck a more sceptical note and le Carré's books about George Smiley provide a penetrating assessment of English social mores. The strength of such questioning writers as Symons and le Carré has been their realization that the story must come...

Alvarez, Julia

Alvarez, Julia (b. 1950)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,409 words

...her MFA. in creative writing from Syracuse University. Alvarez has since held teaching positions at numerous colleges and universities throughout the country, including the Phillips Andover Academy in Massachusetts ( 1979–1981 ), the University of Vermont ( 1981–1983 ), and the University of Illinois ( 1985–1988 ). In 1984 , she was the Jenny McKean Moore Visiting Writer at George Washington University. In 1988 , she took a full-time position as professor of English at her alma mater, Middlebury College, a position she held until 1995 when she resigned...

du Maurier, Daphne

du Maurier, Daphne   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
2,962 words

...she restored the primacy of the family's most dashing manipulator, George's maternal grandmother, Mary Anne Clarke . An English prostitute who became an infamous Regency period courtesan, Clarke was for a few years the lover of the duke of York, a son of King George III . When the duke discarded her, she blackmailed him with old love letters; he paid her a generous subsidy to prevent her from publishing her memoirs. The duke's annuity supported the entire next generation; not until George's respectable success could the family expunge their disreputable...

Cleveland

Cleveland   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,956 words

...figures mentioned in this article .] Bibliography Davis, Russell H. Black Americans in Cleveland from George Peake to Carl B. Stokes, 1796–1969 . Washington, D.C.: Associated Publishers, 1972. Kusmer, Kenneth L. A Ghetto Takes Shape: Black Cleveland, 1870–1930 . Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1976. Miller, Carol Poh , and Robert A. Wheeler . Cleveland: A Concise History, 1796–1996 . 2d ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997. Phillips, Kimberley I. AlabamaNorth: African-American Migrants, Community, and Working-Class Activism in...

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,487 words
Illustration(s):
1

...were gratified by the criticisms that its Chairman, Julian Bond, directed at President George W. Bush. Bond denounced both the irregularities of the 2000 presidential election and Bush’s right-wing Cabinet and Supreme Court appointments, qualifying them as representing the “Taliban wing” of the Republican Party. In retaliation, the U.S. Internal Revenue Service in 2004 gave notice that it might revoke the tax exempt status of the NAACP, but then relented in 2006 . That same year, President George W. Bush finally delivered the traditional presidential...

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