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Georg Baselitz

(b Deutschbaselitz, Saxony, 23 Jan. 1938). German painter and sculptor. He is regarded as one of the leading exponents of Neo-Expressionism and his work has often been the ...

Baselitz, Georg

Baselitz, Georg (23 Jan. 1938)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
63 words

..., Georg ( b Deutschbaselitz, Saxony, 23 Jan. 1938 ). German painter and sculptor. He is regarded as one of the leading exponents of Neo-Expressionism and his work has often been the subject of controversy, particularly since, in 1969 , he began painting the images in his pictures upside down. Since 1980 he has also made sculptures; in these the figures are the normal way...

Baselitz, Georg

Baselitz, Georg   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
65 words

..., Georg ( b Deutschbaselitz, Saxony , 23 Jan. 1938 ). German painter and sculptor . He is regarded as one of the leading exponents of Neo-Expressionism and his work has often been the subject of controversy, particularly since, in 1969 , he began painting the images in his pictures upside down. Since 1980 he has also made sculptures; in these the figures are the normal way up....

Baselitz, Georg

Baselitz, Georg (1938– )   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
214 words

..., Georg ( 1938–  ). German painter, printmaker, draughtsman, and sculptor, born at Deutschbaselitz, Saxony. He began his training in East Berlin, but moved to West Berlin in 1956 and studied at the Academy. It was at this time that he gave up his original surname, Kern, and adopted a name derived from his place of birth. In the 1960s he became controversial for producing deliberately crude paintings that give him a place as one of the pioneers of Neo-Expressionism. The most notorious of these pictures is The Great Piss-up (also called Big Night down...

Baselitz, Georg

Baselitz, Georg (1938–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
581 words

...figure, although there was a general view that the most recent paintings, in which he visited the themes of his classic work (‘remixes’ was his description), represented a certain falling-off of power. Further Reading Royal Academy of Arts , Baselitz (2007) Whitechapel Art Gallery , Georg Baselitz Paintings 1960–83 ...

Georg Baselitz

Georg Baselitz  

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(b Deutschbaselitz, Saxony, 23 Jan. 1938).German painter and sculptor. He is regarded as one of the leading exponents of Neo-Expressionism and his work has often been the subject of controversy, ...
Eugen Schönebeck

Eugen Schönebeck  

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(1936– )German painter, born in Heidenau, near Dresden. He initially studied in East Berlin but moved to the West in 1956, studying at the Hochschule für bildende Künste until 1961. He met Georg ...
Stephan Balkenhol

Stephan Balkenhol  

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(1957– )German sculptor, born in Fritzlar, Hesse. He began by making Pop art and assemblages, but for most of his career he has worked on figurative sculptures in painted wood, both free-standing and ...
David Salle

David Salle  

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(1952– )American painter, born in Norman, Oklahoma. He studied under John Baldessari at the California Institute of Arts, Valencia. When his painting was first seen widely in the early 1980s it was ...
A. R. Penck

A. R. Penck  

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(1939– )German painter, born in Dresden. He was born Ralf Winckler and took on his pseudonym in 1968, deriving the name from the geographer and Ice Age researcher Albrecht Penck (1858–1945), ...
Neo-Expressionism

Neo-Expressionism  

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Movement in painting (and to a lesser extent sculpture) emerging in the late 1970s, typified by intense subjectivity of feeling and aggressively raw handling of materials. Neo-Expressionist paintings ...
Sigmar Polke

Sigmar Polke  

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(1941–2010)German painter, born at Oels (now Olesnicka) in Lower Silesia (now Poland). His family moved to West Germany in 1953. He had a reputation as both man and artist for being difficult to pin ...
Anselm Kiefer

Anselm Kiefer  

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(b Donaueschingen, 8 Mar. 1945).German painter. Early in his career he was a Conceptual artist, but he turned to painting and has become one of the chief exponents of Neo-Expressionism, with an ...
socialist Realism

socialist Realism  

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Offically approved styles of art, architecture, literature, etc., in the former Soviet Union and some other Communist countries. In architecture it usually involved a type of coarse stripped ...
Neo-Expressionism

Neo-Expressionism   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
114 words

...approach to their materials. Objects such as straw or broken crockery may be embedded in the paint surface. Subject-matter is usually figurative but often infused with a spirit of pessimism. Neo-Expressionism has enjoyed particular success in Germany ( Anselm Kiefer , Georg Baselitz ) and the USA ( Julian Schnabel...

Schönebeck, Eugen

Schönebeck, Eugen (1936–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
166 words

...Eugen ( 1936– ) German painter , born in Heidenau, near Dresden. He initially studied in East Berlin but moved to the West in 1956 , studying at the Hochschule für bildende Künste until 1961 . He met Georg Baselitz , another refugee from the Communist East in 1957 . They worked closely together, giving their first ‘Pandemonium’ exhibition in a derelict house in 1961 . After two solo exhibitions, also in Berlin, Schönebeck gave up painting for good in 1966 and took up work as a postman. It is usually assumed that the decision represented a...

chiaroscuro woodcut

chiaroscuro woodcut   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
141 words

... of that year; other notable German exponents were Cranach , Baldung , and Altdorfer . In Italy, where the medium was used more extensively, Ugo da Carpi made many prints after designs by Raphael and by Parmigianino , who was a prolific designer for the process. Georg Baselitz has made an impressive collection of chiaroscuro woodcuts, which formed the basis of a major exhibition entitled ‘Renaissance Impressions’ at the Royal Academy, London, in...

Salle, David

Salle, David (1952–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
228 words

...success of his work was part of a general revival of art world interest in painting during this period, the idea of ‘self-expression’ is particularly inappropriate to Salle, who is much closer to the stylistic pluralism of Sigmar Polke to than the deliberate wildness of Georg Baselitz . His paintings combine images from photographs and the history of art in a way that defies, at least for most commentators, any kind of coherent narrative. The best interpretative model is probably the concept of ‘pastiche’ as theorized by Fredric Jameson ( see ...

Neo-Expressionism

Neo-Expressionism   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
263 words

...value) and bad ‘Bad Painting’ (something that is just a mess) is an unenviable critical task. Neo-Expressionism has flourished mainly in Germany (where its exponents are sometimes called Neue Wilden—‘New Wild Ones’), Italy, and the USA. Leading exponents include: in Germany, Georg Baselitz and Anselm Kiefer ; in Italy, Sandro Chia ( 1946–  ) and Francesco Clemente ( 1952–  ); in the USA, David Salle ( 1952–  ) and Julian Schnabel . See also New Image Painting...

Artaud, Antonin

Artaud, Antonin (1896–1948)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
319 words

...and Dubuffet's preoccupation with Art Brut . Artaud died in poverty, after a drug overdose, having been diagnosed with cancer. His influence has lived on in the work of artists who have challenged social norms, such as the Vienna Actionists and (early in his career) Georg Baselitz . Further Reading S. Wilson , ‘Paris Post War: In Search of the Absolute’, in F. Morris Paris Post-War: Art and Existentialism (1993)...

Neo-Expressionism

Neo-Expressionism   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
268 words

...value) and bad ‘Bad Painting’ (something that is just a mess) is an unenviable critical task. Neo-Expressionism has flourished mainly in Germany (where its exponents are sometimes called Neue Wilden—‘New Wild Ones’), Italy, and the USA. Leading exponents include: in Germany, Georg Baselitz and Anselm Kiefer ; in Italy, Sandro Chia ( b 1946 ) and Francesco Clemente ( b 1952 ); in the USA, David Salle ( b 1952 ) and Julian Schnabel. See also New Image Painting...

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