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Geofroy Tory

 (c.1480–1533) French scholar, bookseller, printer, and artist, born in Bourges. After acting as editor for H. Estienne I, Tory established his own press in 1525. As artist, he ...

Tory, Geofroy

Tory, Geofroy (c.1480–1533)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
105 words

..., Geofroy ( c .1480–1533 ) French scholar , bookseller , printer , and artist , born in Bourges. After acting as editor for H. *Estienne I , Tory established his own press in 1525 . As artist, he is known for designs of several typographical alphabets. As author and printer, his crowning achievement was Champfleury ( 1529 ), often considered the peak of Renaissance attempts to arrive at the ideal proportion of *letterform s by analogy to the proportion of the human body and face. To Champfleury we also owe such French orthographic innovations...

Tory, Geofroy

Tory, Geofroy (1480)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
443 words

...also 1520s hours workshop, the . Writings Le Champfleury (Paris, 1529; digitized facs. and trans. into mod. Fr., Oakland, CA, 2003) Bibliography A. Bernard : Geofroy Tory: Peintre et graveur, premier imprimeur royal, réformateur de l’orthographie et de la typographie sous François Ier (Paris, 1857), xv J. Megret : ‘ Geofroy Tory … ’, A. & Métiers Graph ., 28 (1931), p. 7 J. Adhémar : Inventaire du fonds français: Graveurs du seizième siècle , Paris, Bib. N., Dépt Est. cat., ii (Paris, 1938), pp. 138–48 R. Mortimer : French 16th Century Books ,...

Tory, Geofroy

Tory, Geofroy   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
144 words

..., Geofroy ( c. 1480–1533 ), French humanist printer and woodcut artist. He was born in Bourges and studied in Rome and Bologna. From 1507 to 1515 he taught in Paris and worked as an editor for Henri Estienne , and in 1516 he returned to Rome to study classical remains. On returning to France ( c. 1518 ) Tory became an exponent of printing in roman founts, and in 1530 he was appointed royal printer and engraver (in which capacity he also designed book bindings). In 1529 Tory published Le Champfleury , a treatise of aesthetics in which he related...

Geofroy Tory

Geofroy Tory  

 (c.1480–1533) French scholar, bookseller, printer, and artist, born in Bourges.After acting as editor for H. Estienne I, Tory established his own press in 1525. As artist, he is known ...
William Edwin Rudge

William Edwin Rudge  

Reference type:
Overview Page
 (1876–1931) Fine book printer of New York and Mount Vernon, NY.He was closely associated with designers Goudy, F. Warde, and B. Rogers. His firm printed Tory’s Champ Fleury (1927) ...
Simon de Colines

Simon de Colines  

Reference type:
Overview Page
 (d. 1546) One of the greatest French printers of the Renaissance,Colines established his press in Paris in 1520, after marrying the widow of Henri Estienne I, by whom he ...
initial

initial  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Deriving from the Latin initium (‘beginning’), the term ‘initial’ means the very first letter in the first word. This letter is that most likely to be engrossed or decorated in ...
typography

typography  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
1. The art and process of designing typeset material, including the choice of fonts (see also typeface personality), legibility, leading, kerning, layout, and the use of white space.2. Loosely, the ...
Typography

Typography   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
478 words

...as an adjunct to roman to be used for differentiation or emphasis. Italic was first used in England by Wynkyn de Worde ( c. 1456–1535 ) in 1528 . In the 16th century printing flourished in France, where the printing of books became established as an art through the work of geofroy Tory , robert Estienne , Henri Estiennes II ( 1528–98 ), Simon de Colines ( d 1546 ), Jean de Tournes ( 1504–64 ) and claude Garamond . D. B. Updike : Printing Types: Their History, Form and Use , 2 vols (Cambridge, MA, 1922/ R New York, 1980) R. Jubert : Graphisme,...

printing

printing   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
627 words

...and the partners Arnold Pannartz and Konrad Sweynheym (in Rome). In France, where the principal centres of printing were Lyon and Paris, the printers included Jodocus Badius (Lyon), Étienne Dolet (Lyon), Jean Dupré (Paris and Lyon), Johann Neumeister (Lyon), Geofroy Tory (Paris), Jean de Tournes (Lyon), Antoine Vérard (Paris), and members of the Estienne and Wechel families (Paris and other centres); Claude Garamond (Paris) seems to have been the first person to make type founding his sole profession. In England, early printers such...

Dated masters

Dated masters   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,560 words
Illustration(s):
2

...frontispieces for the vernacular archival compilations and translated humanist texts produced c. 1522–35 for the court of Francis I by court secretaries from Tours. The 1520s Hours Workshop has long been associated with Geofroy Tory, the Bourges-born Parisian humanist, publisher and printer. A fresh look at the manuscripts and Tory's publications reveals that he used the talents of the workshop rather than working among them as artist and scribe. The Masters are named after their most typical manuscripts. The two earliest Masters worked before 1525 . The...

Perréal, Jean

Perréal, Jean (b?1450–60)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,274 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of the Lyonnais, Forez and Beaujolais’. He resigned the following year to take up a civic appointment within the city. Towards the end of his life Perréal lived in Paris, directing repairs at the château of Melun. It was about this time that he designed an illustration to Geofroy Tory's alphabetical treatise, the Champfleury ( 1529 ). Although among contemporaries Perréal enjoyed a reputation as ‘a second Zeuxis or Apelles’, he was quickly forgotten after his death, interest in him resurfacing only in the 19th century. R. de Maulde La Clavière : Jean...

Book illustration

Book illustration   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,796 words

...to distinguish (see Hind). Some were printed on parchment and carefully illuminated. The movement from the dense, black medieval page to the lighter, grey Renaissance page is usually seen as represented by Geofroy Tory's Heures de la Vierge (Paris, 1525 ), in which gothic types are replaced by roman and the woodcuts also reflect the new lightness. Tory's treatise on letter design, the famous Champfleury (Paris, 1529 ), further entrenched Italian influence in the golden age of French typography. Great scientific endeavour was reflected in several...

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