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Gaza

A city in the hands in turn of the tribe of Judah (Judg. 1: 18), the Philistines (1 Sam. 6: 17), the Assyrians, Judah under Hezekiah (2 Kgs. 18: 8), the Egyptians (609 bce), and the ...

Gaza

Gaza (Gaza Strip, Mozambique)   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...in reference to an early fortress here. This was changed to Gaza after the Muslim conquest in 635 and it is usually known now as Gaza City to distinguish it from the Gaza Strip. Gaza may give its name to ‘gauze’, a fine wire mesh or transparent fabric. The Gaza Strip is not currently recognized as belonging to any country, although, since June 2007 it has been under the control of Hamas, an Arabic acronym for Harakat al-Muqāwama al-Islāmiyyah ‘Islamic Resistance Movement’, a virulently anti-Semitic Sunni Islamist militant group. The Arabic word hamās ...

Gaza

Gaza   Reference library

Gary Vikan, Alexander Kazhdan, and Zvi 'Uri Ma῾oz

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
403 words

... , probably in 402 . Even after the extinction of paganism, Gaza remained an important focus of ancient culture; teachers at its school of rhetoric included Chorikios of Gaza and Prokopios of Gaza , while Dorotheos of Gaza was an influential monastic writer. On the Madaba mosaic map , Gaza is shown as a large city with colonnaded streets crossing its center and a large basilica in the middle, probably the church erected over the Marneion. A mosaic dated by Greek inscription to 508/9 was found during the excavations of a synagogue on the seashore; it...

Gaza

Gaza   Reference library

Aren Maeir

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
1,405 words

...the end of the Judahite kingdom. Throughout these texts, the role of Gaza as a Philistine city of central importance is maintained. Notice should be made of the mention of Gaza in the books of Joshua and Judges, among others, as one of the cities of the Philistines ( Josh 13:2–4 ) and that it was not captured by the Israelites ( Judg 1:18 ). Likewise, Gaza figures centrally in the Samson narratives ( Judg 13—16 ). Finally, Gaza is condemned in Amos 1:6 . The Assyrian sources mention Gaza from the reign of Adad-nirari III (r. 810–783 b.c.e. ) and onward....

Gaza

Gaza   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...the architectural blocks of Ramesses II found south of Gaza. Katzenstein, H. Jacob . Gaza in the Egyptian Texts of the New Kingdom . Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (1982), 111–113. Surveys the textual sources for the history and name of the city during the New Kingdom. Katzenstein, H. Jacob . ‘ Before Pharaoh Conquered Gaza’ (Jeremiah XLVII 1) . Vetus Testamentum 33 (1983), 249–251. Attributes this biblical phrase to an event of 600 bce . Katzenstein, H. Jacob . Gaza: Prehellenistic Gaza. In The Anchor Bible Dictionary , edited by David...

Gaza

Gaza   Reference library

Emma Loosley and Oliver Nicholson

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., ed., Gaza dans l’Antiquité Tardive: archéologie, rhétorique et histoire (2005). E. Amato et al., eds., L’École de Gaza: espace littéraire et identité culturelle dans l’antiquité tardive (2015). M. Barash , ‘The David Mosaic of Gaza’, Assaph: Studies in Art History 1 (1980), 1–42. B. Bitton-Ashkelony and A. Kofsky , eds., Christian Gaza in Late Antiquity (2004), 195–208. B. Bitton-Ashkelony and A. Kofsky , The Monastic School of Gaza (2006). M. W. Champion , Explaining the Cosmos: Creation and Cultural Interaction in Late-Antique Gaza (2014)....

Gaza

Gaza   Reference library

Ferdinand J. de Hen

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
152 words

...Gaza [ dima ]. (1) Drum of the Zande and Barambo peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The single head is either laced directly to the tronco-conical body (50 to 85 cm long) or it is sewn to a leather hoop to which the laces are affixed. See O. Boone : Les tambours du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi (Tervuren, 1951), 25. (2) Drum of the Zande. The cylindro-conical body is about 32 cm long. The two thick leather heads are laced together and one is beaten with a single stick; the other is not beaten. The Mbanja use the name gaza for a...

Gaza

Gaza   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
62 words

... A city in the hands in turn of the tribe of * Judah (Judg. 1: 18), the * Philistines (1 Sam. 6: 17), the * Assyrians , Judah under * Hezekiah (2 Kgs. 18: 8), the Egyptians ( 609 bce ), and the * Seleucids . It was destroyed by Jonathan the * Hasmonean ( 145 bce ) and rebuilt by the Romans, after which it was inhabited by both Jews and...

Gaza

Gaza   Reference library

Eric William Gray, Jean-François Salles, and John Francis Healey

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
323 words

... , an ancient city of the Philistines and one-time stronghold of the pharaohs (late bronze age). Located in a fertile region and in a key position on the via maris , the route from Egypt to Asia, it was the Mediterranean outlet of the Arabian trade . For long an ally of the Assyrians, it was later a Babylonian, then a Persian, garrison town. In the Persian period its ‘Philisto-Arab’ coins were based on the Attic standard and reflect connections with Greece, although its main economic links remained with Arabia and the Minaeans of the south. In 448 bc ...

Gaza

Gaza   Reference library

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
15 words

... US frequency (2010): 497 Origin undetermined. Some characteristic forenames: Spanish Ruben, Luisito, Rey,...

Gaza Strip

Gaza Strip   Reference library

Issam Nassar

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
489 words

...in a near total collapse, and the Gaza Strip was in chaos. Under Israeli siege, Gaza was partitioned, and its infrastructure—including its airport and seaport—was destroyed. Militant groups responded with a bombing campaign against Israeli settlements and towns. Israel withdrew its settlers and destroyed its colonies in the Gaza Strip in 2005 , leaving the status of Gaza in limbo. [ See also Arab-Israeli Conflict ; Israel ; Palestine ; Palestine Liberation Organization ; Palestinian Refugees ; and West Bank and Gaza Strip . ] Bibliography Butt,...

Gaza Strip

Gaza Strip   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
92 words

... Strip Strip of territory in sw Israel , bordering on the se Mediterranean Sea. It became an Egyptian possession after the first Arab-Israeli War ( 1948–49 ), and later served as a centre for Palestinian refugees. The Gaza Strip was occupied by Israel from 1967 , and it was the scene of the Intifada against Israel in 1988 . In 1994 the Palestinian Authority took over the administration of Gaza. In 2000 , the Intifada renewed. In 2005 , Israel withdrew troops and settlers from the area. Area: 363sq km (140sq mi). Pop. ( 1997 )...

Gaza amphorae

Gaza amphorae   Reference library

Joanita Vroom and Oliver Nicholson

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... amphorae and Gaza wine Long, bullet-shaped transport jars with rough loop handles (known as ‘LRA 4’), produced in the hinterland of Gaza and Ashkelon between the late 4th and 6th/early 7th century, widely distributed around the Mediterranean and far beyond, and probably used in the Gaza wine trade . Though not mentioned in the Tetrarchic Prices Edict , Gaza wines were esteemed by Sidonius Apollinaris ( Carmen , 17, 15) and Cassiodorus ( Variae , XII, 12, 3) and mentioned by Isidore of Seville ( Etymologiae , XX, 3, 7). Corippus ( In laudem...

Gaza, Theodore

Gaza, Theodore   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
438 words

...in Ferrara long after Gaza had left, and possibly after he had died. At Ferrara Gaza delivered a seminal oration on the importance of Greek studies, arguing that the study of Greek was a valuable preparation for public life. In 1451 Gaza moved to Rome, where he joined the circle of Bessarion . He had come to Rome as one of the group of Greek translators assembled by Pope Nicholas V , and there translated Theophrastus , Aristotle , and Pseudo-Alexander of Aphrodisias into Latin and Cicero 's De senectute into Greek. Gaza's attempt to reconcile ...

Gaza Strip

Gaza Strip   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
691 words

...settlers and its armed forces from Gaza. However, attacks on Israel from the Gaza Strip continued, as did military action from the Israeli army inside the Gaza Strip. Hamas increased its power, and in 2007 it assumed control after a brief civil war against the Fatah movement. In the aftermath of this Israel and Egypt closed their borders with Gaza, isolating the area and causing great economic hardship. In late December 2008 ceasefire breaches by Hamas led Israel to launch a major military offensive against Gaza. In November 2012 Hamas and Israel...

Gaza, Theodore

Gaza, Theodore (c. 1400–1475/6)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
61 words

..., Theodore ( c. 1400–1475/6 ) arrived in Italy from Byzantium before 1440 . After studying Latin in Mantua , he taught Greek in Ferrara , Rome , and Naples . His Latin translations of Aristotle 's scientific works were influential, as was his Greek grammar. Like his patron Cardinal Bessarion , he promoted Greek studies among Italian humanists . [ See also Greek influences ; Greek writing in Italy .] [ Jill Kraye...

Gaza, Theodore

Gaza, Theodore (c.1408–76)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
80 words

..., Theodore ( c .1408–76 ) Byzantine émigré scholar who arrived in Italy in 1440 . He produced important Latin versions of Aristotle ( De Animalibus , Problemata ), Theophrastus, and others for Pope Nicholas V’s programme of translations from the Greek. Part of the circle of *Bessarion at Rome, he assisted Giovanni Andrea Bussi with the preparation of the early editions of *Sweynheym and Pannartz . His Greek grammar was one of the first works printed by *Aldus . Martin...

Procopius of Gaza

Procopius of Gaza (c.475–c.538)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
44 words

...of Gaza ( c. 475– c. 538 ), rhetorician and biblical exegete . He was perhaps the foremost figure of the ‘School of Gaza’, a group of Christian rhetoricians of the 5th–6th cent. His biblical works consist mostly of extensive extracts from older...

Aeneas of Gaza

Aeneas of Gaza (430–520)   Reference library

Ute Possekel

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
230 words

...of Gaza ( c. 430–520 ) Christian sophist; teacher of rhetoric and law. He studied under Hierocles, the Neoplatonist , at Alexandria , returned to Gaza, and became a strong supporter of Platonist and Neoplatonist doctrines. In his dialogue Theophrastus he defended the immortality of the soul and the resurrection of the body, though he rejected such tenets of Platonism as conflicted with orthodox Christian doctrine, e.g. the pre-existence of the soul and the eternity of the world. Twenty-five of his letters have also survived. With Procopius of Gaza ...

Timotheus of Gaza

Timotheus of Gaza   Reference library

Oliver Nicholson

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...of Gaza Grammaticus under Anastasius I , to whom he addressed a (lost) discourse on the chrysargyron . He had been a pupil of Horapollon . His book on exotic animals was known to Syriac and Arabic authors; fragments survive of a Byzantine paraphrase. He had seen a pair of giraffes. Oliver Nicholson PLRE II, Timotheus 3. ed. M. Haupt (1869). ET (with comm.) F. S. Bodenheimer and A. Rabinowitz (1949). R. Kruk , ‘Timotheus of Gaza’s On Animals in the Arabic Tradition’, Le Muséon 114/3–4 (2001),...

Aeneas of Gaza

Aeneas of Gaza   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
73 words

...of Gaza (5th/6th century) Teacher of *rhetoric . The Christian sophist Aeneas, pupil of the Neoplatonist Hierokles of Alexandria, taught *philosophy and rhetoric at Gaza and left 25 letters addressed to pupils and friends. In his *dialogue Theophrastus , the well-known peripatetic philosopher, is convinced by Christian arguments. See also neoplatonism . Michael A. Grünbart L. M. Positano , Epistole ( 2 1962). M. Wacht , Aeneas von Gaza als Apologet: Seine Kosmologie im Verhältnis zum Platonismus ...

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